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Dol Guldur

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[[File:Dolguldur.gif|thumb|250px|right|Dol Guldur Location]]{{Pronounce|Dol Guldur.mp3|Ardamir}}
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{{Pronounce|Dol Guldur.mp3|Ardamir}}
  
 
'''Dol Guldur''' ("Hill of Sorcery" in [[Sindarin]])<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref>, also called "the dungeons of the Necromancer",<ref>{{H|1}}</ref><ref>''"The sins of Middle Earth, Tolkien's use of Allegory"''. Chapter 6. Greenwood Press. pp. 86.</ref> was a stronghold of [[Sauron]] located in the south of [[Mirkwood]].
 
'''Dol Guldur''' ("Hill of Sorcery" in [[Sindarin]])<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref>, also called "the dungeons of the Necromancer",<ref>{{H|1}}</ref><ref>''"The sins of Middle Earth, Tolkien's use of Allegory"''. Chapter 6. Greenwood Press. pp. 86.</ref> was a stronghold of [[Sauron]] located in the south of [[Mirkwood]].
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Dol Guldur was originally known as '''[[Amon Lanc]]''' ("Bald Hill") in [[Greenwood the Great]]<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}, note 12, p. 280</ref>. It had been the capital of [[Oropher]]'s [[Silvan Elves]], who had departed north to the [[Dark Mountains]]<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}, note 14, p. 280</ref> (later known as the [[Mountains of Mirkwood]]).  
 
Dol Guldur was originally known as '''[[Amon Lanc]]''' ("Bald Hill") in [[Greenwood the Great]]<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}, note 12, p. 280</ref>. It had been the capital of [[Oropher]]'s [[Silvan Elves]], who had departed north to the [[Dark Mountains]]<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}, note 14, p. 280</ref> (later known as the [[Mountains of Mirkwood]]).  
  
Somewhere after {{TA|1000}}, an evil presence took over Amon Lanc. It was in {{TA|1050|n}} that a [[shadow]] fell upon Greenwood and it began to be called [[Mirkwood]]<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>). The hostile entity was known as "the [[Necromancer]]" by the peoples, but it was none other than [[Sauron]] who regained his powers after his defeat in the [[War of the Last Alliance]].  [[Thranduil]] son of [[Oropher]] led his people over the [[Forest River]], where they remained.<ref>{{UT|6b}}, p. 259</ref>
+
Somewhere after {{TA|1000}}, an evil presence took over Amon Lanc. It was in {{TA|1050|n}} that a [[shadow]] fell upon Greenwood and it began to be called [[Mirkwood]]<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>). The hostile entity was known as "the [[Necromancer]]" by the peoples.  [[Thranduil]] son of [[Oropher]] led his people over the [[Forest River]], where they remained.<ref>{{UT|6b}}, p. 259</ref>
 +
[[File:John Howe - Pass the Doors of Dol Guldur.jpg|thumb|left|[[John Howe]] - ''Pass the Doors of Dol Guldur'']]
 +
The [[White Council|Council of the Wise]] long feared the Necromancer might be none other than [[Sauron]] himself who secretly regained his powers after his defeat in the [[War of the Last Alliance]]. In {{TA|2063|n}} [[Gandalf]] went to Dol Guldur, and the "Necromancer", not yet powerful, fled to the [[East]] so as not to be identified.
  
The [[Council of the Wise]] long feared the Necromancer might indeed be Sauron, and in {{TA|2063|n}} [[Gandalf]] went to Dol Guldur, and the "Necromancer", not yet powerful, fled to the [[East]]. After [[Watchful Peace|four centuries]] in {{TA|2460|n}} the "Necromancer" returned there, just as [[the One Ring]] was found by [[Sméagol]] the [[Stoors|Stoor]].<ref name="TA"/>
+
After [[Watchful Peace|four centuries]] in {{TA|2460|n}}, just as [[the One Ring]] was found by [[Sméagol]] the [[Stoors|Stoor]], the "Necromancer" returned there.<ref name="TA"/>  
  
A dark [[shadow]] and cloud flowed from Dol Guldur. In {{TA|2510}} when [[Eorl]] the Young was leading his riders to the [[Battle of the Field of Celebrant]] he steered his force westward to avoid this phenomenon.  The riders entered a golden mist that came from [[Lórien]] to the west that contended with the darkness coming from Mirkwood.<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}, p. 298</ref>
+
A dark [[shadow]] and cloud flowed from Dol Guldur whereas a golden mist that came from [[Lothlórien]] to the west contended with the darkness coming from Mirkwood. In {{TA|2510}} when [[Eorl]] the Young was leading his riders to the [[Battle of the Field of Celebrant]] he steered his force westward to avoid the phenomenon of the shadow, and they entered the mist.<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}, p. 298</ref>
  
In {{TA|2845|n}} [[Thráin II]], King of [[Durin's folk]]-in-exile and holder of the [[Ring of Thrór|last]] of the [[Seven Rings]] of the [[Dwarves]], was imprisoned in Dol Guldur's dungeons. In {{TA|2850|n}} Gandalf again entered Dol Guldur, found the dying Thráin, and was entrusted with the [[Thrór's Map|map]] and key to give to [[Thorin]], although Thráin could not tell him his own or his son's name before he died. Gandalf confirmed that the Necromancer, the master of Dol Guldur at that time, was Sauron.<ref name="TA"/>
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In {{TA|2845|n}} [[Thráin II]], [[Kings of Durin's Folk|King of Durin's Folk]]-in-exile and holder of the [[Ring of Thrór|last]] of the [[Seven Rings]] of the [[Dwarves]], was on his way to the [[Lonely Mountain]]. He was captured near the eaves of Mirkwood, imprisoned and tortured in Dol Guldur's dungeons, and his Ring taken from him. In {{TA|2850|n}} Gandalf again entered Dol Guldur, found the dying Thráin, and was entrusted with the [[Thrór's Map|map]] and key to give to [[Thorin]], although Thráin could not tell him his own or his son's name before he died. Gandalf confirmed that the Necromancer, the master of Dol Guldur at that time, was Sauron.<ref name="TA"/>
 
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[[File:Angus McBride - Dol Guldur.jpg|thumb|Angus McBride - ''Dol Guldur'']]
Gandalf returned to the [[White Council]] and urged an attack on Dol Guldur, but was overruled by [[Saruman]], who had begun searching for the One Ring in the area by then. In {{TA|2941}} Saruman finally agreed to an attack, which occurred at the same time as the [[Quest of Erebor]]. This was carefully planned by Gandalf, so that Sauron and [[Smaug]] could not assist each other, as otherwise they could easily have done. During the attack, Sauron fled to [[Mordor]], his plans now ready.  
+
Gandalf returned to the [[White Council]] and urged an attack on Dol Guldur, but was overruled by [[Saruman]], who secretly had begun searching for the One Ring in the area by then. In {{TA|2941}} Saruman finally agreed to an attack, which occurred at the same time as [[the Quest of Erebor]]. This was carefully planned by Gandalf, so that Sauron and [[Smaug]] could not assist each other, as otherwise they could easily have done. During the attack, Sauron fled to [[Mordor]], his plans now ready.  
  
 
In {{TA|2951|n}} Dol Guldur was reoccupied by [[Khamûl]], the second chief<ref>{{UT|Hunt}}, note 1, p. 352</ref>, and two other [[Nazgûl]]<ref name="TA"/>.  
 
In {{TA|2951|n}} Dol Guldur was reoccupied by [[Khamûl]], the second chief<ref>{{UT|Hunt}}, note 1, p. 352</ref>, and two other [[Nazgûl]]<ref name="TA"/>.  
  
In the following decades Dol Guldur must have rebuilt some of its power until the [[War of the Ring]], during which the forces of Dol Guldur made three assaults upon [[Lothlórien|Lórien]], causing grievous damage to the outlying woodlands. However each time they were driven back by the power of [[Nenya]] which only Sauron himself could have overcome.  
+
In the following decades Dol Guldur must have rebuilt some of its power until the [[War of the Ring]], during which its forces made assaults upon the [[Woodland Realm]] and [[Lothlórien|Lórien]],<ref name=great/> causing grievous damage to the outlying woodlands. However each time they were driven back by [[Thranduil]] and [[Galadriel]] who held the power of [[Nenya]]; which only Sauron himself could have overcome.  
 
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[[File:Galadriel dol guldur bfmeII.JPG|thumb|left|The [[Fall of Dol Guldur]].]]
Dol Guldur was finally destroyed and cleansed by the [[Elves]] of Lórien, led by [[Galadriel]], after Sauron's fall.<ref>{{App|Great}}</ref>
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Dol Guldur was finally destroyed and cleansed by the [[Elves]] of Lórien, led by [[Galadriel]], after Sauron's fall.<ref name=great>{{App|Great}}</ref>
  
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
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===Films===
 
===Films===
 
'''2012: ''[[The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey]]'':'''
 
'''2012: ''[[The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey]]'':'''
:Dol Guldur is depicted as a ruined and abandoned fortress of unknown origin. It features statues of the Nazgûl. [[Radagast]], not [[Gandalf]], enters Dol Guldur. He is attacked by a [[Undead|spirit]] (possibly the [[Witch-king]]), obtains a [[Morgul-blade]], and finds that Dol Guldur is occupied by a [[Sauron|Necromancer]]. He then travels to Gandalf to tell him the news and gives him the sword as proof.
+
:Dol Guldur is depicted as a ruined and abandoned fortress of unknown origin. It features statues of the Nazgûl. [[Radagast]], not [[Gandalf]], enters Dol Guldur. He is attacked by a [[Undead|spirit]] (possibly the [[Witch-king]]), obtains a [[Morgul blades|Morgul blade]], and finds that Dol Guldur is occupied by a [[Sauron|Necromancer]]. He then travels to Gandalf to tell him the news and gives him the sword as proof.
 +
 
 +
'''2013: ''[[The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug]]'':'''
 +
:Gandalf enters Dol Guldur to investigate its ruins. There he meets [[Azog]] and his army. He tries to escape, but is trapped by [[Sauron|the Necromancer]], who reveals to Gandalf his true identity. Gandalf is later seen trapped in one of the cages.
  
 
===Games===
 
===Games===

Latest revision as of 16:30, 18 August 2014

"Don't call my place a nasty hole! You wait till it has been cleaned and redecorated!" — Thorin
This article is undergoing major revisions as part of Tolkien Gateway's countdown to The Hobbit films. To plan and to discuss the changes see here.
This article is about the stronghold in Mirkwood. For the MERP supplement, see Dol Guldur (book).
Matěj Čadil - Dol Guldur.jpg
Dol Guldur
Physical Description
TypeFortress
LocationSouthern Mirkwood
RealmsDol Guldur, a subpower of Sauron in Mordor
InhabitantsNecromancer and his servants; Khamûl
General Information
EtymologyS. dol "hill" + guldur "sorcery"
EventsAttack on Dol Guldur, Fall of Dol Guldur

Dol Guldur ("Hill of Sorcery" in Sindarin)[1], also called "the dungeons of the Necromancer",[2][3] was a stronghold of Sauron located in the south of Mirkwood.

Contents

[edit] History

Dol Guldur was originally known as Amon Lanc ("Bald Hill") in Greenwood the Great[4]. It had been the capital of Oropher's Silvan Elves, who had departed north to the Dark Mountains[5] (later known as the Mountains of Mirkwood).

Somewhere after T.A. 1000, an evil presence took over Amon Lanc. It was in 1050 that a shadow fell upon Greenwood and it began to be called Mirkwood[6]). The hostile entity was known as "the Necromancer" by the peoples. Thranduil son of Oropher led his people over the Forest River, where they remained.[7]

John Howe - Pass the Doors of Dol Guldur

The Council of the Wise long feared the Necromancer might be none other than Sauron himself who secretly regained his powers after his defeat in the War of the Last Alliance. In 2063 Gandalf went to Dol Guldur, and the "Necromancer", not yet powerful, fled to the East so as not to be identified.

After four centuries in 2460, just as the One Ring was found by Sméagol the Stoor, the "Necromancer" returned there.[6]

A dark shadow and cloud flowed from Dol Guldur whereas a golden mist that came from Lothlórien to the west contended with the darkness coming from Mirkwood. In T.A. 2510 when Eorl the Young was leading his riders to the Battle of the Field of Celebrant he steered his force westward to avoid the phenomenon of the shadow, and they entered the mist.[8]

In 2845 Thráin II, King of Durin's Folk-in-exile and holder of the last of the Seven Rings of the Dwarves, was on his way to the Lonely Mountain. He was captured near the eaves of Mirkwood, imprisoned and tortured in Dol Guldur's dungeons, and his Ring taken from him. In 2850 Gandalf again entered Dol Guldur, found the dying Thráin, and was entrusted with the map and key to give to Thorin, although Thráin could not tell him his own or his son's name before he died. Gandalf confirmed that the Necromancer, the master of Dol Guldur at that time, was Sauron.[6]

Angus McBride - Dol Guldur

Gandalf returned to the White Council and urged an attack on Dol Guldur, but was overruled by Saruman, who secretly had begun searching for the One Ring in the area by then. In T.A. 2941 Saruman finally agreed to an attack, which occurred at the same time as the Quest of Erebor. This was carefully planned by Gandalf, so that Sauron and Smaug could not assist each other, as otherwise they could easily have done. During the attack, Sauron fled to Mordor, his plans now ready.

In 2951 Dol Guldur was reoccupied by Khamûl, the second chief[9], and two other Nazgûl[6].

In the following decades Dol Guldur must have rebuilt some of its power until the War of the Ring, during which its forces made assaults upon the Woodland Realm and Lórien,[10] causing grievous damage to the outlying woodlands. However each time they were driven back by Thranduil and Galadriel who held the power of Nenya; which only Sauron himself could have overcome.

Dol Guldur was finally destroyed and cleansed by the Elves of Lórien, led by Galadriel, after Sauron's fall.[10]

[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

The original name of Dol Guldur was Dol Dúgol, and on Tolkien's first map for The Lord of the Rings the hill was located much farther east than its later location (in square M-15 of Map II).[11] Christopher Tolkien explained that Map II had faint traces of green which suggested that Mirkwood originally extended farther to the east too.[12] The name Dol Dúgol was stricken out and the hill was moved to its later location on this map, but its name became Dol Dúghul before finally changing to Dol Guldur.[11]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

Dol Guldur in adaptations

[edit] Films

2012: The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey:

Dol Guldur is depicted as a ruined and abandoned fortress of unknown origin. It features statues of the Nazgûl. Radagast, not Gandalf, enters Dol Guldur. He is attacked by a spirit (possibly the Witch-king), obtains a Morgul blade, and finds that Dol Guldur is occupied by a Necromancer. He then travels to Gandalf to tell him the news and gives him the sword as proof.

2013: The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug:

Gandalf enters Dol Guldur to investigate its ruins. There he meets Azog and his army. He tries to escape, but is trapped by the Necromancer, who reveals to Gandalf his true identity. Gandalf is later seen trapped in one of the cages.

[edit] Games

2004: The Lord of the Rings: War of the Ring:

Dol Guldur makes appearance during both "Good" and "Evil" campaigns as a site of a major battleground.

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Dol Guldur is commanded by the Mouth of Sauron, not Khamûl. Dol Guldur (or Mordor itself) sent a huge army of Orcs, Haradrim, and Trolls to assault Erebor. The attack fails, and the Mouth of Sauron is killed along with all the attacking force. Dol Guldur is then itself attacked by a combined army of Elves and Dwarves led by Elrond, Arwen, Glorfindel, Glóin, and Dáin Ironfoot. After a long and hard struggle, the Elves and Dwarves finally overrun Dol Guldur and lay waste to the evil that dwelled there, ending Sauron's war campaign in the North once and for all.
In the Evil Campaign, the Goblins from Dol Guldur eliminate the Elves and the Ents that guard the Forest Road in Mirkwood.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Dol Guldur is a central point in the game's second expansion, The Lord of the Rings Online: Siege of Mirkwood. In its storyline, Celeborn and Galadriel organize a military campaign against Dol Guldur while the Fellowship still resides in Lothlorien (not to be confused with the later battle during the War of the Ring). The announced goal is to sow chaos into Orc forces by destroying as many of their troops, weapons and supplies as possible, to delay an inevitable assault upon Lothlorien. The true purpose, however, is to distract the Eye of Sauron from the company departing down the shores of Anduin. An assault by the Golden Host of the Galadhrim is successful despite minor losses and after establishing multiple camps throughout southern Mirkwood arrives at the walls of the fortress itself. However, without the White Lady they do not have the means of bringing down the walls, so the Elves prepare to swiftly fall back beyond Anduin before the main forces of the Enemy arrive. The players can also explore multiple locations within the Fortress, among the the Necromancer's Gate, the Ringwraith's Lair, the Dungeons of Dol Guldur, the chief tower named Barad Guldur and Sammath Gul - the chambers once occupied by the Dark Lord himself.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
  3. "The sins of Middle Earth, Tolkien's use of Allegory". Chapter 6. Greenwood Press. pp. 86.
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", note 12, p. 280
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", note 14, p. 280
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix B: The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves", p. 259
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", p. 298
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Hunt for the Ring", note 1, p. 352
  10. 10.0 10.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  11. 11.0 11.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Treason of Isengard, "The First Map of The Lord of the Rings", "Map II", p. 305
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Treason of Isengard, "The First Map of The Lord of the Rings", "The original element in the First Map", p. 298