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Doriathrin

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'''Doriathrin''' or the language of [[Doriath]], was a form of [[Sindarin]] used during the [[First Age]] which preserved many archaic forms.
 
'''Doriathrin''' or the language of [[Doriath]], was a form of [[Sindarin]] used during the [[First Age]] which preserved many archaic forms.
  
From [[Ardalambion]]:
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One difference from Sindarin was the plural form.  Unlike Sindarin, the plural suffix is ''[[-in]]'', as in ''orthin'' the plural of ''[[orth]]'').
  
{{quote|All that is known of the language of Doriath is some eighty words found in the Etymologies in LR:347-400, plus one or two words from [[the Silmarillion]] chapter 21. Yet this was once the language spoken at the court of King [[Thingol]], who ruled [[Beleriand]] for four thousand years of the [[Sun]] and sired "the fairest of all the Children of Ilúvatar that was or shall ever be" (Silm. ch. 4). Doriathrin must have been the mothertongue of [[Lúthien Tinúviel]]. When she later learnt [[Beren Erchamion|Beren]]'s native Mannish tongue, he indeed asked her why she bothered, "since her own tongue was richer and more beautiful" (PM:369). . .|[http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/ Ardalambion], [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/doriath.htm]}}
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The state of Doriathrin, as a language or dialect, relating to Sindarin proper is not fully known. In the annals the names [[Dolmed]], [[Menegroth]], [[Mablung]], [[Nauglamîr]], [[Dagnir Glaurunga]], [[Thingol]], [[Thuringwethil]] and [[Dior]] refer to names of the speech of Doriath. On the contrary, [[Daeron]] is proper Sindarin form of the Doriathrin name ''[[Dairon]]''.
  
One difference from Sindarin was the plural form. Unlike Sindarin, the plural suffix is ''[[-in]]'', as in ''[[Dor Lómin]]'' (''[[lómin]]'' is the plural of ''[[lóm]]'').
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Doriathrin seems not to have been derived from [[Old Sindarin]]. For example OS *''botto'' (from [[PQ]] *''mbottô'') brings proper Sindarin ''[[both]]''; but the same word in Doriathrin is ''[[moth]]'' so it can't be derived from *''botto'' but from an older form where the ''m'' of *''mbottô'' was retained.
  
[[Category:Languages]]
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Another difference from Old Sindarin and Sindarin was that in general, Doriathrin had preferred short monosyllabic words where their Sindarin cognates had two syllables. Doriathrin tended to drop the second vowel. For example:
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*[[Eledh]] - [[Eld]]
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*[[doron]] - [[dorn]]
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*[[gorth#Other versions|goroth]] - [[gorth]]
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*[[garaf]] - [[garm]]
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*[[Golodh]] - [[Gold]]
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*[[ered|orod]] - [[orth]]
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==Other versions of the legendarium==
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Doriathrin is known only as a vocabulary from ''[[The Etymologies]]''. Since the backstory of the ''Etymologies'' was different from the published Silmarillion, Doriathrin appears different from the [[Old Noldorin]] (read [[Old Sindarin]]); according to the later backstory, Sindarin and Doriathrin were brought into far closer contact than before because Old Sindarin (or a similar language) could have been the common ancestor of all the languages of [[Beleriand]]. Debate has arisen whether the Doriathrin vocabulary became obsolete in the continuity of the later legendarium, and the words that "survived" were merged to proper Sindarin.<ref name="Arda">[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf Ardalambion], "[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/doriath.htm Doriathrin - ''the mothertongue of Lúthien'']" (accessed 15 July 2011)</ref><ref name="Elfling">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling Elfling], "[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/551 Doriathrin]"</ref>
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Sindarin]]
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[[de:Doriathrin]]
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[[fi:Doriath (kieli)]]

Latest revision as of 08:01, 18 August 2012

Doriathrin or the language of Doriath, was a form of Sindarin used during the First Age which preserved many archaic forms.

One difference from Sindarin was the plural form. Unlike Sindarin, the plural suffix is -in, as in orthin the plural of orth).

The state of Doriathrin, as a language or dialect, relating to Sindarin proper is not fully known. In the annals the names Dolmed, Menegroth, Mablung, Nauglamîr, Dagnir Glaurunga, Thingol, Thuringwethil and Dior refer to names of the speech of Doriath. On the contrary, Daeron is proper Sindarin form of the Doriathrin name Dairon.

Doriathrin seems not to have been derived from Old Sindarin. For example OS *botto (from PQ *mbottô) brings proper Sindarin both; but the same word in Doriathrin is moth so it can't be derived from *botto but from an older form where the m of *mbottô was retained.

Another difference from Old Sindarin and Sindarin was that in general, Doriathrin had preferred short monosyllabic words where their Sindarin cognates had two syllables. Doriathrin tended to drop the second vowel. For example:

[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

Doriathrin is known only as a vocabulary from The Etymologies. Since the backstory of the Etymologies was different from the published Silmarillion, Doriathrin appears different from the Old Noldorin (read Old Sindarin); according to the later backstory, Sindarin and Doriathrin were brought into far closer contact than before because Old Sindarin (or a similar language) could have been the common ancestor of all the languages of Beleriand. Debate has arisen whether the Doriathrin vocabulary became obsolete in the continuity of the later legendarium, and the words that "survived" were merged to proper Sindarin.[1][2]

[edit] References

  1. Ardalambion, "Doriathrin - the mothertongue of Lúthien" (accessed 15 July 2011)
  2. Elfling, "Doriathrin"