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|Dragons, Drakes, Worms|
|Languages||Various Mannish and Elvish tongues|
|Lifespan||"Long and slow"|
|Members||Glaurung, Ancalagon, Scatha, Smaug|
The origin and early history of dragons
It is questionable whether Morgoth actually created or even corrupted the dragons as they were intelligent creatures and may have had free will (knowing Morgoth, if he did create anything, he would not have given them free will and whatever creatures he corrupted had all but lost their free will). They may have been to strong willed to be corrupted. Dragons are also considered to be great and magnificent creatures through Middle Earth, both feared and venerated for their strength, and Morgoth would have never created anything of such majesty. Early dragons like Glarung, Angalacon, and Dorgoth may have allied with Morgoth for mutual gain, and because of their great power other lesser dragons may have followed, but that was never explained. But thats probably what happened because after Morgoth had been chained and thrown into the Void, dragons have become purely neutral beings, neither good nor bad and interested mainly in treasure (rather like the Dwarves).
The re-emergence of dragons
In the late Third Age the dragons bred in the Northern Waste and Withered Heath north of the Ered Mithrin, stirred by the return of Evil, and began to make war with the Dwarves around year 2570 (Dáin I and Frór of Durin's folk were killed by a great cold-drake in 2589). It was perhaps in these wars that dragons swallowed four of the Seven Dwarf-rings.
Although Smaug was the greatest of the dragons of his day, he seems not to have been the last of his kind as Gandalf told Frodo that "there is not now any dragon left on earth in which the old fire is hot enough [to melt the Rings of Power]", indicating the presence of other, lesser dragons.
Means of locomotion
- A second type (Ancalagon, Smaug) could both walk on four legs and fly using wings. Winged-dragons only first appeared during the War of Wrath, the battle that ended the First Age, so all dragons introduced before the end of the First Age couldn't fly (such as Glaurung), although breeds of wingless dragons did survive into later ages.
- The Urulóki (singular Urulokë, Fire-drakes) could breathe fire. It is not entirely clear whether the term "Uruloki" referred only to the first dragons such as Glaurung that could breathe fire but were wingless, or to any dragon that could breathe fire, and thus include Smaug.
- The Cold-drakes could not.
The dragons also shared a love of treasure (especially gold), subtle intelligence, immense cunning, great physical strength, and a hypnotic power called "dragon-spell". The best way to talk to a dragon under the circumstances of this spell (when it was questioning you) was to not directly give it the information it wanted, as this would compromise you and your friends, but not to flat out deny it an answer, because this would anger it to violence. Therefore, the best way to talk to the dragon is to be vague and speak in riddles- apparently dragons find it hard to resist wasting time with riddles.
Dragon-fire (of the Urulóki) was hot enough to melt Rings of Power: four of the Seven Rings of the Dwarves were consumed by Dragon-fire, although it was not powerful enough to destroy the One Ring itself.
- Glaurung — Father of Dragons, slain by Túrin Turambar. First of the Uruloki, the Fire-drakes of Angband. He had four legs and could breathe fire, but didn't have wings.
- Ancalagon the Black — first and mightiest of the Winged-dragons, slain by Eärendil in the War of Wrath.
- Scatha — Slain by Fram of the Éothéod. Apparently a cold-drake. Described as a "long-worm", although this imparticular term seems to be more of an expression rather than a separate taxonomic group.
- Smaug — the last great dragon of Middle-earth, slain by Bard of Esgaroth. A winged Urulokë.
- An unnamed dragon appears in Hobbit verse, said to have had red eyes, black wings and teeth like knives.
In the story Roverandom, white dragons are among the creatures living on the moon. A dragon, called the Great White Dragon, attacks Rover and the moon-dog, and is said to be the origin of all white dragons. In Merlin's time, this dragon had been to the earth, and fought with the Red Dragon in Caerdragon. The Great White Dragon has wings and can breath fire.
Portrayal in adaptations
Portrayal in games
1982-97: Middle-earth Role Playing:
- Apart from the type of dragons created by Tolkien, additional races include Rain-drakes, Light-drakes, Ash Drakes and several others.
- The Dragon, which can have the ability to breathe fire and fly, is a powerful enemy of the Good players. The game also includes the subterranean Cave Drake, a large but agile monster and natural enemy of the Dwarves.
2007-: The Lord of the Rings Online:
- Dragon-kind include several type of drakes: Cold-, Fire- and Shadow-drakes, Fire-worms, Rock-worms, and many more. A related beast is the salamander or eft, a weaker and simpler breed of dragons.
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Leila Keene and Pat Kirke 3 August 1943" (letter); quoted in J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages", "Note on an unpublished letter", pp. 72-73
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Inside Information"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Shadow of the Past"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, "The Hoard"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "Short Glossary of Obsolete, Archaic, and Rare Words", p. 350
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "I-Lam na-Ngoldathon: The Grammar and Lexicon of the Gnomish Tongue", in Parma Eldalamberon XI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), pp. 36, 54, 74
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien; Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond (eds.), Roverandom, "[Chapter] 2"
- ↑ Ruth Sochard Pitt, Jeff O'Hare, Peter C. Fenlon, Jr. (1994), Creatures of Middle-earth (2nd edition) (#2012)
- ↑ Dragon at Games-Workshop.com (accessed 23 September 2011)
- ↑ White Dwarf, issue 371 (November 2010), p. 42
- ↑ "Dragon-kind" at Lord of the Rings Online: Lorebook (accessed 28 October 2010)