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Durin

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| image=[[File:Liz Danforth Durin I.jpg|250px]]
 
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| name=Durin the Deathless
 
| name=Durin the Deathless
| othernames=Durin the Deadless, Father of the Dwarves
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| othernames=Father of the Dwarves
 
| life=[[Years of the Trees]]
 
| life=[[Years of the Trees]]
 
| realm=[[Khazad-dûm]]
 
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'''Durin I''' ([[Years of the Trees]] – [[First Age]]), also known as '''Durin the Deathless''', was the first of the seven [[Fathers of the Dwarves]] to be created by the [[Valar|Vala]] [[Aulë]].  
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'''Durin I''' ([[Years of the Trees]] – [[First Age]]), also known as '''Durin the Deathless''', was the first of the seven [[Fathers of the Dwarves]], the founder of the city of [[Khazad-dûm]], and the first king of the [[Longbeards]].  
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
He was set to sleep under the mountains of [[Middle-earth]] until after the [[Awakening of the Elves]]. Durin awoke at [[Mount Gundabad]] in the [[Misty Mountains]] during the Years of the Trees. He journeyed South through the wild until he came upon [[Kheled-zâram]]. Looking upon mysterious stars set like a crown reflected in its surface, he took this as a sign, and there in the caves above the lake, founded a great city. This was [[Khazad-dûm]], later called [[Moria]], and for many years it was the greatest Dwarven city in Middle-earth.
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Long before the awakening of the [[Elves]] it is said that Aulë, yearning for the [[Children of Ilúvatar]], fashioned the Seven [[Fathers of the Dwarves]] in a hall under the mountains in [[Middle-earth]]. Pleased with his work, Aulë was instructing his creations in the speech he had devised for them when [[Ilúvatar]] rebuked him, pointing out that they were mere counterfeits that would only stand idle without Aulë’s will. Aulë humbled himself before Ilúvatar and prepared to destroy the Dwarves, but at that moment Ilúvatar gave them independent life.  However, Ilúvatar would not suffer their arrival in the world before the Firstborn, so the seven fathers were laid to sleep until after the coming of the [[Elves]].<ref>{{S|Aule}}</ref>
  
Durin was the founder of the [[Longbeards]] house, which became known as [[Durin's folk]].
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Ilúvatar commanded Aulë to lay the sleeping fathers in deep places, each with a mate, save Durin the eldest who had none.<ref>{{L|212}}</ref>  Durin was set to sleep under [[Mount Gundabad]] in the [[Misty Mountains]] during the Years of the Trees.<ref>{{PM|Dwarves}}</ref>  When he awoke he journeyed south through the wild until he came upon [[Kheled-zâram]]. Looking upon mysterious stars set like a crown reflected in its surface, he took this as a sign, and there in the caves above the lake, founded a great city. This was [[Khazad-dûm]], later called [[Moria]], and for many years it was the greatest Dwarven city in Middle-earth.<ref name="Durin">{{App|Durin}}</ref>
  
He lived to a great age even by the measure of the Dwarves, outliving many of his children, until he was known as "The Deathless". However, he was not actually immortal, and died sometime during the First Age.
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Durin was the founder of the [[Longbeards]] house, which became known as [[Durin's folk]].  He lived to a great age even by the measure of the Dwarves until he was known as "The Deathless". However, he was not actually immortal, and died sometime during the First Age.<ref name="Durin"/>
  
The age of Durin has been speculated, however all that can be known for certain is that he was born before {{YT|1250}}<ref name="GA">{{GA|19}}</ref> and died before the end of the [[First Age]].<ref name="DurinApp">{{App|Durin}}</ref> This makes Durin ''at least'' 2,395 years old, about ten-times the lifespan of [[Dwarves]].<ref group="note">Years of the Sun. Each Year of the Tree is equal to 9.582 Years of the Sun, and the Years of the Trees ended in the year 1500. So, 9.582 x 250 = 2,395.</ref>
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The age of Durin has been speculated, however all that can be known for certain is that he was born before {{YT|1250}}<ref name="GA">{{GA|19}}</ref> and died before the end of the [[First Age]].<ref name="Durin"/> This makes Durin ''at least'' 2,395 years old, about ten-times the lifespan of [[Dwarves]].<ref group="note">Years of the Sun. Each Year of the Tree is equal to 9.582 Years of the Sun, and the Years of the Trees ended in the year 1500. So, 9.582 x 250 = 2,395.</ref>
  
The Longbeards believed that Durin would return to them seven times, and in each reincarnation he will again be named Durin and reign as King.  He did have six descendants that were named Durin, all were kings of Durin's folk.
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The Longbeards believed that Durin would return to them seven times, and in each reincarnation he will again be named Durin and reign as King.  He did have six descendants that were named Durin, all were kings of Durin's folk.<ref name="Durin"/>
  
Durin's [[Durin's Axe|axe]] survived him and would become a great heirloom of Durin's folk.
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Durin's [[Durin's Axe|axe]] survived him and would become a great heirloom of Durin's folk. <ref>{{FR|Bridge}}</ref>
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
''Durinn'' is one of the Dwarfs in the ''[[Völuspá|Dvergatal]]''. The name means "Sleepy".<ref>Chester Nathan Gould, "Dwarf-Names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion", published in ''Publications of the Modern Language Association of America'', Vol 44 (1929), issue #4, pp. 939-967</ref>
 
''Durinn'' is one of the Dwarfs in the ''[[Völuspá|Dvergatal]]''. The name means "Sleepy".<ref>Chester Nathan Gould, "Dwarf-Names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion", published in ''Publications of the Modern Language Association of America'', Vol 44 (1929), issue #4, pp. 939-967</ref>

Revision as of 18:50, 19 July 2011

The name Durin refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Durin (disambiguation).
250px
Durin the Deathless
Dwarf
Biographical Information
Other namesFather of the Dwarves
Family
ParentageNone; created by Aulë himself
Physical Description
GenderMale

Durin I (Years of the TreesFirst Age), also known as Durin the Deathless, was the first of the seven Fathers of the Dwarves, the founder of the city of Khazad-dûm, and the first king of the Longbeards.

Contents

History

Long before the awakening of the Elves it is said that Aulë, yearning for the Children of Ilúvatar, fashioned the Seven Fathers of the Dwarves in a hall under the mountains in Middle-earth. Pleased with his work, Aulë was instructing his creations in the speech he had devised for them when Ilúvatar rebuked him, pointing out that they were mere counterfeits that would only stand idle without Aulë’s will. Aulë humbled himself before Ilúvatar and prepared to destroy the Dwarves, but at that moment Ilúvatar gave them independent life. However, Ilúvatar would not suffer their arrival in the world before the Firstborn, so the seven fathers were laid to sleep until after the coming of the Elves.[1]

Ilúvatar commanded Aulë to lay the sleeping fathers in deep places, each with a mate, save Durin the eldest who had none.[2] Durin was set to sleep under Mount Gundabad in the Misty Mountains during the Years of the Trees.[3] When he awoke he journeyed south through the wild until he came upon Kheled-zâram. Looking upon mysterious stars set like a crown reflected in its surface, he took this as a sign, and there in the caves above the lake, founded a great city. This was Khazad-dûm, later called Moria, and for many years it was the greatest Dwarven city in Middle-earth.[4]

Durin was the founder of the Longbeards house, which became known as Durin's folk. He lived to a great age even by the measure of the Dwarves until he was known as "The Deathless". However, he was not actually immortal, and died sometime during the First Age.[4]

The age of Durin has been speculated, however all that can be known for certain is that he was born before Y.T. 1250[5] and died before the end of the First Age.[4] This makes Durin at least 2,395 years old, about ten-times the lifespan of Dwarves.[note 1]

The Longbeards believed that Durin would return to them seven times, and in each reincarnation he will again be named Durin and reign as King. He did have six descendants that were named Durin, all were kings of Durin's folk.[4]

Durin's axe survived him and would become a great heirloom of Durin's folk. [6]

Etymology

Durinn is one of the Dwarfs in the Dvergatal. The name means "Sleepy".[7]

Notes

  1. Years of the Sun. Each Year of the Tree is equal to 9.582 Years of the Sun, and the Years of the Trees ended in the year 1500. So, 9.582 x 250 = 2,395.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Aulë and Yavanna"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 212, (dated 14 October 1958)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §19
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Bridge of Khazad-dûm"
  7. Chester Nathan Gould, "Dwarf-Names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion", published in Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, Vol 44 (1929), issue #4, pp. 939-967
Durin
House of Durin
None
Position created
King of Durin's FolkUnknown
Next known:
Durin II
King of Khazad-dûm