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| name=Dwarves of the Iron Hills
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The '''Dwarves of the Iron Hills''' belonged to the house of the [[Longbeards]], otherwise known as [[Durin's folk]]. About half a millennium before the [[War of the Ring]], the Dwarves of this house dwelt in the northern [[Grey Mountains]], but they were greatly troubled by [[dragons]] in that region. After King [[Dáin I]] was slain by one of these dragons, his surviving sons led an exodus into the east. Dáin's elder son [[Thrór]] recreated the [[Kingdom under the Mountain]] at [[Erebor]], while his younger brother [[Grór]] led a part of the people further into the east, to settle among the [[Iron Hills]].
| image=[[File:Angelo Montanini - Iron Hill Dwarves.jpg|250px]]
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| caption="Iron Hill Dwarves" by Angelo Montanini
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| pronun=
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| othernames=
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| origin=[[Durin's Folk]] who settled in the [[Iron Hills]] in the [[First Age]]<ref name=Relations>{{PM|Relations}}, p. 302</ref>
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| location=[[Iron Hills]]
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| affiliation=
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| rivalry=
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| language=[[Khuzdul]], [[Westron]]
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| members=[[Dáin Ironfoot|Dáin II Ironfoot]], [[Grór]], [[Náin (son of Grór)|Náin]], [[Thorin III Stonehelm]]
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| lifespan=c. 250 years
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| distinctions=Fierce warriors<ref>{{H|Burst}}</ref>, exceedingly strong
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| height=Five feet or less
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| hair=
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| skin=
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| clothing=Well-armoured in combat
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| weapons=Mattocks, short-swords, and broad shields
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}}
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The '''Dwarves of the Iron Hills''' were [[Dwarves]] belonging to the house of the [[Durin's Folk|Longbeards]], otherwise known as [[Durin's Folk]], who lived in the [[Iron Hills]]. They became well-known for making a metal mesh that could be used for making flexible items like leg-coverings.
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==History==
 
===Early history===
 
The [[Durin's Folk|Longbeard]] [[Dwarves]] of [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]] colonized the Iron Hills in the [[First Age]].<ref name=Relations>{{PM|Relations}}, p. 302</ref> The Hills were their primary source of iron-ore.<ref name=Relations>{{PM|Relations}}, p. 302</ref> The [[Old Forest Road|Dwarf-road of Mirkwood]] ran north-east from Khazad-dûm to the Hills for use by dwarf-traders and merchants.<ref>{{PM|XNotes}}, p. 323 (note 30)</ref>
 
  
After [[Sauron]] destroyed [[Eregion]] in the [[Second Age]], the Longbeards sealed Khazad-dûm and Orcs took control of the northern Misty Mountains and the Grey Mountains. This ended communication between the Iron Hills and Khazad-dûm for some time.<ref>{{PM|Relations}}, p. 306</ref>
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The Dwarves became strong and prosperous in their new home.  And becoming the greatest realm of the North after the sacking of Erebor.  They became well-known for making a metal mesh that could be used for making flexible items like leg-coverings.  But more than anything these Dwarves became such a strong people that they were the only realm capable of stopping [[Sauron]] from attacking [[Rivendell]] and taking back the lands of [[Angmar]].
  
After the fall of [[Khazad-dûm]] in {{TA|1981}}, many dwarves fleeing the [[Balrog]] wandered as far as the [[Iron Hills]], bolstering its population.<ref>{{PM|Third}}</ref>
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These Dwarves of Durin's folk were known for being some of the most fierce and elite of all Dwarf armies.  Their main weapon of choice seemed to have been the mattocks, though they also carried a short broad sword with a round shield.
  
=== Third Age===
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Not much is said on whom were enemies of these dwarves, but it seems likely that the [[Easterlings]] were one of them, since their empire was near and around the Iron Hills, and possibly Dragons. Considering they lived in the wastes to the North.  
====Founding of Grór's Realm====
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In the Third Age, many Longboard Dwarves lived in the [[Grey Mountains]], but they were greatly troubled by [[Dragons]] in that region. After King [[Dáin I]] was slain by one of these dragons, his surviving sons led an exodus into the east. Dáin's elder son [[Thrór]] recreated the [[Kingdom under the Mountain]] at [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]], while his younger brother [[Grór]] led a part of the people further into the east to join their kindred living in the [[Iron Hills]].
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Grór settled in the Iron Hills in the year {{TA|2590}} and became [[Lord of the Iron Hills]]. During his reign, the realm became the strongest in the North, being the only realm standing between [[Sauron]] and his plans to destroy [[Rivendell]] and taking back the lands of [[Angmar]].<ref>{{App|Durin}}</ref> Also, following the [[Sack of Erebor]] many of Durin's folk fleeing from [[Smaug]] and those wandering in exile, except for [[Thrór]] and his small company of family and followers, came to the Iron Hills, bolstering their numbers.
 
  
====War of the Dwarves and Orcs====
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== War of the Dwarves and Orcs ==
During the [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]], many Dwarves from the Iron Hills fought several battles, but they are mostly remembered from the [[Battle of Azanulbizar]] in the year {{TA|2799}}. [[Náin son of Grór|Naín]] and his army came to the battle in the most crucial moment when the main Dwarven army was being decimated by the great host of Orcs. With these fresh reinforcements,  the Dwarves were able to route and destroy their opponents, fighting their way all up to the steps of the [[Great Gates|East-gate]] of [[Moria]]. There, Nain duelled with [[Azog]], the [[Orcs|Orc]] commander, resulting in his death. Later in the battle, [[Dáin Ironfoot|Dáin II Ironfoot]] killed Azog out of vengeance for his father, achieving recognition because he was very young for dwarven standards. After this battle, Dain led his Dwarves back to the Iron Hills.
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====Dáin's Reign====
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During the [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]] many Dwarves from the Iron Hills fought in the war, especially in the [[Battle of Azanulbizar]] in the year 2799.  The Dwarves of the Iron Hills came to the battle in the most crucial moment, when the main Dwarf army was being decimated by the great host of Orcs.  With these fresh reinforcments,  the Dwarves were able to route and destroy the Orcs.  Among those killed was their leader [[Azog]], who was slain by (later king) Dáin Ironfoot out of vengeance for his father whom the great orc had killed earlier on in the battle.
Grór ruled the Dwarves of the Iron Hills for 215 years, and he died in {{TA|2805}} at 241 years of age. [[Dáin Ironfoot]] became the next Lord of the Iron Hills.  
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Years later, Dáin's cousin [[Thorin]] attempted to restore the kingdom at Erebor, but he was trapped by the [[Elves of Mirkwood]] and [[Northmen]] of [[Lake-town|Esgaroth]] and sent to the Iron Hills for aid. Dáin arrived with 500 armoured Dwarves and as events developed, the Dwarves of the Iron Hills proved crucial in winning the ensuing [[Battle of Five Armies]] against the [[Orcs of the Misty Mountains]]. Thorin died in that battle, and with him the royal line of [[Thrór]]. Through his ancestor Grór, the Kingship of Durin's Folk then fell on Dáin. Dáin II Ironfoot removed from the Iron Hills and re-established a kingdom under the [[Lonely Mountain]].  
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After the coming of Smaug, most of the survivors of his attack went to the Iron Hills, except for [[Thrór]] and his small company of family and followers, who thought that they were the only survivors of the attack.
  
{{references}}
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The two Dwarven peoples remained on friendly terms with one another. Years later, when Thrór's descendant [[Thorin Oakenshield]] sent to the Iron Hills for aid in restoring Erebor, Grór's grandson [[Dáin II Ironfoot]] (named after his illustrious ancestor Dáin I) sent many armoured Dwarves. As events developed, the Dwarves of the Iron Hills proved crucial in winning the ensuing [[Battle of Five Armies]]. Thorin died in that battle, and with him the royal line of [[Thrór]]. Through his ancestor Grór, the Kingship of Durin's Folk then fell on Dáin. As [[Dáin II Ironfoot]], he removed from the Iron Hills, and re-established a kingdom under the [[Lonely Mountain]].
  
[[Category:Dwarven peoples]]
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It is possible, though not canonical, that the Dwarves from the Iron Hills, fought in the [[Battle of Dale]] against the Easterlings during the [[War of the Ring]], but Tolkien never stated that they specifically did.
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== Sources ==
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*[[Appendix A]]
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*[[Unfinished Tales]]
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*[[The Peoples of Middle Earth]]
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[[Category:Dwarves]]
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[[Category:Longbeards]]
 
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