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Eärendur (King of Arnor)

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'''Eärendur''' was the tenth and last of the Kings of [[Arnor]], the son of [[Elendur]]. After his death, his three sons divided the kingdom. His eldest son and rightful heir, [[Amlaith]] of [[Fornost]], became the first King of [[Arthedain]].
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{{disambig-more|Eärendur|[[Eärendur (disambiguation)]]}}
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{{arnorian
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| image=
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| name=Eärendur
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| othernames=
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| position=[[King of Arnor]]
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| birth={{TA|640}}
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| rule={{TA|777}} - {{TA|861|n}}
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| death=221 years, {{TA|861}}
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| gender=
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| parentage=[[Elendur (King of Arnor)|Elendur]]
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| spouse=
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| children=[[Amlaith]], [[Kings of Rhudaur|1st King of Rhudaur]], [[Kings of Cardolan|1st King of Cardolan]]
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|}}
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'''Eärendur''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[ˌe.aˈrendur]}}; {{TA|640}}<ref>{{PM|Elendil}}, p. 193</ref> - {{TA|861}},<ref name="North">{{App|North}}</ref> died aged 221) was the tenth and last [[King of Arnor]].
  
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==History==
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Eärendur succeeded his father [[Elendur (King of Arnor)|Elendur]] on his death in {{TA|777}}. Eärendur's rule was uneventful, but he was the tenth and last [[King of Arnor]] due to dissension amongst his sons.
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After his death in {{TA|861|n}}, probably due to jealousy on the part of the two younger sons, his three sons split [[Arnor]] into three separate kingdoms: [[Arthedain]], [[Cardolan]] and [[Rhudaur]].
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His eldest son and rightful heir, [[Amlaith]] of [[Fornost]], became the first [[King of Arthedain]], and it was through Amlaith and his heirs that the line of Isildur endured whilst the line of kings of Rhudaur and Cardolan failed - [[Aragorn|Aragorn II]] was a direct descendent of Amlaith, and it wasn't until [[Aragorn]] became king that Arnor was finally reunified.<ref>{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
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== Etymology==
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Eärendur is a [[Quenya]] name meaning "Servant of the Sea", and is a combination of the word ''[[Eär|ëar]]'' meaning "sea", and the suffix ''[[Ndur|-ndur]]'' meaning "devotion to, friend of". It is unlikely that Eärendur himself was devoted to the sea: it is more likely that he was named after one of the two previous [[Eärendur (disambiguation)|Eärendur]]s.
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==Genealogy==
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree | | | | |ISI| | | | |ISI=[[Isildur]]}}
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{{familytree | | | | | |:| | | | | |}}
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{{familytree | | | | |ELE| | | | |ELE=[[Elendur (King of Arnor)|Elendur]]}}
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{{familytree | | | | | |!| | | | | |}}
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{{familytree | | | | |EAR| | | | |EAR='''EÄRENDUR'''}}
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{{familytree | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| |}}
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{{familytree |AML| |CRD| |RHU|AML=[[Amlaith]]|CRD=[[Kings of Cardolan]]|RHU=[[Kings of Rhudaur]]}}
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{{familytree | |!| | | | | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree |KOA| | | | | | | | |KOA=[[Kings of Arthedain]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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{{references}}
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{{Sequence
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|prev=[[Elendur (King of Arnor)|Elendur]]
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|next=<i>Title dissolved</i>
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|list=10th [[King of Arnor]]<br>{{TA|777}} - {{TA|861|n}}
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|}}{{northernline}}
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{{title}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
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[[Category:House of Isildur]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Arnor]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Arnor]]
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[[de:Earendur (König von Arnor)]]
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[[fr:encyclo:personnages:hommes:3a:dunedain:dunedain_du_nord:earendur]]
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[[fi:Eärendur (Arnorin kuningas)]]

Revision as of 21:58, 19 October 2012

The name Eärendur refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Eärendur (disambiguation).
Eärendur
Arnorian
Biographical Information
PositionKing of Arnor
BirthT.A. 640
RuleT.A. 777 - 861
Death221 years, T.A. 861
Family
ParentageElendur
ChildrenAmlaith, 1st King of Rhudaur, 1st King of Cardolan

Eärendur (Q, pron. [ˌe.aˈrendur]; T.A. 640[1] - T.A. 861,[2] died aged 221) was the tenth and last King of Arnor.

History

Eärendur succeeded his father Elendur on his death in T.A. 777. Eärendur's rule was uneventful, but he was the tenth and last King of Arnor due to dissension amongst his sons.

After his death in 861, probably due to jealousy on the part of the two younger sons, his three sons split Arnor into three separate kingdoms: Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur.

His eldest son and rightful heir, Amlaith of Fornost, became the first King of Arthedain, and it was through Amlaith and his heirs that the line of Isildur endured whilst the line of kings of Rhudaur and Cardolan failed - Aragorn II was a direct descendent of Amlaith, and it wasn't until Aragorn became king that Arnor was finally reunified.[3]

Etymology

Eärendur is a Quenya name meaning "Servant of the Sea", and is a combination of the word ëar meaning "sea", and the suffix -ndur meaning "devotion to, friend of". It is unlikely that Eärendur himself was devoted to the sea: it is more likely that he was named after one of the two previous Eärendurs.

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
Isildur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elendur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EÄRENDUR
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amlaith
 
Kings of Cardolan
 
Kings of Rhudaur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kings of Arthedain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil", p. 193
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Northern Line: Heirs of Isildur"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
Preceded by:
Elendur
10th King of Arnor
T.A. 777 - 861
Followed by:
Title dissolved