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Eärnil II

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In 1945 [[Third Age]] he was elected as the thity-second King of [[Gondor]] after his predecessor, King [[Ondoher]], was slain in battle. In the previous year a two-pronged attack had been launched upon Gondor by the [[Haradrim]] and the [[Wainriders]]. In response, King Ondoher led the main army north to counter the Easterling invasion at [[Dagorlad]] and was defeated. Eärnil was commander of Gondor's southern army and guarded [[Pelargir]].
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{{disambig-two|the penultimate [[Kings of Gondor|King]] of [[Gondor]]|earlier [[Ship-king]]|[[Eärnil I]]}}
Eärnil led his army to the Crossings of the [[Poros]] were he won a astounding victory over the Haradrim. This enabled him to turn his attention to the invading Wainriders.
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{{gondorian infobox
The Wainriders, certain of victory, were celebrating their success before they would enter [[Minas Anor]]. They were unaware of Eärnil's victory in the south and were taken by surprise when Eärnil suddenly attacked them. As a result Eärnil won the [[Battle of the Camp]].
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| image=
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| name=Eärnil II
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| othernames=
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| titles=[[Kings of Gondor|King of Gondor]]
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| position=
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| location=[[Gondor]]
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| affiliation=
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| language=[[Westron]]
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| birth={{TA|1883}}
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| birthlocation=
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| rule={{TA|1945}} - {{TA|2043|n}} (98 years)
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| death={{TA|2043}}
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| deathlocation=
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| age=160
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| house=[[House of Anárion]]
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| parentage=[[Siriondil (son of Calimmacil)|Siriondil]]
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| siblings=
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| spouse=
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| children=[[Eärnur]]
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| gender=Male
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| height=
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| hair=
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| eyes=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}
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'''Eärnil II''' ([[Quenya|Q]]: contracted form of [[Eärendil]]{{fact}}, pron. {{IPA|[eˈarnil]}}; {{TA|1883}}<ref>{{PM|Elendil}}, Eärnil II</ref> – {{TA|2043|n}},<ref name="South">{{App|South}}</ref> aged 160 years) was selected as the thirty-second King of [[Gondor]] after his predecessor, King [[Ondoher]], was slain in battle.  
  
After the threat was eliminated Gondor's attention shifted towards [[Steward of Gondor|Steward]] [[Pelendur]] and the Council of Gondor, for King Ondoher along with his two sons were slain at [[Dagorlad]]. Both he and prince [[Arvedui]] of [[Arthedain]] (sucessor state of [[Arnor]]) claimed the throne. Arvedui based his claim on that he was the direct descendant of [[Isildur]] (second High King of [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]] and uncle to [[Meneldil]] first King of [[Gondor]]), and as the husband of [[Fíriel]], only surviving child of King Ondoher. but Eärnil was elected king for his deeds, heritage, and because the Steward, Pelendur, claimed that "The crown and royalty of Gondor belongs solely to the heirs of Meneldil, son of [[Anárion]], to whom Isildur relinquished this realm. In Gondor this heritage is reckoned through the sons only; and we have not heard that the law is otherwise in Arnor". He reigned as Eärnil II.
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==History==
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===Military Exploits===
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By the year {{TA|1944}} King Ondoher had been warned by [[Forthwini]] of [[Éothéod]] that the [[Wainriders]] of [[Rhovanion]] were becoming strong again and planned an attack upon [[Gondor]].  The king was also aware that his enemies to the South were preparing for war and so he knew that the realm faced a double threat.  Ondoher split Gondor's army in two and assigned the smaller southern force to Eärnil, who made his base at [[Pelargir]].
  
Aside from being a gifted general Eärnil also was a wise ruler.
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On the ninth of [[Cermië]] in 1944 Eärnil received word that the southern enemies were on the move. He crossed the [[Anduin]] with half of his force and encamped forty miles north of the Fords of the [[Poros]].<ref name="Cirion">{{UT|Cirion}}</ref>  Here he defeated and destroyed the army of [[Harad]] that came over the river,<ref name="Gondor">{{App|Gondor}}</ref> but received word of the disaster in the north from [[Adrahil]] of [[Dol Amroth]].<ref name="Cirion"/>  King Ondoher, his two sons, and his Right Wing commander had all died and Adrahil was left with few effective forces.  Hastening north, Eärnil added what he could of the retreating northern army to his own forces and stormed the main camp of the Wainriders. After winning what they thought was an easy and complete victory the enemy forces were feasting and revelling.  Eärnil torched their wains and drove the enemy out of [[Ithilien]].  Fleeing from the [[Battle of the Camp]], most of the Wainriders perished in the [[Dead Marshes]].<ref name="Gondor"/>
He sent messages to Arvedui announcing that he received the crown of Gondor, according to the laws and theneeds of the [[South-Kingdom]], "but I do not forget the royalty of [[Arnor]], nor deny our kinship, nor wish that the [[realms]] of [[Elendil]] be estranged. I will send to your aid when you have need, so far as I am able.". And at last in the autumn of 1973 Third Age, messages came to Gondor that Arthedain was in great trouble, and that the [[Witch-King]] of [[Angmar]] was preparing a final stroke against it. Then Eärnil sent his son [[Eärnur]] north with a fleet, as swiftly as he coud, and with as great a strength as he could spare to aid Arvedui (now king). Eärnur arrived too late to save Arthedain and Arvedui who had fled north (and was drowned in te Ice Bay of [[Forochel]]) but manage to defeated the witch-kingdom of [[Angmar]] in the [[Battle of Fornost]]with the help of [[Círdan]] Lord of [[Lindon]] and [[Glorfindel]] with an army from [[Rivendell]]. There Eärnur earned the hatred of the [[Witch-king of Angmar|Witch-king]].
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However, Eärnil was not able to withstand the takeover of [[Minas Ithil]] by the Ringwraiths. Minas Anor was renamed [[Minas Tirith]] (Tower of Guard)
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===Ascension to the Crown===
and Minas Ithil was called [[Minas Morgul]] (tower of sorcery).
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The loss of Ondoher, his sons [[Artamir]] and [[Faramir (son of Ondoher)|Faramir]], and the King's sister-son [[Minohtar]] left Gondor with the question of who should succeed to the throne. In {{TA|1940}} [[Arvedui]] of [[Arthedain]] had wedded [[Fíriel]], Ondoher's third child and daughter.  Based on this relationship and his direct descent from [[Isildur]], the elder brother of [[Anárion]] and thus the heir of [[Elendil]], the ancient High King of all of the [[Dúnedain]], Arvedui made a claim for the throne of Gondor.<ref name="Gondor"/>
  
Eärnil died in 2043 Third Age and was succeeded by his son Eärnur, who was as good a general as his father but lacked his wisdom.
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However, to the men of Gondor the realm of Arthedain seemed small.  Led by the [[Steward of Gondor|Steward]] [[Pelendur]] the [[Council of Gondor]] awarded the Kingship to Eärnil, who ascended to the throne as Eärnil II in {{TA|1945|n}}.<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>  Yet Eärnil was a wise man and not arrogant, and he sent a message to Arvedui stating, "I do not forget the loyalty of [[Arnor]], nor deny our kinship, nor wish that the realms of Elendil should be estranged.  I will send you aid when you have need, so far as I am able."<ref name="Gondor"/>
  
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===Aid for the North===
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It was many years before Eärnil felt secure enough to send aid to Arthedain.  At last in the autumn of {{TA|1973|n}} word arrived that Arthedain was about to be attacked by the [[Witch-king]] of [[Angmar]].  Eärnil sent his son [[Eärnur]] north with a fleet and as much strength as he could spare.  However, by the time that they arrived Arthedain had been conquered and Arvedui had perished.  The strength of Gondor, combined with the forces of [[Círdan]], met the host of Angmar and destroyed it.  Yet the Witch-king himself did not perish, and riding upon Eärnur he humiliated the prince when his horse carried him away from the confrontation.<ref name="Gondor"/>
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===The Loss of Minas Ithil===
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Unbeknownst to Eärnil or his son, the Witch-king was the Lord of the [[Nazgûl]].  In {{TA|1980}} he entered [[Mordor]] and gathered the other Nazgûl to him.  In {{TA|2000|n}} the Nazgûl led an army from Mordor that besieged [[Minas Ithil]].  Eärnil and the army of Gondor could not lift the siege, and in {{TA|2002|n}} they took the city,<ref name="TA"/> which was called [[Minas Morgul]], the "Tower of Sorcery", thereafter (and Minas Anor was renamed [[Minas Tirith]], the "Tower of the Guard").<ref name="Gondor"/>
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Eärnil died in {{TA|2043}} and was succeeded by his son Eärnur, who would be the last king of the line of Anárion.<ref name="South"/>
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==Other names==
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Eärnil was named '''Captain of the Southern Army''', after having been assigned the southern force of Gondor's army.{{fact}}
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== Genealogy ==
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | |TLU| | | | | | | | |TLU=[[Telumehtar Umbardacil|Telumehtar]]<br/>Umbardacil}}
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{{familytree| | | | | |,|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|^|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|.| |}}
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{{familytree| | | | |NAR| | | | | | | | | | | | | |ARC|NAR=[[Narmacil II]]|ARC=[[Arciryas]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | | |!| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree| | | | |CAL| | | | | | | | | | | | | |CMM|CAL=[[Calimehtar (King of Gondor)|Calimehtar]]|CMM=[[Calimmacil]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | | |)|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|.| | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree| | | | |OND| | | | | |ARA| |SIS| |SIR|OND=[[Ondoher]] †|ARA=[[Araphant]]|SIS=Sister|SIR=[[Siriondil (son of Calimmacil)|Siriondil]]}}
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{{familytree| |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| | | |!| | | |!| | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree|ART| |FAR| |FIR|~|ARV| |MIN| |EAR|ART=[[Artamir]] †|FAR=[[Faramir (son of Ondoher)|Faramir]] †|FIR=[[Fíriel]]|ARV=[[Arvedui]]|MIN=[[Minohtar]] †|EAR='''EÄRNIL II'''}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |ENR|ENR=[[Eärnur]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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{{references}}
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{{seq-start}}
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{{seq-head
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| race=gondorian
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| house=[[House of Anárion]]
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| born={{TA|1883}}
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| died={{TA|2043}}
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}}
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{{seq
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| pvac=Vacant
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| prev=Last held by:<br/>'''[[Ondoher]]''', 1 year earlier
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| list=32nd [[Kings of Gondor|King of Gondor]]
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| dates={{TA|1945}} - {{TA|2043|n}}
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| next=[[Eärnur]]
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}}
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{{seq-end}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
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[[Category:Gondorians]]
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[[Category:House of Anárion]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Gondor]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Gondor]]
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[[de:Earnil II.]]
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[[fr:encyclo:personnages:hommes:3a:dunedain:gondoriens:earnil_ii]]
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[[fi:Eärnil II]]

Revision as of 19:46, 11 January 2013

This article is about the penultimate King of Gondor. For the earlier Ship-king, see Eärnil I.
Eärnil II
Gondorian
Biographical Information
TitlesKing of Gondor
LocationGondor
LanguageWestron
BirthT.A. 1883
RuleT.A. 1945 - 2043 (98 years)
DeathT.A. 2043 (aged 160)
Family
HouseHouse of Anárion
ParentageSiriondil
ChildrenEärnur
Physical Description
GenderMale

Eärnil II (Q: contracted form of Eärendil[source?], pron. [eˈarnil]; T.A. 1883[1]2043,[2] aged 160 years) was selected as the thirty-second King of Gondor after his predecessor, King Ondoher, was slain in battle.

Contents

History

Military Exploits

By the year T.A. 1944 King Ondoher had been warned by Forthwini of Éothéod that the Wainriders of Rhovanion were becoming strong again and planned an attack upon Gondor. The king was also aware that his enemies to the South were preparing for war and so he knew that the realm faced a double threat. Ondoher split Gondor's army in two and assigned the smaller southern force to Eärnil, who made his base at Pelargir.

On the ninth of Cermië in 1944 Eärnil received word that the southern enemies were on the move. He crossed the Anduin with half of his force and encamped forty miles north of the Fords of the Poros.[3] Here he defeated and destroyed the army of Harad that came over the river,[4] but received word of the disaster in the north from Adrahil of Dol Amroth.[3] King Ondoher, his two sons, and his Right Wing commander had all died and Adrahil was left with few effective forces. Hastening north, Eärnil added what he could of the retreating northern army to his own forces and stormed the main camp of the Wainriders. After winning what they thought was an easy and complete victory the enemy forces were feasting and revelling. Eärnil torched their wains and drove the enemy out of Ithilien. Fleeing from the Battle of the Camp, most of the Wainriders perished in the Dead Marshes.[4]

Ascension to the Crown

The loss of Ondoher, his sons Artamir and Faramir, and the King's sister-son Minohtar left Gondor with the question of who should succeed to the throne. In T.A. 1940 Arvedui of Arthedain had wedded Fíriel, Ondoher's third child and daughter. Based on this relationship and his direct descent from Isildur, the elder brother of Anárion and thus the heir of Elendil, the ancient High King of all of the Dúnedain, Arvedui made a claim for the throne of Gondor.[4]

However, to the men of Gondor the realm of Arthedain seemed small. Led by the Steward Pelendur the Council of Gondor awarded the Kingship to Eärnil, who ascended to the throne as Eärnil II in 1945.[5] Yet Eärnil was a wise man and not arrogant, and he sent a message to Arvedui stating, "I do not forget the loyalty of Arnor, nor deny our kinship, nor wish that the realms of Elendil should be estranged. I will send you aid when you have need, so far as I am able."[4]

Aid for the North

It was many years before Eärnil felt secure enough to send aid to Arthedain. At last in the autumn of 1973 word arrived that Arthedain was about to be attacked by the Witch-king of Angmar. Eärnil sent his son Eärnur north with a fleet and as much strength as he could spare. However, by the time that they arrived Arthedain had been conquered and Arvedui had perished. The strength of Gondor, combined with the forces of Círdan, met the host of Angmar and destroyed it. Yet the Witch-king himself did not perish, and riding upon Eärnur he humiliated the prince when his horse carried him away from the confrontation.[4]

The Loss of Minas Ithil

Unbeknownst to Eärnil or his son, the Witch-king was the Lord of the Nazgûl. In T.A. 1980 he entered Mordor and gathered the other Nazgûl to him. In 2000 the Nazgûl led an army from Mordor that besieged Minas Ithil. Eärnil and the army of Gondor could not lift the siege, and in 2002 they took the city,[5] which was called Minas Morgul, the "Tower of Sorcery", thereafter (and Minas Anor was renamed Minas Tirith, the "Tower of the Guard").[4]

Eärnil died in T.A. 2043 and was succeeded by his son Eärnur, who would be the last king of the line of Anárion.[2]

Other names

Eärnil was named Captain of the Southern Army, after having been assigned the southern force of Gondor's army.[source?]

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Telumehtar
Umbardacil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narmacil II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arciryas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Calimehtar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Calimmacil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ondoher
 
 
 
 
 
Araphant
 
Sister
 
Siriondil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Artamir
 
Faramir
 
Fíriel
 
Arvedui
 
Minohtar
 
EÄRNIL II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eärnur


References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil", Eärnil II
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
Eärnil II
House of Anárion
Born: T.A. 1883 Died: T.A. 2043
Vacant
Last held by:
Ondoher, 1 year earlier
32nd King of Gondor
T.A. 1945 - 2043
Followed by:
Eärnur