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Eilenach

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'''Eilenach''' was the second of the seven beacon-hills of [[Gondor]], after [[Amon Dîn]] in the east, it lay in the [[Drúadan Forest]]. Following is an article from the [http://www.quicksilver899.com/Tolkien/Tolkien_Dictionary.html Tolkien Linguistic Dictionary] concerning its name:
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[[Image:Matěj Čadil - Eilenach.jpg|thumb|''Eilenach'' by [[Matěj Čadil]]]]
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'''Eilenach''' was the second of the seven beacon-hills of [[Gondor]], after [[Amon Dîn]] in the east, and it was the highest point of the [[Drúadan Forest]]. It had a sharp summit, incapable of sustaining a large fire. Its main purpose was to relay the fire of Amon Dîn to [[Nardol]].<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}</ref><ref name=VT42/><ref name=RC/>
  
:'''Eilenach''' — said to be 'pre-Númenórean' or M; ?''Fire Tooth''; [perhaps the most researched Tolkien term by this author]; little is known of this beacon except that it is closely related etymologically to '''Halifirien''', which was once called ''Eilenear''; Halifirien ['holy mountain'] was a religious site of old, and further sanctified by the secret entombing of Isildur; the name could relate loosely to the Elvish '''3EL'''- sky, Nol ''elle'', ''eilian'' [Etym], and '''AK'''- narrow, confined [Etym] - ''narrow sky'', as the hill rose steeply out of the midst of the Druadan Forest; relating ''eilen''- to AS ''halig'' 'holy', it might point back to Old Norse ''heilag''; it would seem, however, that the term relates more closely to modern 'heal(-ing)', of similar derivation as 'holy'; the AS was ''hælan'', Old Saxon ''helian'', German ''heilen'' [see Old Norse ''heill'', ''heilan'' healing]; perhaps distantly related is the Greek ''ailin'' dirge; also possible is AS ''æling'' burning, perhaps here relating to funeral pyres; Gaelic ''eilean'' means an 'island' [above the forest cover?], Early Irish ''ailén'' [Gaelic ''ail'' = rock, stone]; -''nach'' could relate to Middle Dutch ''nocke'' summit, Middle English ''nocke'', from a root *''hnukk''- 'sharp projection, tip', or may be an adjectival or agental suffix in Gaelic: ?'The Rock (place)'; one of the beacon hills of Gondor, although the summit was said to be too small for a large fire.
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On the night of [[7 March]] {{TA|3019}} [[Gandalf]] and [[Peregrin Took|Pippin]], riding east on [[Shadowfax]], saw the beacons being lit to call for aid from [[Rohan]].<ref>{{RK|V1}}</ref>
  
[[Category:Beacons of Gondor]]
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==Etymology==
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On the origin of the name, [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] wrote ''Eilenach'' is "probably an alien name, not [[Sindarin]], not [[Númenor|Númenórean]], or [[Westron|Common speech]]."<ref name=VT42>{{VT|42a}}, p. 19</ref><ref name=RC>{{HM|RC}}, p. 510</ref> Perhaps it was [[pre-Númenórean]].
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{{references}}
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{{beacons}}
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[[Category:Mannish words]]
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[[Category:White Mountains]]
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[[de:Eilenach]]
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[[fr:encyclo:geographie:reliefs:montagnes_blanches:eilenach]]
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[[fi:Eilenach]]

Revision as of 00:26, 20 October 2012

Eilenach by Matěj Čadil

Eilenach was the second of the seven beacon-hills of Gondor, after Amon Dîn in the east, and it was the highest point of the Drúadan Forest. It had a sharp summit, incapable of sustaining a large fire. Its main purpose was to relay the fire of Amon Dîn to Nardol.[1][2][3]

On the night of 7 March T.A. 3019 Gandalf and Pippin, riding east on Shadowfax, saw the beacons being lit to call for aid from Rohan.[4]

Etymology

On the origin of the name, Tolkien wrote Eilenach is "probably an alien name, not Sindarin, not Númenórean, or Common speech."[2][3] Perhaps it was pre-Númenórean.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 19
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 510
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
Beacons of Gondor
Amon Dîn · Eilenach · Nardol · Erelas · Min-Rimmon · Calenhad · Halifirien