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Eldacar (King of Gondor)

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{{youmay|Eldacar of Gondor|[[Eldacar of Arnor]]}}
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{{gondorian
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{{disambig-more|Eldacar|[[Eldacar (disambiguation)]]}}
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{{gondorian infobox
 
| image=
 
| image=
 
| name=Eldacar
 
| name=Eldacar
| othernames=[[Vinitharya]]
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| othernames=''[[Vinitharya]]''
| position=[[King of Gondor]]
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| titles=[[Kings of Gondor|King of Gondor]]
| birth=[[Third Age 1255|T.A. 1255]]
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| position=
| rule=[[Third Age 1432|T.A. 1304]] - [[Third Age 1490|T.A. 1490]]
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| location=[[Gondor]]
| death=[[Third Age 1490|T.A. 1490]], aged 235 years
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| affiliation=
| gender=Male
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| language=[[Westron]]
| parentage=[[Valacar]], [[Vidumavi]]
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| birth={{TA|1255}}
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| birthlocation=[[Rhovanion (Realm)|Rhovanion]]
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| rule={{TA|1432}} - {{TA|1437|n}}<br/>{{TA|1447}} - {{TA|1490|n}}
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| death={{TA|1490}}
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| deathlocation=
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| age=235
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| house=[[House of Anárion]]
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| parentage=[[Valacar]] and [[Vidumavi]]
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| siblings=
 
| spouse=
 
| spouse=
| children=[[Ornendil]], [[Aldamir]]
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| children=[[Ornendil]] and [[Aldamir]]
| ref=
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| gender=Male
|}}
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| height=
'''Eldacar''' ([[Third Age]] 1255 – 1490, aged 235 years) was the twenty-first King of [[Gondor]] and the son of [[Valacar]] and [[Vidumavi]] and born with the name '''Vinitharya'''.
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}}
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'''Eldacar''' ({{TA|1255}}<ref>{{PM|Elendil}}</ref> {{TA|1490|n}},<ref>{{App|South}}</ref> aged 235 years) was the twenty-first King of [[Gondor]].  He was the son of [[Valacar]] and [[Vidumavi]] and born with the name '''[[Vinitharya]]'''.
  
His reign saw the already lingering unrest explode, for he was the son of princess Vidumavi, a daughter of the Northmen King Vidugavia, a lesser [[Men|Man]].
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==History==
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Eldacar's father Valacar had gone to live among the [[Northmen]] of King [[Vidugavia]]'s realm in {{TA|1250}}.  While there Valacar fell in love with and married the King's daughter, princess Vidumavi.  Their son, named Vinitharya, would later be called Eldacar.<ref name="Gondor">{{App|Gondor}}</ref>  In {{TA|1260|n}} Valacar brought his family and a household of noble Northmen back to Gondor.<ref>{{PM|Ai}}</ref>
  
After ascending the throne in Third Age 1432 he reigned for five years when he was deposed and driven from [[Osgiliath]] into exile to [[Rhovanion]] by his far relative [[Castamir]] "The Usurper" in a civil war called the [[Kin-strife]].
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The high men of [[Gondor]] frowned upon Valacar's marriage to a woman of alien and [[Middle Men|"lesser" race]] for they feared that Vidumavi's descendants would prove short-lived.  As Valacar grew old rebellion smouldered in the southern fiefs of Gondor since many refused to accept Eldacar as their upcoming lord.  When Eldacar succeeded his father in {{TA|1432}} full civil war erupted, called the [[Kin-strife]].<ref name="Gondor"/>
  
While being in exile he slowly gathered support from the [[Northmen]] and the [[Dúnedain]] from the northern parts of Gondor (who hated Castamir for executing [[Ornendil]], Eldacar's firstborn son).
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Eldacar showed no sign of more rapid aging than any of the [[Dúnedain]] and displayed fearlessness in opposing those who sought to depose him.  However, the rebels came against him in great strength and lay a siege that laid waste  to [[Osgiliath]] (and caused the loss of the ''[[Osgiliath-stone|palantír]]'' kept in the Tower of the Stone). As Eldacar fled the city to [[Rhovanion]] a distant relative named [[Castamir]] claimed his throne and had Eldacar's son [[Ornendil]] put to death.
  
In 1447 he marched south with his army and slew Castamir personally at the [[Battle of Erui]]. But Castamir's sons escaped and Gondor's purest blood was spilt. He besieged [[Pelargir]] where Castamir's sons held out the last resistance. Eldacar had no ships at his disposal (for Castamir was the Lord of Ships of Gondor) and Castamir's sons finally fled to the [[Haven of Umbar]].
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Eldacar gathered together his kinsfold in Rhovanion, those Northmen who had served Gondor, and many of the Dúnedain from the northern parts of Gondor.  After ten years of exile Eldacar led a great army to reclaim his Kingship.  His forces were augmented by the people of [[Calenardhon]], [[Anórien]], and [[Ithilien]]. In this he was aided by the cruelty and lack of generosity of Castamir, and by Castamir's disdain for the land with his plan to remove the seat of the King to [[Pelargir]]. The [[Battle of the Crossings of Erui|greatest clash]] during Eldacar's return took place at the [[Crossings of Erui]].
  
Eldacar reigned until 1490 and was succeeded by his second son [[Aldamir]].
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Although Eldacar himself avenged his son Ornendil by slaying Castamir, the sons of the Usurper escaped from the battle and held out at Pelargir. Gathering the remainder of their forces these sons then sailed to [[Umbar]] which then became a refuge for all enemies of the King. The independent lordship of Umbar would remain at war with Gondor for generations, a constant threat to its coastlines and sea traffic.
{{sequence
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|prev=[[Castamir|Castamir "The Usurper"]]
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  |next=[[Aldamir]]
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  |list=22nd [[King of Gondor]]<br><code>III</code> 1432 – 1437<br>([[Kin-strife]])<br><code>III</code> 1447 – 1490
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}}
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[[Category:Dúnedain]]
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Eldacar lived for 235 years, which showed that his mother's lineage had not diminished his lifespan as feared.  Eventually he was succeeded by his younger son [[Aldamir]].<ref name="Gondor"/>
[[Category:Rulers of Gondor]]
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[[Category:Characters]]
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== Genealogy ==
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | |CAL| | |CAL=[[Calmacil (King of Gondor)|Calmacil]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | | |,|-|^|-|.| |}}
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{{familytree|VDG| |MIN| |CLM|VDG=[[Vidugavia]]|MIN=[[Rómendacil II]]|CLM=[[Calimehtar (son of Calmacil)|Calimehtar]]}}
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{{familytree| |!| | | |!| | | |:| |}}
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{{familytree|VID|y|VAL| | |:| |VID=[[Vidumavi]]|VAL=[[Valacar]]}}
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{{familytree| | | |!| | | | | |:| |}}
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{{familytree| | |VIN| | | |CAS|VIN='''ELDACAR'''|CAS=[[Castamir]]}}
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{{familytree| |,|-|^|-|.| | | | | |}}
 +
{{familytree|ORN| |ALD| | | | | |ORN=[[Ornendil]]|ALD=[[Aldamir]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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 +
==Etymology==
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''Eldacar'' contains the [[Quenya]] words ''[[Elda]] + [[cára]]'', meaning "Elf-head" or "Elf-helmet".
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{{references}}
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{{seq-start}}
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{{seq-head
 +
| race=gondorian
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| house=[[House of Anárion]]
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| born={{TA|1255}}
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| died={{TA|1490}}
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}}
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{{seq
 +
| prev=[[Valacar]]
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| list=21st [[Kings of Gondor|King of Gondor]]
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| dates={{TA|1432}} – {{TA|1437|n}}
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| next=[[Castamir]]
 +
}}
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{{seq
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| prev=[[Castamir|Castamir "The Usurper"]]
 +
| list=21st [[Kings of Gondor|King of Gondor]] (restored)
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| dates={{TA|1447}} - {{TA|1490|n}}
 +
| next=[[Aldamir]]
 +
}}
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{{seq-end}}
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{{title}}
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[[Category:Gondorians]]
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[[Category:House of Anárion]]
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[[Category:Northmen]]
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[[Category:Rulers of Gondor]]
 
[[de:Eldacar (König von Gondor)]]
 
[[de:Eldacar (König von Gondor)]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:hommes:3a:dunedain:gondoriens:eldacar]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:hommes:3a:dunedain:gondoriens:eldacar]]
 
[[fi:Eldacar (Gondorin kuningas)]]
 
[[fi:Eldacar (Gondorin kuningas)]]

Revision as of 10:10, 6 April 2013

The name Eldacar refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Eldacar (disambiguation).
Eldacar
Gondorian
Biographical Information
Other namesVinitharya
TitlesKing of Gondor
LocationGondor
LanguageWestron
BirthT.A. 1255
Rhovanion
RuleT.A. 1432 - 1437
T.A. 1447 - 1490
DeathT.A. 1490 (aged 235)
Family
HouseHouse of Anárion
ParentageValacar and Vidumavi
ChildrenOrnendil and Aldamir
Physical Description
GenderMale

Eldacar (T.A. 1255[1]1490,[2] aged 235 years) was the twenty-first King of Gondor. He was the son of Valacar and Vidumavi and born with the name Vinitharya.

History

Eldacar's father Valacar had gone to live among the Northmen of King Vidugavia's realm in T.A. 1250. While there Valacar fell in love with and married the King's daughter, princess Vidumavi. Their son, named Vinitharya, would later be called Eldacar.[3] In 1260 Valacar brought his family and a household of noble Northmen back to Gondor.[4]

The high men of Gondor frowned upon Valacar's marriage to a woman of alien and "lesser" race for they feared that Vidumavi's descendants would prove short-lived. As Valacar grew old rebellion smouldered in the southern fiefs of Gondor since many refused to accept Eldacar as their upcoming lord. When Eldacar succeeded his father in T.A. 1432 full civil war erupted, called the Kin-strife.[3]

Eldacar showed no sign of more rapid aging than any of the Dúnedain and displayed fearlessness in opposing those who sought to depose him. However, the rebels came against him in great strength and lay a siege that laid waste to Osgiliath (and caused the loss of the palantír kept in the Tower of the Stone). As Eldacar fled the city to Rhovanion a distant relative named Castamir claimed his throne and had Eldacar's son Ornendil put to death.

Eldacar gathered together his kinsfold in Rhovanion, those Northmen who had served Gondor, and many of the Dúnedain from the northern parts of Gondor. After ten years of exile Eldacar led a great army to reclaim his Kingship. His forces were augmented by the people of Calenardhon, Anórien, and Ithilien. In this he was aided by the cruelty and lack of generosity of Castamir, and by Castamir's disdain for the land with his plan to remove the seat of the King to Pelargir. The greatest clash during Eldacar's return took place at the Crossings of Erui.

Although Eldacar himself avenged his son Ornendil by slaying Castamir, the sons of the Usurper escaped from the battle and held out at Pelargir. Gathering the remainder of their forces these sons then sailed to Umbar which then became a refuge for all enemies of the King. The independent lordship of Umbar would remain at war with Gondor for generations, a constant threat to its coastlines and sea traffic.

Eldacar lived for 235 years, which showed that his mother's lineage had not diminished his lifespan as feared. Eventually he was succeeded by his younger son Aldamir.[3]

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
Calmacil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vidugavia
 
Rómendacil II
 
Calimehtar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vidumavi
 
Valacar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ELDACAR
 
 
 
Castamir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ornendil
 
Aldamir
 
 
 
 
 


Etymology

Eldacar contains the Quenya words Elda + cára, meaning "Elf-head" or "Elf-helmet".

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Making of Appendix A": (i) "The Realms in Exile"
Eldacar
House of Anárion
Born: T.A. 1255 Died: T.A. 1490
Preceded by:
Valacar
21st King of Gondor
T.A. 14321437
Followed by:
Castamir
Preceded by:
Castamir "The Usurper"
21st King of Gondor (restored)
T.A. 1447 - 1490
Followed by:
Aldamir