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Elen

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'''''elen''''' (pl. '''eleni''' or '''eldi''') means "star" in [[Quenya]].  
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'''''elen''''' (pl. '''eleni''' or '''eldi''') means "star" in [[Quenya]].<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, ''elen''</ref>
  
 
The [[Edain]], however, equated ''elen'' and ''[[elda]]'' ("[[Elves|Elf]]"), so in some situations ''elen'' translates as "Elf".
 
The [[Edain]], however, equated ''elen'' and ''[[elda]]'' ("[[Elves|Elf]]"), so in some situations ''elen'' translates as "Elf".
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
[[PQ]] [[Sundocarmë|Root]] [[EL]].  
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[[PQ]] [[Sundocarmë|Root]] [[EL]].<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, '''EL'''</ref>
  
 
It is said traditionally to come from the exclamation ''[[ele]]''! "behold" being the first word the first Elves spoke at [[Cuiviénen]], when they saw the stars.
 
It is said traditionally to come from the exclamation ''[[ele]]''! "behold" being the first word the first Elves spoke at [[Cuiviénen]], when they saw the stars.
  
 
==Other forms==
 
==Other forms==
*[[elenna]] "to a star": allative, also a name for [[Númenor]].<ref>{{HM|UT}}, [[Cirion and Eorl]]</ref>
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*''[[elenna]]'' "to a star": allative, also a name for [[Númenor]].<ref>{{HM|UT}}, [[Cirion and Eorl]]</ref>
*elelli "stars": partitive plural<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 127</ref>
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*''elelli'' "stars": partitive plural<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 127</ref>
*elenion "of stars": pl. genitive<ref>{{L|297}}, p. 385</ref>
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*''elenion'' "of stars": pl. genitive<ref>{{L|297}}, p. 385</ref>
*elenillor "from stars": pl. ablative<ref>[[The Monsters and the Critics]], [[Markirya]]</ref>
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*''elenillor'' "from stars": pl. ablative<ref>[[The Monsters and the Critics]], [[Markirya]]</ref>
  
 
==Seen in==
 
==Seen in==
*[[Elemmíre]]
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*''[[Elemmírë]]''
*[[Elendur (son of Isildur)|Elendur]]
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*''[[Elendur (son of Isildur)|Elendur]]''
*[[Eldar]]
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*''[[Eldar]]''
*[[Elenna]] = "Star-wards"
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*''[[Elenna]]'' = "Star-wards"
*[[Elentári]]
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*''[[Elentári]]''
*[[Elenwe]]
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*''[[Elenwe]]''
*[[Elerrína]]
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*''[[Elerrína]]''
*[[elenya]]
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*''[[elenya]]''
  
 
===With the meaning "Elf"===
 
===With the meaning "Elf"===
*[[Elendil]] = "Friend of the Elves"
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*''[[Elendil]]'' = "Friend of the Elves"
*[[Aragorn|Elessar]] = "Elf-stone"
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*''[[Aragorn|Elessar]]'' = "Elf-stone"
*[[Elesser]] = "[[Elfwine]]"
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*''[[Elesser]]'' = "[[Elfwine]]"
  
 
==Examples==
 
==Examples==
 
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*"'''''Elen''' [[Sil|síla]] [[lúme|lúmenn']] [[omentie|omentielvo]]''" ("'''a star''' shines on the hour of our meeting")<ref>{{FR|Three}}</ref>
*"'''''Elen''' [[síla]] [[lúme|lúmenn']] [[omentie|omentielvo]]''" ("a star shines on the hour of our meeting")<ref>{{FR|Three}}</ref>
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==Inspiration==
 
==Inspiration==
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* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
 
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
  
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{{title|lowercase}}
 
[[Category: Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category: Quenya nouns]]

Latest revision as of 22:49, 21 October 2012

elen (pl. eleni or eldi) means "star" in Quenya.[1]

The Edain, however, equated elen and elda ("Elf"), so in some situations elen translates as "Elf".

[edit] Etymology

PQ Root EL.[2]

It is said traditionally to come from the exclamation ele! "behold" being the first word the first Elves spoke at Cuiviénen, when they saw the stars.

[edit] Other forms

  • elenna "to a star": allative, also a name for Númenor.[3]
  • elelli "stars": partitive plural[4]
  • elenion "of stars": pl. genitive[5]
  • elenillor "from stars": pl. ablative[6]

[edit] Seen in

[edit] With the meaning "Elf"

[edit] Examples

[edit] Inspiration

El means "deity" in some Semitic languages, and is a common element in many Hebrew names, as happens with Elvish names. Dante Alighieri in his De vulgari eloquentia suggests that the word El was the first sound emitted by Adam: While the first utterance of humans after birth is a cry of pain, Dante assumed that Adam could only have made an exclamation of joy, which at the same time was addressing his Creator.[source?]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", elen
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", EL
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, Cirion and Eorl
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 127
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 297, (dated August 1967), p. 385
  6. The Monsters and the Critics, Markirya
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Three is Company"