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Elen

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elen (pl. eleni or eldi) means "star" in Quenya.

The Edain, however, equated elen and elda ("Elf"), so in some situations elen translates as "Elf".

Contents

Etymology

PQ root EL.

It is said traditionally to come from the exclamation ele! "behold" being the first word the first Elves spoke at Cuiviénen, when they saw the stars.

Other forms

  • elenna "to a star": allative, also a name for Númenor.[1]
  • elelli "stars": partitive plural[2]
  • elenion "of stars": pl. genitive[3]
  • elenillor "from stars": pl. ablative[4]

Seen in

With the meaning "Elf"

Inspiration

Dante Alighieri in his De vulgari eloquentia suggests that the word El was the first sound emitted by Adam: While the first utterance of humans after birth is a cry of pain, Dante assumed that Adam could only have made an exclamation of joy, which at the same time was addressing his Creator.

References


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