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Elros

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'''Elros Tar-Minyatur''' ([[First Age|F.A.]] 525 - [[Second Age|S.A.]] 442, ruled 32 - 442 [[Second Age|S.A.]]) was born in year 525 of the [[First Age]] to [[Eärendil]] and [[Elwing]]. Elros was one of the [[Half-elven]] of Middle-earth who chose to become a [[Men (Middle-earth)|mortal man]], and was later crowned the first High King of [[Númenor]].
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{{half-elf infobox
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| image=
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| name=Elros
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| othernames=''Tar-Minyatur'' ([[Quenya|Q]])
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| titles=[[King of Númenor]]
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| position=
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| location=[[Númenor]]
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| affiliation=
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| language=[[Adûnaic]], [[Sindarin]] and [[Quenya]]
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| birth={{FA|532}}
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| birthlocation=[[Mouths of Sirion|Havens of Sirion]], [[Beleriand]]
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| rule={{SA|32}} - {{SA|442|n}} (410 years)
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| death={{SA|442}}
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| deathlocation=Númenor
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| age=500
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| house=Founded [[House of Elros]]
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| heritage=[[Half-elven]] mother and father
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| parentage=[[Eärendil]] and [[Elwing]]
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| siblings=[[Elrond]]
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| spouse=
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| children=[[Vardamir]], [[Tindómiel]], [[Manwendil]] and [[Atanalcar]]
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| gender=Male
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| height=
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| hair=
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| eyes=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}'''Elros''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈelros]}}) was the son of [[Eärendil]], the great hero of the [[First Age]], and his wife [[Elwing]]. He was the twin brother of [[Elrond]] and both were [[Half-elven]].<ref name="Earendil">{{S|Earendil}}</ref> The Valar gave Elros and his brother the choice to become mortal [[Men]] or immortal like the [[Elves]]. While Elrond became an Elf, Elros chose to be a Man. He would become a lord of the [[Edain]] and the first [[King of Númenor]], taking the name '''Tar-Minyatur''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[tarˈmiɲatur]}}).
  
Elros's name may mean "Elf of the Spray" based on a tale from his early childhood. [[Maedhros]], one of the [[Sons of Fëanor]], abducted Elros and his brother [[Elrond]] as retribution for Elwing's refusal to relinquish a [[Silmaril]] (see [[Oath of Fëanor]]). Maedhros later repented and left the children near a forest waterfall where they were found. Thus he was named "Elf of the Spray". In ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Christopher Tolkien]] interprets Elros as meaning "Star-foam".
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== History ==
 +
[[File:Catherine Karina Chmiel - And Maglor took pity upon them.jpg|thumb|left|''And Maglor took pity upon them'' by Catherine Karina Chmiel]]
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Elros and Elrond were born in the [[Mouths of Sirion|Havens of Sirion]] during the darkest days of the First Age, when the forces of [[Morgoth]] controlled most of [[Beleriand]]. When the twins were just six years old, the [[Sons of Fëanor]], bound by their [[Oath of Fëanor|Oath]], assaulted the Havens in the [[Third Kinslaying]] since they desired the [[Silmaril]] held by Eärendil. Elros' father was at sea, and Elwing barely escaped with the Silmaril. [[Maedhros]] and [[Maglor]], the only Sons of Fëanor to repudiate their deeds, found the twins playing by a forest waterfall under the starlight and gave him the name Elros meaning "star-foam" (see [[#Etymology|Etymology]]) and protected them through the end of the First Age.<ref name="Earendil"/>.
  
As Half-Elven, he and his brother were given the choice to be Elves or Men. Elros chose to become one of the [[Edain]]. (Elrond elected to remain an Elf.) As a reward for the sufferings of the Edain against the dark forces of [[Morgoth]], the [[Valar]] raised an island for them to dwell in, protected from the dangers of Middle-earth. Elros and the surviving Edain set sail over Sea, and guided by the [[Star of E&auml;rendil]] came to the great [[Isle of Elenna]], westernmost of all Mortal lands. There they founded the realm of Númenor, or Westernesse. The Valar also granted Elros and his heirs substantially longer life-spans.  
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After the [[War of Wrath]] and the destruction of Beleriand, the Valar gave the twin ''[[Peredhil]]'' the choice over their race and fate. Elros chose the [[Gift of Men]],<ref name="Earendil"/> but still, he was blessed with the longest life than any other mortal Man's.
  
In year 32 of the [[Second Age]] (S.A.), Elros became the first King of Númenor, taking the [[Quenya]] name ''Tar-Minyatur'', meaning "High First-ruler". This was the convention by which most succeeding kings of Númenor took their royal title. He ruled for 410 years until his death in S.A. 442 at age 500.
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Now by right a lord of the [[Edain]]<ref group=note>His father, Eärendil, was a descendant of the Lords of all Three Houses</ref>, he led his people across the [[Belegaer|Great Sea]], guided by the [[Star of Eärendil]] his father, to the land the Valar had prepared for the Edain as a reward for their struggle against Morgoth. They arrived at [[Elenna]], a large island in the western part of the Sea, soon after the beginning of the [[Second Age]]. Elenna was the closest of mortal lands to the [[Blessed Realm]], though Men were [[Ban of the Valar|forbidden to go]] any further west than Elenna. However, the Valar gave the Edain substantially longer lifespans than most Men had, and Elros and his descendants had the longest lives of all the people.<ref>{{S|Akallabeth}}</ref>
  
Elros had four children:
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Elros became the first [[King of Númenor|King]] of the realm of [[Númenor]] in the year 32 of the Second Age. He took a royal name in [[Quenya]], ''Tar-Minyatur'', thus setting a tradition of Quenya being the royal language of the isle, even though the common tongue was [[Adûnaic]].<ref name="Kings">{{UT|Kings}}</ref> He brought with him the [[Ring of Barahir]], the [[Dramborleg|Axe of Tuor]], and [[Thingol]]'s sword [[Aranrúth]] as family heirlooms.
  
*[[Vardamir Nólimon]], his eldest son who succeeded him for a day but then resigned in favor of his own son.
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He built the royal tower at [[Armenelos]] and throughout his reign the kingdom received gifts from the Elves of [[Tol Eressëa]], including flowers from the gardens of [[Yavanna]] and a seed from [[Celeborn, White Tree|Celeborn]]. This was the beginning of the Númenóreans' long friendship with the Elves of the West, a relationship that would define the future of Númenor.
*Tindomiel, daughter
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*Manwendil, son
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*Atanalcar, son
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[[Category:Rulers of Númenor]]
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Tar-Minyatur had four children: three sons, [[Vardamir|Vardamir Nólimon]], [[Manwendil]], and [[Atanalcar]]; and one daughter, [[Tindómiel]].<ref>{{UT|earlier}}</ref> After living five centuries, and ruling Númenor for 410 years, Tar-Minyatur died and his son Vardamir Nólimon took up the [[Sceptre]] of Númenor as [[Vardamir|Tar-Vardamir]]. But because Elros had lived so long, Tar-Vardamir was already old, and was thus only a titular King: he immediately surrendered the Sceptre to his son, [[Tar-Amandil]].<ref name="Kings"/>
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== Etymology ==
 +
''Elros'' is a [[Sindarin]] name meaning "Elf of the spray", based on a tale from his early childhood when the [[Sons of Fëanor]] abducted the twins until [[Maedhros]] found them playing in a forest waterfall.  Alternatively, his name could mean "star-foam".<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref> The Sindarin elements are ''[[el]]'' ("star") and ''[[ros]]'' ("foam").<ref name=Elements>{{S|Elements}}</ref>
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''Elros'' is the [[Sindarin]] form of [[Quenya]] '''''Elerossë''''' (pron. {{IPA|[ˌeleˈrosːe]}}).<ref name=Elements/>
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==Other names and titles==
 +
 
 +
Elros' royal name, '''''Tar-Minyatur''''', is [[Quenya]] for "High First-Lord", consisting of ''[[tar]]'' +("high") + ''[[minya]]'' ("first") + ''[[tur]]'' ("master, lord").{{fact}} All the Kings and [[Ruling Queen of Númenor|Queens]] after Elros who took their names in Quenya also used the prefix ''tar-'' in their royal names.
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In early versions of the [[legendarium]], Elros' [[Adûnaic]] name was ''Indilzar'', which was changed to ''Gimilzôr''. However, in later versions of the Númenórean tale ''[[Ar-Gimilzôr|(Ar-)Gimilzôr]]'' was the name of the twenty-third King of Númenor.<ref>{{SD|Drowning}}, pp. 380-1 (§20)</ref>
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== Genealogy ==
 +
{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree | | | | |EAR|y|ELW| | | | | | | |EAR=[[Eärendil]]|ELW=[[Elwing]]}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | |)|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|.| |}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | |ELR| | | | | | | |ELD|ELR='''ELROS<br/>TAR-MINYATUR'''|ELD=[[Elrond]]}}
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{{familytree | |,|-|-|-|v|-|^|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | | | |}}
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{{familytree |VAR| |TIN| |MAN| |ATA| | | | |VAR=[[Vardamir|Vardamir Nólimon]]|TIN=[[Tindómiel]]|MAN=[[Manwendil]]|ATA=[[Atanalcar]]}}
 +
{{familytree | |!| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree |AMA| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |AMA=[[Tar-Amandil]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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{{seq-start}}
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{{seq-head
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| race=halfelf
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| house=[[House of Elros]]
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| born={{FA|532}}
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| died={{SA|442}}
 +
}}
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{{seq
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| pvac=None
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| prev=Position Created
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| list=1st [[King of Númenor]]
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| dates={{SA|32}} - {{SA|442|n}}
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| next=[[Vardamir|Tar-Vardamir]]
 +
}}
 +
{{seq-end}}
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[:Category:Images of Elros|Images of Elros]]
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*[[Twins]]
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==Notes==
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 +
{{References}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Half-elven]]
 
[[Category:Half-elven]]
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[[Category:House of Dior]]
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[[Category:House of Eärendil]]
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[[Category:House of Elros| ]]
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[[Category:Rulers of Númenor]]
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[[de:Elros]]
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[[fa:تار-مینیاتور]]
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[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hommes/2a/numenoreens/elros]]
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[[fi:Elros]]

Revision as of 20:56, 13 March 2013

Elros
Half-elf
Biographical Information
Other namesTar-Minyatur (Q)
TitlesKing of Númenor
LocationNúmenor
LanguageAdûnaic, Sindarin and Quenya
BirthF.A. 532
Havens of Sirion, Beleriand
RuleS.A. 32 - 442 (410 years)
DeathS.A. 442 (aged 500)
Númenor
Family
HouseFounded House of Elros
HeritageHalf-elven mother and father
ParentageEärendil and Elwing
SiblingsElrond
ChildrenVardamir, Tindómiel, Manwendil and Atanalcar
Physical Description
GenderMale
Elros (S, pron. [ˈelros]) was the son of Eärendil, the great hero of the First Age, and his wife Elwing. He was the twin brother of Elrond and both were Half-elven.[1] The Valar gave Elros and his brother the choice to become mortal Men or immortal like the Elves. While Elrond became an Elf, Elros chose to be a Man. He would become a lord of the Edain and the first King of Númenor, taking the name Tar-Minyatur (Q, pron. [tarˈmiɲatur]).

Contents

History

And Maglor took pity upon them by Catherine Karina Chmiel

Elros and Elrond were born in the Havens of Sirion during the darkest days of the First Age, when the forces of Morgoth controlled most of Beleriand. When the twins were just six years old, the Sons of Fëanor, bound by their Oath, assaulted the Havens in the Third Kinslaying since they desired the Silmaril held by Eärendil. Elros' father was at sea, and Elwing barely escaped with the Silmaril. Maedhros and Maglor, the only Sons of Fëanor to repudiate their deeds, found the twins playing by a forest waterfall under the starlight and gave him the name Elros meaning "star-foam" (see Etymology) and protected them through the end of the First Age.[1].

After the War of Wrath and the destruction of Beleriand, the Valar gave the twin Peredhil the choice over their race and fate. Elros chose the Gift of Men,[1] but still, he was blessed with the longest life than any other mortal Man's.

Now by right a lord of the Edain[note 1], he led his people across the Great Sea, guided by the Star of Eärendil his father, to the land the Valar had prepared for the Edain as a reward for their struggle against Morgoth. They arrived at Elenna, a large island in the western part of the Sea, soon after the beginning of the Second Age. Elenna was the closest of mortal lands to the Blessed Realm, though Men were forbidden to go any further west than Elenna. However, the Valar gave the Edain substantially longer lifespans than most Men had, and Elros and his descendants had the longest lives of all the people.[2]

Elros became the first King of the realm of Númenor in the year 32 of the Second Age. He took a royal name in Quenya, Tar-Minyatur, thus setting a tradition of Quenya being the royal language of the isle, even though the common tongue was Adûnaic.[3] He brought with him the Ring of Barahir, the Axe of Tuor, and Thingol's sword Aranrúth as family heirlooms.

He built the royal tower at Armenelos and throughout his reign the kingdom received gifts from the Elves of Tol Eressëa, including flowers from the gardens of Yavanna and a seed from Celeborn. This was the beginning of the Númenóreans' long friendship with the Elves of the West, a relationship that would define the future of Númenor.

Tar-Minyatur had four children: three sons, Vardamir Nólimon, Manwendil, and Atanalcar; and one daughter, Tindómiel.[4] After living five centuries, and ruling Númenor for 410 years, Tar-Minyatur died and his son Vardamir Nólimon took up the Sceptre of Númenor as Tar-Vardamir. But because Elros had lived so long, Tar-Vardamir was already old, and was thus only a titular King: he immediately surrendered the Sceptre to his son, Tar-Amandil.[3]

Etymology

Elros is a Sindarin name meaning "Elf of the spray", based on a tale from his early childhood when the Sons of Fëanor abducted the twins until Maedhros found them playing in a forest waterfall. Alternatively, his name could mean "star-foam".[5] The Sindarin elements are el ("star") and ros ("foam").[6]

Elros is the Sindarin form of Quenya Elerossë (pron. [ˌeleˈrosːe]).[6]

Other names and titles

Elros' royal name, Tar-Minyatur, is Quenya for "High First-Lord", consisting of tar +("high") + minya ("first") + tur ("master, lord").[source?] All the Kings and Queens after Elros who took their names in Quenya also used the prefix tar- in their royal names.

In early versions of the legendarium, Elros' Adûnaic name was Indilzar, which was changed to Gimilzôr. However, in later versions of the Númenórean tale (Ar-)Gimilzôr was the name of the twenty-third King of Númenor.[7]

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
Eärendil
 
Elwing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ELROS
TAR-MINYATUR
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elrond
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vardamir Nólimon
 
Tindómiel
 
Manwendil
 
Atanalcar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Amandil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Elros
House of Elros
Born: F.A. 532 Died: S.A. 442
None
Position Created
1st King of Númenor
S.A. 32 - 442
Followed by:
Tar-Vardamir

See also

Notes

  1. His father, Eärendil, was a descendant of the Lords of all Three Houses

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", "The earlier generations of the Line of Elros"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, "Part Three: The Drowning of Anadûnê, with the Third Version of The Fall of Númenor, and Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language", pp. 380-1 (§20)