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Biographical Information
Other namesTar-Minyatur (Q)
TitlesKing of Númenor
LanguageAdûnaic, Sindarin and Quenya
BirthF.A. 532
Havens of Sirion, Beleriand
RuleS.A. 32 - 442 (410 years)
DeathS.A. 442 (aged 500)
HouseFounded House of Elros
HeritageHalf-elven mother and father
ParentageEärendil and Elwing
ChildrenVardamir, Tindómiel, Manwendil and Atanalcar
Physical Description
GalleryImages of Elros
Elros (S, pron. [ˈelros]) was the son of Eärendil, the great hero of the First Age, and his wife Elwing. He was the twin brother of Elrond and both were Half-elven.[1] The Valar gave Elros and his brother the choice to become mortal Men or immortal like the Elves. While Elrond became an Elf, Elros chose to be a Man. He would become a lord of the Edain and the first King of Númenor, taking the name Tar-Minyatur (Q, pron. [tarˈmiɲatur]).



Elros and Elrond were born in the Havens of Sirion during the darkest days of the First Age, when the forces of Morgoth controlled most of Beleriand. When the twins were just four years old, the Sons of Fëanor, bound by their Oath, assaulted the Havens in the Third Kinslaying since they desired the Silmaril held by Eärendil. Elros' father was at sea, and Elwing barely escaped with the Silmaril. Maedhros and Maglor, the only Sons of Fëanor to repudiate their deeds, found the twins playing by a forest waterfall under the starlight and gave him the name Elros meaning "star-foam" (see Etymology) and protected them through the end of the First Age.[1].

After the War of Wrath and the destruction of Beleriand, the Valar gave the twin Peredhil the choice over their race and fate. Elros chose the Gift of Men,[1] but still, he had to live for 500 years, longest than any other mortal Man.

Now by right a lord of the Edain[note 1], he led his people across the Great Sea, guided by the Star of Eärendil his father, to the land the Valar had prepared for the Edain as a reward for their struggle against Morgoth. They arrived at Elenna, a large island in the western part of the Sea, soon after the beginning of the Second Age. Elenna was the closest of mortal lands to the Blessed Realm, though Men were forbidden to go any further west than Elenna. However, the Valar gave the Edain substantially longer lifespans than most Men had, and Elros and his descendants had the longest lives of all the people.[2]

Elros became the first King of the realm of Númenor in the year 32 of the Second Age. He took a royal name in Quenya, Tar-Minyatur, thus setting a tradition of Quenya being the royal language of the isle, even though the common tongue was Adûnaic.[3] He brought with him the Ring of Barahir, the Axe of Tuor, and Thingol's sword Aranrúth as family heirlooms.

He built the royal tower at Armenelos and throughout his reign the kingdom received gifts from the Elves of Tol Eressëa, including flowers from the gardens of Yavanna and a seed from Celeborn. This was the beginning of the Númenóreans' long friendship with the Elves of the West, a relationship that would define the future of Númenor.

Tar-Minyatur had four children: three sons, Vardamir Nólimon, Manwendil, and Atanalcar; and one daughter, Tindómiel.[4] After living five centuries, and ruling Númenor for 410 years, Tar-Minyatur died and his son Vardamir Nólimon took up the Sceptre of Númenor as Tar-Vardamir. But because Elros had lived so long, Tar-Vardamir was already old, and was thus only a titular King: he immediately surrendered the Sceptre to his son, Tar-Amandil.[3]


Elros is a Sindarin name meaning "Elf of the spray", based on a tale from his early childhood when the Sons of Fëanor abducted the twins until Maedhros found them playing in a forest waterfall. Alternatively, his name could mean "star-foam".[5] The Sindarin elements are el ("star") and ros ("foam").[6]

Elros is the Sindarin form of Quenya Elerossë (pron. [ˌeleˈrosːe]).[6]

Other names and titles

Elros' royal name, Tar-Minyatur, is Quenya for "High First-Lord", consisting of tar +("high") + minya ("first") + tur ("master, lord").[source?] All the Kings and Queens after Elros who took their names in Quenya also used the prefix tar- in their royal names.

In early versions of the legendarium, Elros' Adûnaic name was Indilzar, which was changed to Gimilzôr. However, in later versions of the Númenórean tale (Ar-)Gimilzôr was the name of the twenty-third King of Númenor.[7]


Vardamir Nólimon

House of Elros
Born: F.A. 532 Died: S.A. 442
Preceded by:
Position Created
1st King of Númenor
S.A. 32 - 442
Followed by:

See also


  1. His father, Eärendil, was a descendant of the Lords of all Three Houses


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", "The earlier generations of the Line of Elros"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, "Part Three: The Drowning of Anadûnê, with the Third Version of The Fall of Númenor, and Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language", pp. 380-1 (§20)