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Entwash

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The '''Entwash''' was a great river in [[Rohan]], notable for its huge inland [[River delta|delta]].
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{{location
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| image=
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| name=Entwash
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| othernames=[[Onodló]]
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| etymology=
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| type=River
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| location=Central Rohan
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| inhabitants=
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| realms=[[Rohan]]
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| description=
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| events=
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| references=
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|}}
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The '''Entwash''' was a great river in [[Rohan]], notable for its huge inland delta.  After the [[Breaking of the Fellowship]], [[Orcs]] carried [[Meriadoc Brandybuck|Merry]] and [[Peregrin Took|Pippin]] to the point where this river exited [[Fangorn Forest]], followed by [[Aragorn]], [[Legolas]], and [[Gimli]].
  
The Entwash, a translation of the [[Sindarin]] name '''''Onodló''''', had its sources in the springs that arose on ''Mount Methedras'', the southernmost peak of the [[Misty Mountains]], near [[Treebeard]]'s home.
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==Geography==
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The sources of the Entwash were springs whose waters fell from [[Methedras]], the southernmost peak of the [[Misty Mountains]].  Where they coalesced into one stream the collected waters flowed just south of [[Wellinghall]], [[Treebeard]]'s home. From there the stream coursed eastward through [[Fangorn]] to the southeast corner of the forest.<ref name="Treebeard">{{TT|III4}}</ref>
  
Leaving [[Fangorn Forest]], the river flowed past the ''Wold'' of Rohan, and then headed south, dividing Rohan into ''West'' and ''East Emnet''. At the latitude of [[Edoras]] it was joined by the river [[Snowbourn]], and then flowed west towards [[Anduin]], which it joined just south of the [[Falls of Rauros]], in the huge inland delta known as the ''Mouths of the Entwash''. The [[Mering Stream]] or ''[[Glanhír]]'' met one of the Entwashes' arms there. The influence of water was so great that at the other end of the Anduin the marshes of [[Nindalf]] (Wetwang) and the [[Dead Marshes]] arose.
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Leaving the woods, the river flowed past [[the Wold]] of Rohan, and then headed south. At the latitude of [[Edoras]] it was joined by the river [[Snowbourn]] from the west.  Turning east, the Entwash flowed towards [[Anduin]], which it joined just south of the [[Rauros|Falls of Rauros]], in the huge inland delta known as the [[Mouths of Entwash]]. The [[Mering Stream]] or ''[[Glanhír]]'' met the southernmost of the Entwashes' arms there. The influx of water was so great that across the Anduin the marshes of [[Nindalf]] (Wetwang) arose.<ref>{{UT|Map}}</ref>
  
The Entwash was named for the [[Ents]] (Onodrim) of [[Fangorn forest|Fangorn]], but the origin of the name was largely forgotten by the [[Rohirrim]].
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At its origin the Entwash was a noisy stream that cascaded over rocks and then hurried down the sloped terrain of Fangorn.<ref name="Treebeard"/>  Upon leaving the forest the river was still swift-flowing and its banks were deeply carven.<ref name="Uruk">{{TT|III3}}</ref>  However, as the river passed southward across Rohan its flow became more sluggish and the banks became fens.<ref name="Riders">{{TT|III2}}</ref>  At the confluence of the Snowbourn and the Entwash great thickets of willows grew.<ref>{{RK|V3}}</ref>  The delta where the Entwash widened and joined the Anduin was a land of marshes that travelers were advised to avoid.<ref>{{FR|II8}}</ref>
  
[[Category:Rivers]]
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==History==
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In {{TA|2510}}, when the Steward [[Cirion]] granted the land of [[Calenardhon]] to [[Eorl]] the Young to be the realm of [[Rohan]], the two leaders (along with the [[Prince of Dol Amroth]] and [[Éomund]], the chief captain of the host of the [[Éothéod]]) defined the borders of their respective domains.<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}</ref>  The border ran along the Mering Stream from the [[Firien Wood]] to the southernmost arm of the Entwash, west up this waterway to the beginning of the delta, and then east along the northernmost arm of the Entwash to the Anduin.<ref>{{RK|Map}}</ref>
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In {{TA|3019}} the following events occurred near the Entwash:<ref>{{App|Great}}</ref> 
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* [[26 February]]: Merry and Pippin were captured by Orcs sent out by [[Saruman]] and carried swiftly across the Eastemnet.
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* [[28 February]]: The Orcs reached  the Entwash, where they were stopped just short of Fangorn Forest by riders from Rohan.<ref name="Uruk"/>
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* [[29 February]]: After Merry and Pippin escaped they followed the river into the woods and met [[Treebeard]] the Ent .  He took the hobbits west along the stream to his home.<ref name="Treebeard"/>
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* [[1 March]]: In the meantime, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli had followed the track of the Orcs and then the Hobbits along the river and into the forest.  There they met [[Gandalf]] the White.<ref>{{TT|III5}}</ref>
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The upper part of the Entwash served as another boundary, for it divided Rohan into [[Westemnet]] and [[Eastemnet]].  These were also known as the [[West-mark]] and [[East-mark]] for military purposes.  When [[Éomer]] became king he discarded the old offices of Second and Third Marshals of Rohan and instead created the positions of [[Marshal of the West-mark]] (the first of whom was [[Erkenbrand]] and [[Marshal of the East-mark]] (the first of whom was [[Elfhelm]]).<ref>{{UT|Isen}}</ref>
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==Etymology==
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Entwash was a translation of the [[Sindarin]] name ''[[Onodló]]'', named for the [[Ents]] ([[Onodrim]]) of Fangorn Forest,<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}, note 46</ref> but the origin of the name was largely forgotten by the [[Rohirrim]].
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Entwash is a modernization of [[Old English]] ''Entwaesc'' (''waesc'' "flood water"), so modernised because it was recognisable by speakers of [[Westron]]. [[Gondorians]] used that name, assimilated to their own language.<ref>{{HM|N}}, pp. 769-70</ref>
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Rivers of Rohan]]
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[[de:Onodló]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/eaux/rohan/onodlo]]
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[[fi:Onodló]]

Revision as of 05:19, 23 October 2012

Entwash
Physical Description
TypeRiver
LocationCentral Rohan
RealmsRohan
General Information
Other namesOnodló

The Entwash was a great river in Rohan, notable for its huge inland delta. After the Breaking of the Fellowship, Orcs carried Merry and Pippin to the point where this river exited Fangorn Forest, followed by Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli.

Contents

Geography

The sources of the Entwash were springs whose waters fell from Methedras, the southernmost peak of the Misty Mountains. Where they coalesced into one stream the collected waters flowed just south of Wellinghall, Treebeard's home. From there the stream coursed eastward through Fangorn to the southeast corner of the forest.[1]

Leaving the woods, the river flowed past the Wold of Rohan, and then headed south. At the latitude of Edoras it was joined by the river Snowbourn from the west. Turning east, the Entwash flowed towards Anduin, which it joined just south of the Falls of Rauros, in the huge inland delta known as the Mouths of Entwash. The Mering Stream or Glanhír met the southernmost of the Entwashes' arms there. The influx of water was so great that across the Anduin the marshes of Nindalf (Wetwang) arose.[2]

At its origin the Entwash was a noisy stream that cascaded over rocks and then hurried down the sloped terrain of Fangorn.[1] Upon leaving the forest the river was still swift-flowing and its banks were deeply carven.[3] However, as the river passed southward across Rohan its flow became more sluggish and the banks became fens.[4] At the confluence of the Snowbourn and the Entwash great thickets of willows grew.[5] The delta where the Entwash widened and joined the Anduin was a land of marshes that travelers were advised to avoid.[6]

History

In T.A. 2510, when the Steward Cirion granted the land of Calenardhon to Eorl the Young to be the realm of Rohan, the two leaders (along with the Prince of Dol Amroth and Éomund, the chief captain of the host of the Éothéod) defined the borders of their respective domains.[7] The border ran along the Mering Stream from the Firien Wood to the southernmost arm of the Entwash, west up this waterway to the beginning of the delta, and then east along the northernmost arm of the Entwash to the Anduin.[8]

In T.A. 3019 the following events occurred near the Entwash:[9]

  • 26 February: Merry and Pippin were captured by Orcs sent out by Saruman and carried swiftly across the Eastemnet.
  • 28 February: The Orcs reached the Entwash, where they were stopped just short of Fangorn Forest by riders from Rohan.[3]
  • 29 February: After Merry and Pippin escaped they followed the river into the woods and met Treebeard the Ent . He took the hobbits west along the stream to his home.[1]
  • 1 March: In the meantime, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli had followed the track of the Orcs and then the Hobbits along the river and into the forest. There they met Gandalf the White.[10]

The upper part of the Entwash served as another boundary, for it divided Rohan into Westemnet and Eastemnet. These were also known as the West-mark and East-mark for military purposes. When Éomer became king he discarded the old offices of Second and Third Marshals of Rohan and instead created the positions of Marshal of the West-mark (the first of whom was Erkenbrand and Marshal of the East-mark (the first of whom was Elfhelm).[11]

Etymology

Entwash was a translation of the Sindarin name Onodló, named for the Ents (Onodrim) of Fangorn Forest,[12] but the origin of the name was largely forgotten by the Rohirrim.

Entwash is a modernization of Old English Entwaesc (waesc "flood water"), so modernised because it was recognisable by speakers of Westron. Gondorians used that name, assimilated to their own language.[13]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Treebeard"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Uruk-hai"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Riders of Rohan"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Muster of Rohan"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Farewell to Lórien"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Map of Rohan, Gondor, and Mordor"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The White Rider"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Battles of the Fords of Isen"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", note 46
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 769-70