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Eorl

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| image=[[Image:Jan Pospisil - Eorl the Young at Celebrant.jpg|250px]]
 
| image=[[Image:Jan Pospisil - Eorl the Young at Celebrant.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Eorl
 
| name=Eorl
| othernames= ''the Young''
+
| othernames=''the Young''
| position=[[Lord of the Éothéod]], [[King of Rohan]]
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| titles=[[Lord of the Éothéod]]<br/>[[King of Rohan]]
| noinline=1 ([[Kings of Rohan#First Line|First Line]])
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| position=
 +
| location=[[Rohan]]
 +
| affiliation=[[Oath of Eorl]]
 +
| language=[[Rohirric]] and [[Westron]]
 
| birth={{TA|2485}}
 
| birth={{TA|2485}}
| rule=Of Éothéod {{TA|2501}} - {{TA|2510}}<br/>Of Rohan {{TA|2510}} - {{TA|2545}}
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| birthlocation=
 +
| rule={{TA|2501}} - {{TA|2510}} (Lord)<br/>{{TA|2510}} - {{TA|2545}} (King)
 
| death={{TA|2545}}
 
| death={{TA|2545}}
| gender=Male
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| deathlocation=[[The Wold]]
| description=
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| age=60
 +
| house=[[House of Eorl]]
 
| parentage=[[Leod]]
 
| parentage=[[Leod]]
 +
| siblings=
 
| spouse=
 
| spouse=
 
| children=[[Brego]]
 
| children=[[Brego]]
 +
| gender=Male
 +
| height=
 +
| hair=Yellow<ref name="Eorl"/>
 +
| eyes=
 +
| clothing=
 
| weapons=
 
| weapons=
| steed=[[Felarof]]
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| steed=[[Felaróf]]
|}}
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}}
 
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'''Eorl the Young''' ([[Third Age]] 2485 – 2545, aged 60 years) was the son of [[Léod]] of the [[Éothéod]], and founder of [[Rohan]].<ref name="Eorl">{{App|Eorl}}</ref>
 
'''Eorl the Young''' ([[Third Age]] 2485 – 2545, aged 60 years) was the son of [[Léod]] of the [[Éothéod]], and founder of [[Rohan]].<ref name="Eorl">{{App|Eorl}}</ref>
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
Eorl was known as "the Young" because he became [[Lord of the Éothéod]] at the age of 16 and because he never lost his yellow hair. His father [[Leod]] was killed while trying to tame [[Felarof]] but young Eorl managed to tame him, and kept him as his steed for the rest of his life.<ref name="Eorl"/>
+
Eorl was known as "the Young" because he became [[Lord of the Éothéod]] at the age of 16 and because he never lost his yellow hair. His father [[Leod]] was killed while trying to tame [[Felaróf]] but young Eorl managed to tame him, and kept him as his steed for the rest of his life.<ref name="Eorl"/>
  
In [[Third Age 2510|T.A. 2510]], [[Borondir|Borondir Udalraph]] came to the north seeking aid, as the [[South-kingdom]] was attacked by the [[Orcs]] and the [[Balchoth]]. On April 15th, Eorl came to the [[Field of Celebrant]], and joined the [[Battle of the Field of Celebrant|battle]]. For his service to [[Gondor]], he was granted [[Calenardhon]] to dwell in. As a return, Eorl and his descendants would have to come to the aid of Gondor when they requested; this was known as the [[Oath of Eorl]].<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}</ref> This would be answered at least twice: once by [[Folcred]] and [[Fastred, son of Folcwine|Fastred]], and once by [[Théoden|Théoden Ednew]].<ref name="Mark">{{App|Mark}}</ref>
+
In {{TA|2510}}, [[Borondir|Borondir Udalraph]] came to the north seeking aid, as the [[South-kingdom]] was attacked by the [[Orcs]] and the [[Balchoth]]. On April 15th, Eorl came to the [[Field of Celebrant]], and joined the [[Battle of the Field of Celebrant|battle]]. For his service to [[Gondor]], he was granted [[Calenardhon]] to dwell in. As a return, Eorl and his descendants would have to come to the aid of Gondor when they requested; this was known as the [[Oath of Eorl]].<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}</ref> This would be answered at least twice: once by [[Folcred]] and [[Fastred, son of Folcwine|Fastred]], and once by [[Théoden|Théoden Ednew]].<ref name="Mark">{{App|Mark}}</ref>
  
 
Eorl died in battle against the [[Easterlings]] in {{TA|2545}}.<ref name="Mark"/>  
 
Eorl died in battle against the [[Easterlings]] in {{TA|2545}}.<ref name="Mark"/>  
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
'''Eorl''' is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as ''jarl'' in Old Norse,<ref>[[Wikipedia:Jarl in Sweden|Jarl in Sweden]] at [[wikipedia:Main Page|Wikipedia]] </ref> and because of that, the [[Þórsteinn Thorarensen]] used this throughout his Icelandic translation of ''The Lord of the Rings'', along with [[Helm Hammerhand|Hjálmur]], [[Thengel|Þengill]], [[Théoden|Þjódan]] and [[Éomer|Jómar]].<ref>[[Arden R. Smith]], ''Transitions in Translations: Upphaflega íslensk heiti'', published in [[Vinyar Tengwar 42]], pages 35-37</ref>
+
'''Eorl''' is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as ''jarl'' in Old Norse,<ref>[[Wikipedia:Jarl in Sweden|Jarl in Sweden]] at [[wikipedia:Main Page|Wikipedia]] </ref> and because of that, the [[Þórsteinn Thorarensen]] used this throughout his Icelandic translation of ''The Lord of the Rings'', along with [[Helm|Hjálmur]], [[Thengel|Þengill]], [[Théoden|Þjódan]] and [[Éomer|Jómar]].<ref>[[Arden R. Smith]], ''Transitions in Translations: Upphaflega íslensk heiti'', published in [[Vinyar Tengwar 42]], pages 35-37</ref>
  
 
:Compare ''[[Ceorl]]'', the second rank.  
 
:Compare ''[[Ceorl]]'', the second rank.  

Revision as of 12:47, 4 November 2012

Jan Pospisil - Eorl the Young at Celebrant.jpg
Eorl
Rohir
Biographical Information
Other namesthe Young
TitlesLord of the Éothéod
King of Rohan
LocationRohan
AffiliationOath of Eorl
LanguageRohirric and Westron
BirthT.A. 2485
RuleT.A. 2501 - T.A. 2510 (Lord)
T.A. 2510 - T.A. 2545 (King)
DeathT.A. 2545 (aged 60)
The Wold
Family
HouseHouse of Eorl
ParentageLeod
ChildrenBrego
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorYellow[1]
SteedFelaróf

Eorl the Young (Third Age 2485 – 2545, aged 60 years) was the son of Léod of the Éothéod, and founder of Rohan.[1]

Life

Eorl was known as "the Young" because he became Lord of the Éothéod at the age of 16 and because he never lost his yellow hair. His father Leod was killed while trying to tame Felaróf but young Eorl managed to tame him, and kept him as his steed for the rest of his life.[1]

In T.A. 2510, Borondir Udalraph came to the north seeking aid, as the South-kingdom was attacked by the Orcs and the Balchoth. On April 15th, Eorl came to the Field of Celebrant, and joined the battle. For his service to Gondor, he was granted Calenardhon to dwell in. As a return, Eorl and his descendants would have to come to the aid of Gondor when they requested; this was known as the Oath of Eorl.[2] This would be answered at least twice: once by Folcred and Fastred, and once by Théoden Ednew.[3]

Eorl died in battle against the Easterlings in T.A. 2545.[3]

Etymology

Eorl is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as jarl in Old Norse,[4] and because of that, the Þórsteinn Thorarensen used this throughout his Icelandic translation of The Lord of the Rings, along with Hjálmur, Þengill, Þjódan and Jómar.[5]

Compare Ceorl, the second rank.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl", "The Kings of the Mark"
  4. Jarl in Sweden at Wikipedia
  5. Arden R. Smith, Transitions in Translations: Upphaflega íslensk heiti, published in Vinyar Tengwar 42, pages 35-37
Eorl
House of Eorl
Born: T.A. 2485 Died: T.A. 2545
Preceded by:
Léod
Lord of the Éothéod
T.A. 25012510
None
Himself as King
None
1st King of Rohan
T.A. 25102545
Followed by:
Brego