Tolkien Gateway

Eorl

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'''Eorl the Young''' ([[Third Age]] 2485 – 2545, aged 60 years) was the son of [[Léod]] of the [[Éothéod]], and founder of [[Rohan]].  
 
'''Eorl the Young''' ([[Third Age]] 2485 – 2545, aged 60 years) was the son of [[Léod]] of the [[Éothéod]], and founder of [[Rohan]].  
  
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==Life==
 
Eorl was known as "the Young" because he became [[Lord of the Éothéod]] at the age of 16. His father [[Leod]] was killed while trying to tame [[Felarof]].  
 
Eorl was known as "the Young" because he became [[Lord of the Éothéod]] at the age of 16. His father [[Leod]] was killed while trying to tame [[Felarof]].  
  
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
'''Eorl''' is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as ''jarl'' in Old Norse, and because of that, the Icelandic translation of uses this throughout (along with [[Helm Hammerhand|Hjálmur]], [[Thengel|Þengill]], [[Théoden|Þjódan]] and [[Éomer|Jómar]]).
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'''Eorl''' is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as ''jarl'' in Old Norse, and because of that, the [[Þórsteinn Thorarensen]] used this throughout his Icelandic translation of ''The Lord of the Rings'', along with [[Helm Hammerhand|Hjálmur]], [[Thengel|Þengill]], [[Théoden|Þjódan]] and [[Éomer|Jómar]].
  
Compare ''[[Ceorl]]'', the second rank.  
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:Compare ''[[Ceorl]]'', the second rank.  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
* ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', ''[[Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan]]''.
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* ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', [[Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan]]
 
* ''[[The Two Towers]], passim.
 
* ''[[The Two Towers]], passim.
 
* ''[[The Return of the King]]'', passim.
 
* ''[[The Return of the King]]'', passim.
* ''[[Appendix A]]''.
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* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', [[Appendix A]]
 
* ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jarl_in_Sweden "Jarl" on Wikipedia]  
 
* ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jarl_in_Sweden "Jarl" on Wikipedia]  
* [[Arden R. Smith]]: ''Transitions in Translations: Upphaflega íslensk heiti'', in: [[Vinyar Tengwar 42]], pages 35-37.
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* ''Transitions in Translations: Upphaflega íslensk heiti'' by [[Arden R. Smith]], in [[Vinyar Tengwar 42]], pages 35-37.
 
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{{sequence
 
{{sequence

Revision as of 12:42, 14 July 2008

Jan Pospisil - Eorl the Young at Celebrant.jpg
Eorl
Rohir
Biographical Information
Other namesthe Young
PositionLord of the Éothéod, King of Rohan
BirthT.A. 2485
RuleT.A. 2510 - T.A. 2545
DeathT.A. 2545
Family
ParentageLeod
ChildrenBrego
Physical Description
GenderMale

Eorl the Young (Third Age 2485 – 2545, aged 60 years) was the son of Léod of the Éothéod, and founder of Rohan.

Life

Eorl was known as "the Young" because he became Lord of the Éothéod at the age of 16. His father Leod was killed while trying to tame Felarof.

In T.A. 2510, Borondir Udalraph came to the north seeking aid, as the South-kingdom was attacked by the Orcs and the Balchoth. On April 15th, Eorl came to the Field of Celebrant, and joined the battle. For his service to Gondor, he was granted Calenardhon to dwell in. As a return, Eorl and his descendants would have to come to the aid of Gondor when they requested; this was known as the Oath of Eorl. This would be answered at least twice: once by Folcred and Fastred, and once by Théoden Ednew.

Eorl died in battle against the Easterlings in T.A. 2545.

Etymology

Eorl is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as jarl in Old Norse, and because of that, the Þórsteinn Thorarensen used this throughout his Icelandic translation of The Lord of the Rings, along with Hjálmur, Þengill, Þjódan and Jómar.

Compare Ceorl, the second rank.

References

Preceded by:
Léod
Lord of the Éothéod
III 2501 – 2510
Followed by:
none (abandoned)
Preceded by:
none
1st King of Rohan
III 2510 – 2545
Followed by:
Brego