|Other names||the Young|
|Position||Lord of the Éothéod, King of Rohan|
|Birth||T.A. 2485 |
|Rule||T.A. 2510 - T.A. 2545|
|Death||T.A. 2545 |
In T.A. 2510, Borondir Udalraph came to the north seeking aid, as the South-kingdom was attacked by the Orcs and the Balchoth. On April 15th, Eorl came to the Field of Celebrant, and joined the battle. For his service to Gondor, he was granted Calenardhon to dwell in. As a return, Eorl and his descendants would have to come to the aid of Gondor when they requested; this was known as the Oath of Eorl. This would be answered at least twice: once by Folcred and Fastred, and once by Théoden Ednew.
Eorl died in battle against the Easterlings in T.A. 2545.
Eorl is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as jarl in Old Norse, and because of that, the Icelandic translation of uses this throughout (along with Hjálmur, Þengill, Þjódan and Jómar).
Compare Ceorl, the second rank.
- Unfinished Tales, Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan.
- The Two Towers, passim.
- The Return of the King, passim.
- Appendix A.
- "Jarl" on Wikipedia
- Arden R. Smith: Transitions in Translations: Upphaflega íslensk heiti, in: Vinyar Tengwar 42, pages 35-37.
|Lord of the Éothéod
|1st King of Rohan