Eorlingas was a name taken by the Éothéod who resettled among the green fields of Calenardhon after the Battle of the Field of Celebrant. Calendardhon was gifted to them by Steward Cirion of Gondor, who had been aided by these people under their lord, Eorl the Young. It is from Eorl's name that the word 'Eorlingas' is taken: it refers his followers and descendants. These were the people better known as the Riders of Rohan or the Rohirrim.
- "Arise now, arise, Riders of Théoden!Dire deeds awake, dark it is eastward.Let horse be bridled, horn be sounded!Forth Eorlingas!"
- ― King Théoden
In a manuscript, the form Eorlings also occurs.
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The King of the Golden Hall"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages", p. 34 (§14)