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Essë

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[[Image:Essë.gif|frame|right|Essë]]
 
[[Image:Essë.gif|frame|right|Essë]]
'''Essë''' is the [[Quenya]] word for "name", as well as the 31st [[tengwar|tengwa]] letter. In [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien's]] [[legendarium]], [[High Elves]] are given three names in their lives, the '''[[essi]]''', the '''[[amilessë]]''' (''mother-name''), and the '''[[epessë]]''' (nickname or honorary title).  
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'''Essë''' is the [[Quenya]] word for "name", as well as the 31st [[tengwar|tengwa]] letter. In [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien's]] [[legendarium]], [[High Elves]] are given three names in their lives, the '''[[essi]]''' ("father-name"), the '''[[amilessë]]''' ("mother-name"), and the '''[[epessë]]''' ("after-name" or honorary title).  
  
 
* [[Essi]]: chosen by the father and often based on the father's own name or derived from old legends. Given at or near birth.
 
* [[Essi]]: chosen by the father and often based on the father's own name or derived from old legends. Given at or near birth.
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* [[Epessë]]: often chosen by the elf himself or herself as an honorific later in life.
 
* [[Epessë]]: often chosen by the elf himself or herself as an honorific later in life.
  
The amilessë was a private name used by family and close friends. The father-name is the name an elf used in public until an epessë was chosen. In ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', when an elf does not yet have an epessë, the Sindarin version of his mother- or father-name is used.
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The amilessë was a private name used by family and close friends. The essi is the name an elf used in public until an epessë was chosen. In ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', when an elf does not yet have an epessë, the Sindarin version of his mother- or father-name is used.
  
 
=== Examples ===
 
=== Examples ===
*'''[[Maglor]]''': The son of [[Fëanor]] of the [[House of Finwë]], was given the essi ''Canafinwë'' ("Strong-voiced [of] Finwë"). His amilessë was ''Makalaurë'' ("Forging Gold" in the poetic sense). The name Maglor is the [[Sindarin]] version of his amilessë.
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*'''[[Maglor]]''': The son of [[Fëanor]] of the [[House of Finwë]], was given the essi ''Canafinwë'' ("Strong-voiced [of] Finwë"). His amilessë was ''Makalaurë'' ("Forging Gold" in the poetic sense). The name Maglor is the [[Sindarin]] version of his mother-name.
  
 
* '''[[Ereinion Gil-galad]]''': The son of [[Orodreth of Nargothrond|Orodreth]] was given the essi ''Rodnor''. His amilessë was ''Gil-galad'' ("Star of Radiance"). As [[High King of the Noldor]], his epessë was ''Ereinion'' ("Scion of Kings").
 
* '''[[Ereinion Gil-galad]]''': The son of [[Orodreth of Nargothrond|Orodreth]] was given the essi ''Rodnor''. His amilessë was ''Gil-galad'' ("Star of Radiance"). As [[High King of the Noldor]], his epessë was ''Ereinion'' ("Scion of Kings").
  
*'''[[Finrod Felagund]]''': The son of [[Finarfin]] was given the father-name of ''Findaráto'' ("[Golden-]Hair Champion"). His mother-name was ''Ingoldo'' ("The Noldo", singular for [[Noldor]]). He is usually referred to as ''Felagund'' ("Hewer of Caves"), originally a derogatory nickname given to him because of his dwelling at [[Nargothrond]]. Finrod adopted the name as his epessë and made it a title of honour. The name Finrod is the Sindarin version of his father-name.
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*'''[[Finrod Felagund]]''': The son of [[Finarfin]] was given the essi of ''Findaráto'' ("[Golden-]Hair Champion"). His amilessë was ''Ingoldo'' ("The Noldo", singular for [[Noldor]]). He is usually referred to as ''Felagund'' ("Hewer of Caves"), originally a derogatory nickname given to him because of his dwelling at [[Nargothrond]]. Finrod adopted the name as his epessë and made it a title of honour. The name Finrod is the Sindarin version of his father-name.
  
 
*'''[[Galadriel]]''': The only daughter of Finarfin was given the essi of ''Artanis'' ("Noble Woman") and the amilessë of ''Nerwen'' ("Man-maiden"). Her epessë, ''Alatáriel'' ("Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland"), was given to her by her husband, [[Celeborn, Lord of Lórien|Celeborn]]. The name Galadriel is the Sindarin version of her epessë.
 
*'''[[Galadriel]]''': The only daughter of Finarfin was given the essi of ''Artanis'' ("Noble Woman") and the amilessë of ''Nerwen'' ("Man-maiden"). Her epessë, ''Alatáriel'' ("Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland"), was given to her by her husband, [[Celeborn, Lord of Lórien|Celeborn]]. The name Galadriel is the Sindarin version of her epessë.

Revision as of 18:04, 5 May 2006

Essë

Essë is the Quenya word for "name", as well as the 31st tengwa letter. In Tolkien's legendarium, High Elves are given three names in their lives, the essi ("father-name"), the amilessë ("mother-name"), and the epessë ("after-name" or honorary title).

  • Essi: chosen by the father and often based on the father's own name or derived from old legends. Given at or near birth.
  • Amilessë: chosen by the mother and often prophetic in nature. Given at or near birth.
  • Epessë: often chosen by the elf himself or herself as an honorific later in life.

The amilessë was a private name used by family and close friends. The essi is the name an elf used in public until an epessë was chosen. In The Silmarillion, when an elf does not yet have an epessë, the Sindarin version of his mother- or father-name is used.

Examples

  • Maglor: The son of Fëanor of the House of Finwë, was given the essi Canafinwë ("Strong-voiced [of] Finwë"). His amilessë was Makalaurë ("Forging Gold" in the poetic sense). The name Maglor is the Sindarin version of his mother-name.
  • Finrod Felagund: The son of Finarfin was given the essi of Findaráto ("[Golden-]Hair Champion"). His amilessë was Ingoldo ("The Noldo", singular for Noldor). He is usually referred to as Felagund ("Hewer of Caves"), originally a derogatory nickname given to him because of his dwelling at Nargothrond. Finrod adopted the name as his epessë and made it a title of honour. The name Finrod is the Sindarin version of his father-name.
  • Galadriel: The only daughter of Finarfin was given the essi of Artanis ("Noble Woman") and the amilessë of Nerwen ("Man-maiden"). Her epessë, Alatáriel ("Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland"), was given to her by her husband, Celeborn. The name Galadriel is the Sindarin version of her epessë.
  • Amras: The last son of the House of Finwë was given the essi Telufinwë, ("Last [of] Finwë"). His amilessë was Umbarto ("The Fated"). His mother's choice was prophetic, because Amras was the first of the sons of Fëanor to die, accidentally killed in the swan ships of the Teleri when his father ordered them to be burnt at Losgar. The name Amras is the Sindarin version of his father-name.