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Ethir

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(Pronunciation)
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'''ethir''' is the form of two unrelated [[Sindarin]] words (homophones) with different meanings:
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'''''ethir''''' is the form of two unrelated [[Sindarin]] words (homophones) with different meanings:
=Ethir.1=
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==Ethir.1==
 
"mouth of a river, estuary"
 
"mouth of a river, estuary"
==Etymology==
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===Etymology===
 
It is derived from [[Primitive Quendian]] ''[[etsiri]]''<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, entry [[ET]]</ref>
 
It is derived from [[Primitive Quendian]] ''[[etsiri]]''<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, entry [[ET]]</ref>
  
It can be analyzed as ''[[ed]]'' + ''[[sîr]]'' (''s'' reduced to ''h'' because of [[lenition]]).  
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It can be analyzed as ''[[ed]]'' + ''[[sîr]]'' (''s'' reduced to ''h'' because of [[lenition]]).
==Pronunciation==
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===Pronunciation===
 
There is some controversy on the pronunciation of the word regarding the digraph ''th''<ref>[[Jim Allan]] (ed.) ''[[An Introduction to Elvish]]'', "Proto-Eldarin vowels" by [[Christopher Gilson]]</ref>.
 
There is some controversy on the pronunciation of the word regarding the digraph ''th''<ref>[[Jim Allan]] (ed.) ''[[An Introduction to Elvish]]'', "Proto-Eldarin vowels" by [[Christopher Gilson]]</ref>.
  
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Another view would be that PQ ''etsiri'' evolved as [[Old Sindarin]] *''ett<sup>h</sup>ire''<ref>[[Didier Willis]]' ''Sindarin Dictionary'' version of 2001; containing etymological reconstructions by [[David Salo]]</ref> before simplified as ''ethir''. In that case the PQ cluster ''ts'' was directly derived as ''th'' in Sindarin. The word would be pronounced as {{IPA|[ˈeθir]}}.
 
Another view would be that PQ ''etsiri'' evolved as [[Old Sindarin]] *''ett<sup>h</sup>ire''<ref>[[Didier Willis]]' ''Sindarin Dictionary'' version of 2001; containing etymological reconstructions by [[David Salo]]</ref> before simplified as ''ethir''. In that case the PQ cluster ''ts'' was directly derived as ''th'' in Sindarin. The word would be pronounced as {{IPA|[ˈeθir]}}.
  
=Ethir.2=
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==Ethir.2==
"spy"  
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"spy"
==Etymology==
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Derived from ''[[ed]]'' + ''[[tirn]]''.  Examples include ''[[Amon Ethir]]''.
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===Etymology===
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Derived from ''[[ed]]'' + ''[[tirn]]''.  Examples include ''[[Amon Ethir]]''.<ref>{{S|Turin}}</ref>
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{{references}}
 
{{references}}
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{{title|lowercase}}
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]

Latest revision as of 00:54, 18 February 2013

ethir is the form of two unrelated Sindarin words (homophones) with different meanings:

Contents

[edit] Ethir.1

"mouth of a river, estuary"

[edit] Etymology

It is derived from Primitive Quendian etsiri[1]

It can be analyzed as ed + sîr (s reduced to h because of lenition).

[edit] Pronunciation

There is some controversy on the pronunciation of the word regarding the digraph th[2].

One view says that it can be viewed as a compound: ed/et + sîr would trigger a lenition ed/et + hîr. If preposition and stem are understood as different entities, t/h should be pronounced separately ([ˈethir]) (like English "at-home").

Another view would be that PQ etsiri evolved as Old Sindarin *etthire[3] before simplified as ethir. In that case the PQ cluster ts was directly derived as th in Sindarin. The word would be pronounced as [ˈeθir].

[edit] Ethir.2

"spy"

[edit] Etymology

Derived from ed + tirn. Examples include Amon Ethir.[4]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", entry ET
  2. Jim Allan (ed.) An Introduction to Elvish, "Proto-Eldarin vowels" by Christopher Gilson
  3. Didier Willis' Sindarin Dictionary version of 2001; containing etymological reconstructions by David Salo
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Túrin Turambar"