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Fallohides

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The '''Fallohides''' are one of the three races of [[Hobbits]].
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[[Image:Hobbits comparison.jpg|thumb|The three branches of the Hobbits, portrayed by Lidia Postma]]
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'''Fallohides''' were one of three original divisions of hobbit-kind, along with the [[Harfoots]] and [[Stoors]]. The Fallohides were the least numerous of the three branches, and originally dwelt in the northern parts of [[Middle-earth]].<ref name="hobbits">{{FR|Hobbits}}</ref>
  
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==Characteristics==
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In appearance, Fallohides were taller and slimmer of build than the other [[Hobbits]], with some growing to four feet or more in height. Both their skin and their hair tended to be fair, and no Fallohide ever grew a beard.
  
The Fallohides were the least common of Hobbits, and in their earliest known history they lived in the forested region where later was the [[Eagles]] Eyrie near the High Pass to the north, in the Vale of [[Anduin]]. To their south lived the far more numerous [[Harfoots]], and far south in the [[Gladden Fields]] lived the [[Stoors]].
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While the other two branches of hobbit-kind were pastoral and rustic in nature, the Fallohides retained a hunting tradition, and so were naturally bolder and more inquisitive than their relatives, but less gifted in the arts of farming and agriculture.<ref name="hobbits"/>
  
The Fallohides were fair of skin and hair, and none of them ever grew a beard. They were great lovers of the trees and forests, and skilled hunters. Many of them were friends with the Elves, and because of this they were more learned than the other Hobbits. They were the first to later learn [[Westron]], and the only ones to preserve some of their old history.
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As Fallohidish culture was much more open to outside influence than that of the Stoors or Harfoots, they were friendlier with the other [[races]] of [[Middle-earth]] than their cousins, especially with the [[Elves]]. Perhaps because of this, they were skilled in both song and speech, and were lovers of trees and of woodlands.<ref name="hobbits"/>
  
After the Harfoots had migrated westward in the years following 1050 of the [[Third Age]], the Fallohides followed them around 1150. Unlike the Harfoots they crossed far north of [[Rivendell]], and from there later met up with the Harfoots.
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==History==
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The Fallohides seem to have dwelt originally on the upper reaches of the River [[Anduin]], in the region where the [[Greylin]] and the [[Langwell]] flowed into the [[Anduin|Great River]]. It is likely that they mixed with the ancestors of the [[Rohirrim]] at this time, for the [[Northmen]] also dwelt in this region, and this is likely the origin of the legend of the [[holbytlan]] found in [[Rohan]]<ref>{{TT|III8}}</ref>.
  
The Fallohides were more bold and adventurous than the Harfoots, and many of them became leaders of the Harfoot villages. It was probably under Fallohide rule that the Harfoots migrated westward beyond [[Weathertop]] and reached [[Bree]].
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At the end of the first millennium of the [[Third Age]], evil things began to stir in the east of Middle-earth, and many peoples, including the ancestral Hobbits, began to travel westward across the [[Misty Mountains]]. The first Hobbits to enter [[Eriador]] were the Harfoots; the Fallohides deserted their northern homes in around {{TA|1150}},<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref> and crossed the Mountains to the north of [[Rivendell]], at the sources of the River [[Hoarwell]].<ref name="hobbits"/>
  
In 1601 two Fallohide brothers, ''Marcho'' and ''Blanco'', by permission of the King in [[Fornost]] ([[Argeleb II]]) crossed the river [[Baranduin]] (Brandywine) and colonized [[The Shire]].
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The tribes of the Fallohidish Hobbits travelled slowly down the course of the Hoarwell, and westward across [[Eriador]]. They eventually settled in the region around [[Bree]], in c.{{TA|1300}},<ref name="TA"/> where their adventurous and intrepid natures made them natural leaders of the other Hobbits they found there. It was presumably at about this time that the three strains of Hobbits began to mix freely for the first time.
  
The Fallohides learned Westron from the [[Men (Middle-earth)|Men]] of Arnor, and it was they who first learned writing.
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Three hundred years later (in the year {{TA|1601}})<ref name="TA"/>, two Fallohide brothers, [[Marcho]] and [[Blanco]], travelled westward again from Bree with their followers and crossed the Bridge of Stonebows (later the [[Brandywine Bridge]]). They settled in the empty land that they found there and were granted it by King [[Argeleb II]] of [[Arthedain]], in whose realm it lay. This was the land that was to become known as [[the Shire]].<ref name="hobbits"/>
  
After this the Fallohides mixed more and more with the Harfoots and later the Stoors, until the three Hobbit races became one.
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As the centuries passed, the three distinct strains of the Hobbits gradually began to disappear as they mingled with one another in the Shire. Nonetheless, there were families that retained a strong line of Fallohidish blood, and the impetuosity that went with it. At the time of the [[War of the Ring]], the Fallohidish line was still well represented in the families of the [[Took Family|Tooks]], the [[Bolger Family|Bolgers]] and the [[Brandybuck Family|Brandybucks]].<ref name="hobbits"/>
  
The influental [[Took]] clan had distinct Fallohide traces both in appearance and character, as did the ''Oldbuck'' and later [[Brandybuck]] clan. Both [[Bilbo Baggins]] and [[Frodo Baggins]] were part Fallohide, due to their Took mothers.
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In some old families, especially those of Fallohide origin it was, the custom to give high-sounding first-names such as [[Isengrim]].<ref>{{App|F2}}</ref>
  
Other famous Fallohides included Bandobras [[Bullroarer Took]], who slew an [[Orcs|Orc]] leader, and [[Peregrin Took]] as son of the [[Thain]] was a Fallohide.
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==Etymology==
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''Fallohide'' is a translation of an archaic [[Hobbitish]] word.
  
[[Category:Hobbits]]
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The word derived from the archaic English words ''fallow'', meaning "pale, yellowish" (not now in use, except in "fallow deer"), and ''hide'' (which is no longer applied to human skin). In modern English, ''Fallohide'' would be rendered as 'Paleskin'.<ref name="Nomen">{{HM|N}}, p. 757</ref>
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Races of Hobbits]]
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[[Category:Fallohides]]
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[[de:Falbhäute]]
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[[fr:encyclo/peuples/hobbits/pales]]
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[[fi:Helokesit]]

Revision as of 10:01, 31 October 2012

File:Hobbits comparison.jpg
The three branches of the Hobbits, portrayed by Lidia Postma

Fallohides were one of three original divisions of hobbit-kind, along with the Harfoots and Stoors. The Fallohides were the least numerous of the three branches, and originally dwelt in the northern parts of Middle-earth.[1]

Contents

Characteristics

In appearance, Fallohides were taller and slimmer of build than the other Hobbits, with some growing to four feet or more in height. Both their skin and their hair tended to be fair, and no Fallohide ever grew a beard.

While the other two branches of hobbit-kind were pastoral and rustic in nature, the Fallohides retained a hunting tradition, and so were naturally bolder and more inquisitive than their relatives, but less gifted in the arts of farming and agriculture.[1]

As Fallohidish culture was much more open to outside influence than that of the Stoors or Harfoots, they were friendlier with the other races of Middle-earth than their cousins, especially with the Elves. Perhaps because of this, they were skilled in both song and speech, and were lovers of trees and of woodlands.[1]

History

The Fallohides seem to have dwelt originally on the upper reaches of the River Anduin, in the region where the Greylin and the Langwell flowed into the Great River. It is likely that they mixed with the ancestors of the Rohirrim at this time, for the Northmen also dwelt in this region, and this is likely the origin of the legend of the holbytlan found in Rohan[2].

At the end of the first millennium of the Third Age, evil things began to stir in the east of Middle-earth, and many peoples, including the ancestral Hobbits, began to travel westward across the Misty Mountains. The first Hobbits to enter Eriador were the Harfoots; the Fallohides deserted their northern homes in around T.A. 1150,[3] and crossed the Mountains to the north of Rivendell, at the sources of the River Hoarwell.[1]

The tribes of the Fallohidish Hobbits travelled slowly down the course of the Hoarwell, and westward across Eriador. They eventually settled in the region around Bree, in c.T.A. 1300,[3] where their adventurous and intrepid natures made them natural leaders of the other Hobbits they found there. It was presumably at about this time that the three strains of Hobbits began to mix freely for the first time.

Three hundred years later (in the year T.A. 1601)[3], two Fallohide brothers, Marcho and Blanco, travelled westward again from Bree with their followers and crossed the Bridge of Stonebows (later the Brandywine Bridge). They settled in the empty land that they found there and were granted it by King Argeleb II of Arthedain, in whose realm it lay. This was the land that was to become known as the Shire.[1]

As the centuries passed, the three distinct strains of the Hobbits gradually began to disappear as they mingled with one another in the Shire. Nonetheless, there were families that retained a strong line of Fallohidish blood, and the impetuosity that went with it. At the time of the War of the Ring, the Fallohidish line was still well represented in the families of the Tooks, the Bolgers and the Brandybucks.[1]

In some old families, especially those of Fallohide origin it was, the custom to give high-sounding first-names such as Isengrim.[4]

Etymology

Fallohide is a translation of an archaic Hobbitish word.

The word derived from the archaic English words fallow, meaning "pale, yellowish" (not now in use, except in "fallow deer"), and hide (which is no longer applied to human skin). In modern English, Fallohide would be rendered as 'Paleskin'.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue", "Concerning Hobbits"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Road to Isengard"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 757