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Falmari

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|haircolor=Dark, sometimes silver
 
|haircolor=Dark, sometimes silver
 
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|distinctions=Made the swanships stolen by [[Fëanor]] during the [[Kinslaying at Alqualondë|Kinslaying]]
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|distinctions=Singers, mariners, builders of swanships [[Kinslaying at Alqualondë|stolen]] by [[Fëanor]]
|lifespan=[[Immortality|Immortal]]
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|lifespan=Immortal
|members=[[Olwë]], [[Eärwen]], [[Celeborn]]
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|members=[[Olwë]], [[Eärwen]], [[Teleporno]]
 
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The '''Falmari''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[ˈfalmari]}}, [[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[ˈɸalmari]}}) or '''Teleri''' of Aman, were those of the [[Teleri]] who followed the [[Great Journey]] into [[Beleriand]] and reached [[Valinor]].  
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The '''Falmari''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[ˈfalmari]}}, [[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[ˈɸalmari]}}) or '''Teleri''' of Aman, were those of the [[Teleri]] who followed the [[Great Journey]] into [[Beleriand]] and reached [[Valinor]].<ref name=s3/><ref name=index/>
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==History==
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{{main|Lindar}}
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The Teleri were the most numerous Elven clan and also the most slow and reluctant of the Great Journey; many turned back or stayed behind. Their leaders were the brothers [[Elwë]] and [[Olwë]], but when Elwë became lost in [[Beleriand]], [[Eglath|many]] of his people refused to carry on to [[Aman]] until he had been found; it was Olwë who led the rest to the shores of Beleriand.<ref name=s3>{{S|Captivity}}</ref>
  
Once in [[Beleriand]], one of their lords, [[Elwë]], became lost, and many of his people refused to carry on to [[Aman]] until he had been found.  
+
As they waited for [[Ulmo]]'s floating island, they lingered at the [[Bay of Balar]] where they were befriended and taught by Ulmo's vassal, [[Osse]]. When Ulmo returned to take the bulk of the Teleri with Olwe to the West, Osse convinced some of them to forsake Valinor and stay behind with him. These afterwards became the [[Falathrim]].<ref name=s3/>
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===In the West===
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As Ulmo ferried the floating island to the West, the Teleri again heard [[Ossë]]'s song and begged Ulmo to stop off the shore, which he did. Ossë fastened the island to the bottom, and it became [[Tol Eressëa]], the lonely isle off the [[Bay of Eldamar]]. These Teleri became known as Falmari and their [[Telerin|language]] eventually diverged from [[Quenya|that]] of the [[Vanyar]] and the [[Noldor]].<ref name=s3/>
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[[File:Steamey - Ossë and the Teleri.jpg|thumb|Steamey - ''Ossë and the Teleri'']]
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However soon the Falmari of the island longed for the splendour and [[Light of Valinor]] and wished to see their kindred there, the [[Vanyar]] and the [[Noldor]]. Grieving, Ossë submitted to the will of the [[Valar]] and Ulmo, and taught them ship-building and offered them [[swans]] to draw them to Valinor. There they built the city haven of [[Alqualonde]] with Olwe their King.<ref name=s3/>
 +
[[File:Ted Nasmith - The Kinslaying at Alqualondë.jpg|thumb|left|[[Ted Nasmith]] - ''The Kinslaying at Alqualondë'']]
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The Teleri were mostly close to the Noldor. However during the [[Flight of the Noldor]], the Telerin mariners refused to join the host of [[Feanor]] in leaving Valinor. They attempted to protect their swan-ships from the Noldor, however they were armed only with [[bows]]. Many of them were cruelly slain in the [[Kinslaying at Alqualondë]].<ref>{{S|9}}</ref>
  
Elwë's brother [[Olwë]] led the rest across the Great Sea to the [[Blessed Realm]].  
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In the later years of the [[First Age]], Alqualonde was visited by [[Earendil]] and [[Elwing]] who had reached Valinor. Elwing stayed a little there and told stories to the Teleri about the griefs of [[Beleriand]] and were filled with pity and wonder. Because of their bitterness against the Noldor few or none of the Teleri joined the [[Host of the Valar]] which set out to capture [[Morgoth]] for good.<ref name=war/>
  
Later when [[Ulmo]] returned with the island ferry, the Teleri had grown to love the sea. Ossë convinced Ulmo to anchor the island in the bay of [[Eldamar]], off the shores of Aman, and persuaded many of the Teleri to reamin in Middle-Earth. The Teleri long remained on this [[Tol Eressëa|Lonely Isle]], and their language changed in different ways from that of the Vanyar and Ñoldor. Much later the Teleri learned to build ships, and finally made it to Aman.
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After the [[War of Wrath]] the Elves of Middle-earth were admitted to the Lonely Isle and Valinor. The Teleri eventually forgave the Ñoldor for the Kinslaying, the [[Curse of Mandos]] was lifted and the two kindreds were at peace again.<ref name=war>{{S|Earendil}}</ref>
  
The Teleri refused to join the Noldor in leaving Valinor, and many of them were cruelly slain in the [[Kinslaying at Alqualondë|Kinslaying]] at their chief city of [[Alqualondë]], or Swan Harbour. For this reason few or none of the Teleri joined the host of the [[Valar]] which set out to capture [[Morgoth]] for good. It is recounted that the Teleri eventually forgave the Ñoldor for the Kinslaying, and the two kindreds were at peace again.
+
During the [[Second Age]], Elves from Tol Eressea (presumably mainly Falmari), visited the island of [[Númenor]], specifically [[Andúnië]], bringing gifts and plants to the [[Númenóreans]]. But that was until Númenor fell under the [[Shadow]], and the Eldar stopped visiting the island.<ref>{{S|Akallabeth}}</ref>
  
Their tongue, known as ''Telerin'' or ''Lindalambë'' (tongue of the Lindar), was considered by some to be a dialect of [[Quenya]], but the Teleri themselves considered it to be an independent language. It was much more conservative than Quenya, and was the closest to [[Common Telerin]] (from which [[Sindarin]] and [[Nandorin]] were also derived), and even to [[Common Eldarin]] of the later Elvish languages.
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==Culture==
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Having being taught by Osse, the Teleri were masters of music, the sea and shipbuilding, and they used [[Swan-ships]]. When the Falmari reached Eldamar, they were close to the Noldor, who offered them many jewels and crystals, which they used to adorn their pools and beaches; the Falmari prized the pearls which they found form the sea and used for their halls.<ref name=s3>{{S|Princes}}</ref> The Teleri also prized [[silver]] (which they called ''[[telpe]]'') above [[gold]].<ref>{{UT|6e}}</ref>
  
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Although they spoke a different language, the closeness of the two peoples resulted in a [[wikipedia:sprachbund|sprachbund]], and the speech of the Noldor had some influence from Telerin.<ref>{{PM|Shibboleth}}</ref>
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
The name is [[Quenya]] and related to the word ''[[falma]]'' "wave". The singular term must have been *''Falmaro'' meaning "wave-er" (cf. ending ''[[-ro]]'').{{fact}}
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The name is [[Quenya]] meaning "wave-folk"<ref name=cirdan>{{PM|XIII}}</ref> and contains the word ''[[falma]]'' "wave".<ref>{{S|Elements}}</ref>
  
In ''[[The Silmarillion]]'' the Teleri of Aman are simply known as 'the Teleri', from the Vanyar and Noldor point of view; in fact the Teleri of Aman were properly just the branch of that people.
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The name "Falmari" (which is preferred in this article) is found only once<ref name=s3/> in the published ''[[Silmarillion]]'', where the Teleri of Aman are mostly known as 'the Teleri' (obviously representing the Noldorin point of view); however the Teleri of Aman were properly just the branch of the Telerin clan.<ref name=index>{{S|Index}}</ref>
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In one text, the names '''Falmari''' (Quenya) and '''[[Falathrim]]''' (Sindarin) both refer to the people of [[Círdan]] in [[Beleriand]]<ref name=cirdan/> however elsewhere, as well as in the published ''Silmarillion'', the Quenya name refers to those in Valinor,<ref name=p3i3/><ref name=index/> and the Sindarin name to those of the [[Falas]].<ref name=index/>
  
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
In the early versions of Tolkien's mythology (see: ''[[The History of Middle-earth]]''), they were known as '''''Solosimpi''''' ("Pipers of the Shores"), while the name ''Teleri'' was given to the clan of Elves known in the published version of ''[[The Silmarillion]]'' as [[Vanyar]].
+
In the early versions of Tolkien's mythology (see: ''[[The Book of Lost Tales]]''), they were known as '''''Solosimpi''''' ("Pipers of the Shores"), while the name ''Teleri'' was given to the clan of Elves known in the published version of ''[[The Silmarillion]]'' as [[Vanyar]].
  
 +
Other early names for the Teleri were '''Soloneldi''' (before being altered to "Falmari")<ref name=p3i3>{{MR|P3I3}}</ref> and '''Falmarindi''' meaning "foam-riders".<ref>{{LR|A2}}</ref>
 
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Elven peoples]]
 
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[[Category:Falmari| ]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
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[[de:Falmari]]
 
[[fi:Falmari]]
 
[[fi:Falmari]]

Latest revision as of 19:09, 25 June 2016

Ted Nasmith - The Ships of the Teleri Drawn by Swans.jpg
Falmari
People
DominionsAlqualondë, Tol Eressëa
LanguagesTelerin
Hair colorDark, sometimes silver
DistinctionsSingers, mariners, builders of swanships stolen by Fëanor
LifespanImmortal
MembersOlwë, Eärwen, Teleporno

The Falmari (Q, pron. N [ˈfalmari], V [ˈɸalmari]) or Teleri of Aman, were those of the Teleri who followed the Great Journey into Beleriand and reached Valinor.[1][2]

Contents

[edit] History

Main article: Lindar

The Teleri were the most numerous Elven clan and also the most slow and reluctant of the Great Journey; many turned back or stayed behind. Their leaders were the brothers Elwë and Olwë, but when Elwë became lost in Beleriand, many of his people refused to carry on to Aman until he had been found; it was Olwë who led the rest to the shores of Beleriand.[1]

As they waited for Ulmo's floating island, they lingered at the Bay of Balar where they were befriended and taught by Ulmo's vassal, Osse. When Ulmo returned to take the bulk of the Teleri with Olwe to the West, Osse convinced some of them to forsake Valinor and stay behind with him. These afterwards became the Falathrim.[1]

[edit] In the West

As Ulmo ferried the floating island to the West, the Teleri again heard Ossë's song and begged Ulmo to stop off the shore, which he did. Ossë fastened the island to the bottom, and it became Tol Eressëa, the lonely isle off the Bay of Eldamar. These Teleri became known as Falmari and their language eventually diverged from that of the Vanyar and the Noldor.[1]

Steamey - Ossë and the Teleri

However soon the Falmari of the island longed for the splendour and Light of Valinor and wished to see their kindred there, the Vanyar and the Noldor. Grieving, Ossë submitted to the will of the Valar and Ulmo, and taught them ship-building and offered them swans to draw them to Valinor. There they built the city haven of Alqualonde with Olwe their King.[1]

Ted Nasmith - The Kinslaying at Alqualondë

The Teleri were mostly close to the Noldor. However during the Flight of the Noldor, the Telerin mariners refused to join the host of Feanor in leaving Valinor. They attempted to protect their swan-ships from the Noldor, however they were armed only with bows. Many of them were cruelly slain in the Kinslaying at Alqualondë.[3]

In the later years of the First Age, Alqualonde was visited by Earendil and Elwing who had reached Valinor. Elwing stayed a little there and told stories to the Teleri about the griefs of Beleriand and were filled with pity and wonder. Because of their bitterness against the Noldor few or none of the Teleri joined the Host of the Valar which set out to capture Morgoth for good.[4]

After the War of Wrath the Elves of Middle-earth were admitted to the Lonely Isle and Valinor. The Teleri eventually forgave the Ñoldor for the Kinslaying, the Curse of Mandos was lifted and the two kindreds were at peace again.[4]

During the Second Age, Elves from Tol Eressea (presumably mainly Falmari), visited the island of Númenor, specifically Andúnië, bringing gifts and plants to the Númenóreans. But that was until Númenor fell under the Shadow, and the Eldar stopped visiting the island.[5]

[edit] Culture

Having being taught by Osse, the Teleri were masters of music, the sea and shipbuilding, and they used Swan-ships. When the Falmari reached Eldamar, they were close to the Noldor, who offered them many jewels and crystals, which they used to adorn their pools and beaches; the Falmari prized the pearls which they found form the sea and used for their halls.[1] The Teleri also prized silver (which they called telpe) above gold.[6]

Although they spoke a different language, the closeness of the two peoples resulted in a sprachbund, and the speech of the Noldor had some influence from Telerin.[7]

[edit] Etymology

The name is Quenya meaning "wave-folk"[8] and contains the word falma "wave".[9]

The name "Falmari" (which is preferred in this article) is found only once[1] in the published Silmarillion, where the Teleri of Aman are mostly known as 'the Teleri' (obviously representing the Noldorin point of view); however the Teleri of Aman were properly just the branch of the Telerin clan.[2]

In one text, the names Falmari (Quenya) and Falathrim (Sindarin) both refer to the people of Círdan in Beleriand[8] however elsewhere, as well as in the published Silmarillion, the Quenya name refers to those in Valinor,[10][2] and the Sindarin name to those of the Falas.[2]

[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

In the early versions of Tolkien's mythology (see: The Book of Lost Tales), they were known as Solosimpi ("Pipers of the Shores"), while the name Teleri was given to the clan of Elves known in the published version of The Silmarillion as Vanyar.

Other early names for the Teleri were Soloneldi (before being altered to "Falmari")[10] and Falmarindi meaning "foam-riders".[11]

Elves
(Quendi · People of the Stars · Firstborn · Elder Kindred)
Three Kindreds:
(Eldar · Eldalië · Edhil)
 Vanyar (Fair-elves · Minyar) · Noldor (Deep-elves · Tatyar) · Teleri (Lindar · Nelyar)
Calaquendi:
(High-elves · Amanyar)
 Vanyar · Noldor · Falmari
Úmanyar:  Sindar (Grey-elves · Eglath) · Nandor (Green-elves · Silvan Elves)
 Moriquendi:  Úmanyar · Avari (Dark Elves · The Unwilling)
See Also:  Awakening of the Elves · Sundering of the Elves · Great Journey

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  8. 8.0 8.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Last Writings"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"
  10. 10.0 10.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (I) The First Phase: 3. Of the Coming of the Elves"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Appendix: II. The List of Names"