Tolkien Gateway

Farthings

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The four '''Farthings''' were four of the five (later six) divisions of [[the Shire]]. They were known simply as [[Northfarthing]], [[Westfarthing]], [[Southfarthing]] and [[Eastfarthing]].<ref>{{HM|FR}}</ref><ref>{{HM|RK}}</ref> The [[Westron]] word was ''[[tharni]]'', the [[Sindarin]] word (presumably) ''canath''.<ref>{{PM|Languages}}, §41</ref>   
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The four '''Farthings''' were four of the five (later six) divisions of [[the Shire]]. They were known simply as [[Northfarthing]], [[Westfarthing]], [[Southfarthing]] and [[Eastfarthing]].<ref>{{HM|FR}}</ref><ref>{{HM|RK}}</ref> The [[Westron]] word was ''[[tharni]]'', the [[Sindarin]] word (presumably) ''[[canath]]''.<ref>{{PM|Languages}}, §41</ref>   
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==Etymology==
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In English a farthing ([[Old English]] ''feorðing'' "fourth part, quarter" > ferthing'' "a negligible amount") is a quarter of a penny, in Shire geography used in the original sense 'fourth part'.
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[[Tolkien]] notes that the application to the divisions of the Shire to English ears has a perhaps comical effect.
  
 
==Inspiration==
 
==Inspiration==
The four Farthings of the Shire were based on the three traditional ''Ridings'' of [[Wikipedia:Yorkshire|Yorkshire]] (North, West and East).<ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 770 (see also p. 32)</ref><ref>{{WP|Riding (division)}}</ref>
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The four Farthings of the Shire were based on the three traditional ''Thridings'' of [[Wikipedia:Yorkshire|Yorkshire]], still used as divisions (Northriding, Westriding and Eastriding).<ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 770 (see also p. 32)</ref><ref>{{WP|Riding (division)}}</ref>
  
 
"Farthing" was used in Gloucestershire. Tolkien does not mention this in ''[[Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings|Nomenclature]]'', but it is likely he knew of its existence as his wife [[Edith Tolkien|Edith Bratt]] was born in Gloucestershire.
 
"Farthing" was used in Gloucestershire. Tolkien does not mention this in ''[[Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings|Nomenclature]]'', but it is likely he knew of its existence as his wife [[Edith Tolkien|Edith Bratt]] was born in Gloucestershire.

Revision as of 10:38, 14 October 2010

The four Farthings were four of the five (later six) divisions of the Shire. They were known simply as Northfarthing, Westfarthing, Southfarthing and Eastfarthing.[1][2] The Westron word was tharni, the Sindarin word (presumably) canath.[3]

Etymology

In English a farthing (Old English feorðing "fourth part, quarter" > ferthing "a negligible amount") is a quarter of a penny, in Shire geography used in the original sense 'fourth part'.

Tolkien notes that the application to the divisions of the Shire to English ears has a perhaps comical effect.

Inspiration

The four Farthings of the Shire were based on the three traditional Thridings of Yorkshire, still used as divisions (Northriding, Westriding and Eastriding).[4][5]

"Farthing" was used in Gloucestershire. Tolkien does not mention this in Nomenclature, but it is likely he knew of its existence as his wife Edith Bratt was born in Gloucestershire.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages", §41
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 770 (see also p. 32)
  5. Riding (division) at Wikipedia