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Farthings

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The four Farthings were four of the five (later six) divisions of the Shire. They were known simply as Northfarthing, Westfarthing, Southfarthing and Eastfarthing.[1][2] The Westron word was tharni, the Sindarin word (presumably) canath.[3]

Inspiration

The four Farthings of the Shire were based on the three traditional Ridings of Yorkshire (North, West and East).[4][5]

"Farthing" was used in Gloucestershire. Tolkien does not mention this in Nomenclature, but it is likely he knew of its existence as his wife Edith Bratt was born in Gloucestershire.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages", §41
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 770 (see also p. 32)
  5. Riding (division) at Wikipedia