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Finarfin

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{{familytree/end}}
 
{{noldor infobox
 
{{noldor infobox
| image=[[Image:Finarfin.jpg|250px]]<!-- We need a better picture. -->
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| image=[[File:Līga Kļaviņa - Royal Couple.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Finarfin
 
| name=Finarfin
| othernames=''Arafinwë'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Father-name|fn]]),<br/> ''Ingalaurë'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Amilessë|mn]])
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| pronun=
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| othernames=''Arafinwë'' ([[Quenya|Q]],[[Father-name|fn]]),<br/> ''Ingoldo'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Amilessë|mn]])
 
| titles=[[High King of the Noldor]]
 
| titles=[[High King of the Noldor]]
 
| position=
 
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| affiliation=
 
| affiliation=
 
| language=[[Quenya]]
 
| language=[[Quenya]]
| birth=[[Years of the Trees|Y.T.]] [[Years of the Trees 1230|1230]]
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| birth={{YT|1230}}
 
| birthlocation=[[Tirion]]
 
| birthlocation=[[Tirion]]
| rule=From [[Years of the Trees|Y.T.]] [[Years of the Trees 1495|1495]]
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| rule={{YT|1495}}
 
| death=
 
| death=
 
| deathlocation=
 
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| age=
 
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| notablefor=
 
| house=[[House of Finwë]]
 
| house=[[House of Finwë]]
| parentage=[[Finwë]] [[Indis]]
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| parentage=[[Finwë]] and [[Indis]]
 
| siblings=[[Fëanor]], [[Findis]], [[Fingolfin]] and [[Írimë]]
 
| siblings=[[Fëanor]], [[Findis]], [[Fingolfin]] and [[Írimë]]
 
| spouse=[[Eärwen]]
 
| spouse=[[Eärwen]]
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}}{{Pronounce|Finarfin.mp3|Ardamir}}
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}}
'''Finarfin''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[fiˈnarfin]}}; born in [[Valinor]] during the [[Years of the Trees]] 1230) was the youngest of the five children of [[Finwë]], [[High King of the Noldor]]. Finarfin's mother was [[Indis]], Finwë's second wife. The great [[Elves|Elf]] Lord [[Fëanor]] was his half-brother. His full siblings were [[Findis]], [[Fingolfin]], and [[Írimë]].
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== History ==
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'''Finarfin''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[fiˈnarfin]}}) was the youngest child and son of [[Finwë]] and [[Indis]]. After the [[Flight of the Noldor]] he remained in [[Tirion]] and ruled the Noldor who remained in [[Aman]].<ref>{{S|Index}}, ''Finarfin''</ref>
Two thousand years before the first rising of the [[Sun]], Finarfin married [[Eärwen]], daughter of [[Olwë]], King of the [[Teleri]] in [[Valinor]]. They had four children: [[Finrod]], [[Angrod]], [[Aegnor]] and [[Galadriel]]<ref>[[Orodreth]] appears as one of Finarfin's sons in the published ''[[The Silmarillion]]''. In [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien's]] writings, however, he clearly marked as [[Angrod]]'s son. [[Christopher Tolkien]], the editor of ''The Silmarillion'', later admitted the mistake.</ref>. Finarfin's mother was of the [[Vanyar]], and he inherited her fair hair, which he passed on to his children. All other Noldor had dark hair. Thus the Elves of the '''[[House of Finarfin]]''' were unique among their kin.
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==History==
 +
Finarfin was born in [[Valinor]] in {{YT|1230}}.<ref>{{MR|P2j}},p. 92</ref>  He was the youngest of the five children of [[Finwë]], the [[High King of the Noldor]].  Finarfin's mother was [[Indis]], Finwë's second wife.<ref>{{S|Princes}}</ref> Finarfin's full siblings were [[Findis]], [[Fingolfin]], and [[Írimë]] while his half-brother was the great [[Elves|Elf]] Lord [[Fëanor]].  Fëanor disapproved of his father's second marriage and had small love for Indis and her children although Finarfin remained far from those disputes.<ref>{{S|Feanor}}</ref>
  
Centuries later, [[Morgoth|Melkor]] destroyed the [[Two Trees]], slaughtered Finarfin's father Finwë, and stole the [[Silmarils]] of Fëanor. Enraged, Fëanor came to the city of [[Tirion|Tirion upon Túna]] and convinced many of his kinsmen to leave Valinor for [[Middle-earth]], to recover the Silmarils and defeat Morgoth. Fëanor was a charismatic speaker, but Fingolfin and Finarfin were unmoved. However they too followed their half-brother, more for their children who eagerly accepted his cause.
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In {{YT|1280}} Finarfin married [[Eärwen]], daughter of [[Olwë]], King of the [[Teleri]] in [[Valinor]].<ref>{{MR|P2j}}, p. 92</ref> They had four children: [[Finrod]], [[Angrod]], [[Aegnor]] and [[Galadriel]].<ref group="note">[[Orodreth]] appears as one of Finarfin's sons in ''[[The Silmarillion]]''. In [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien's]] writings, however, he was clearly marked as [[Angrod]]'s son. [[Christopher Tolkien]], the editor of ''The Silmarillion'', later admitted the mistake.</ref><ref>{{PM|Gil-galad}},pp. 349-351</ref> Finarfin's mother was of the [[Vanyar]], and he inherited her fair hair, which he passed on to his children.<ref>{{PM|Case}},p. 336</ref> The Elves of the '''[[House of Finarfin]]''' were unique among their kin who had dark hair.
  
The [[Noldor]] followed Fëanor in groups, and Fingolfin and Finarfin led the last host. As such they did not participate in the [[First Kinslaying]] or know its true cause at the time. While they were travelling up the coast of [[Araman]], the [[Valar|Vala]] [[Mandos]] appeared and pronounced the [[Doom of Mandos|Doom of the Noldor]]. Finarfin, dismayed by the prophecy and already contemplating return because of the tragedy of the Kinslaying of his wife's people at Alqualonde, returned to Valinor with a small group of his people. He presumably still rules the few remaining Noldor in Valinor from Tirion upon Túna.
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In {{YT|1495}}.<ref>{{MR|P2j}}, p. 100</ref> [[Morgoth|Melkor]] destroyed the [[Two Trees]],<ref>{{S|Darkening}}</ref> slaughtered Finarfin's father Finwë, and stole the [[Silmarils]] of Fëanor.  Enraged, Fëanor came to the city of [[Tirion|Tirion upon Túna]] and convinced many of his kinsmen to leave Valinor for [[Middle-earth]], to recover the Silmarils and defeat Morgoth.  Fëanor was a charismatic speaker, but Fingolfin and Finarfin were unmoved. However they too followed their half-brother, more for their children who eagerly accepted his cause.
 +
 
 +
The [[Noldor]] followed Fëanor in groups, and Fingolfin and Finarfin led the last host. As such they did not participate in the [[First Kinslaying]] or know its true cause at the time. While they were travelling up the coast of [[Araman]], the [[Valar|Vala]] [[Mandos]] appeared and pronounced the [[Doom of Mandos|Doom of the Noldor]]. Finarfin, dismayed by the prophecy and already contemplating return because of the tragedy of the Kinslaying of his wife's people at [[Alqualondë]], returned to Valinor with a small group of his people; his sons, though, would not forsake the sons of Fingolfin and went on.<ref>{{S|Flight}}</ref>
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[[File:Maureval - The War of Wrath.jpg|thumb|left|Maureval - ''The War of Wrath'']]
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Eventually Finarfin came to [[Middle-earth]], leading the Valinorean Noldor in the [[War of Wrath]], near the end of the [[First Age]].<ref>{{S|Earendil}}</ref> The fairest and wisest of the sons of Finwe, he presumably still rules the few remaining Noldor in Valinor from Tirion upon [[Túna]].
  
 
== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
Finarfin's [[father-name]] was '''Arafinwë''' ([[Quenya|Q]]: "Noble [son of] Finwë", pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[ˌaraˈfinwe]}}, [[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[ˌaraˈɸinwe]}}). His [[Amilessë|mother-name]] was '''Ingoldo''', changed from the earlier Ingalaurë ("[[Vanyar|Inga]]-gold", pron. {{IPA|[ˌiŋɡaˈla͡ʊre]}}).  
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{{Pronounce|Finarfin.mp3|Ardamir}}
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Finarfin's [[father-name]] was '''Arafinwë''' ([[Quenya|Q]]:"Noble [son of] Finwë", pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[ˌaraˈfinwe]}},[[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[ˌaraˈɸinwe]}}).<ref>{{PM|Finwe}}, p.344</ref> His [[Amilessë|mother-name]] was '''Ingoldo''', changed from the earlier Ingalaurë ("[[Vanyar|Inga]]-gold", pron.{{IPA|[ˌiŋɡaˈla͡ʊre]}}).<ref>{{PM|Finwe}}, note 30, p. 360</ref>
  
 
The name ''Finarfin'' is the [[Sindarin]] version of his father-name.
 
The name ''Finarfin'' is the [[Sindarin]] version of his father-name.
  
Finarfin is rare among the [[High Elves]] of the [[Undying Lands]] who did not leave and fall under the [[Doom of Mandos]], in that he is known primarily by his name in Sindarin, a language indigenous to [[Middle-earth]] and not though to have been known or studied in Aman until after the Exiles were allowed to return at the end of the [[First Age]], save the possibility that Sindarin was learned from the Elves of [[Beleriand]] who died and went to sojourn in the [[Halls of Mandos]].  Other such Amanya High Elves who stayed behind are primarily known by their [[Quenya]] or [[Telerin]] names.  But both of Finarfin's brothers went into Exile, with the result that both were largely remembered by Sindarin names, and also Finarfin's name is structured very similarly to that of his brother [[Fingolfin]].  It is probably unlikely that [[Fëanor]] and [[Amras]] had the time to learn Sindarin before they died so soon after reaching Beleriand, but they fell under the Doom of Mandos nevertheless, making Finarfin the only known Amanya never under the Doom whose name is primarily known in its Sindarin form.
+
Finarfin is rare among the [[High Elves]] of the [[Undying Lands]] who did not leave and fall under the [[Doom of Mandos]], in that he is known primarily by his name in Sindarin, a language indigenous to [[Middle-earth]] and not thought to have been known or studied in Aman until after the Exiles were allowed to return at the end of the [[First Age]], save the possibility that Sindarin was learned from the Elves of [[Beleriand]] who died and went to sojourn in the [[Halls of Mandos]].  Other such Amanya High Elves who stayed behind are primarily known by their [[Quenya]] or [[Telerin]] names.  But both of Finarfin's brothers went into Exile, with the result that both were largely remembered by Sindarin names, and also Finarfin's name is structured very similarly to that of his brother [[Fingolfin]].  It is probably unlikely that [[Fëanor]] and [[Amras]] had the time to learn Sindarin before they died so soon after reaching Beleriand, but they fell under the Doom of Mandos nevertheless, making Finarfin the only known [[Amanyar|Amanya]] never under the Doom whose name is primarily known in its Sindarin form.
  
 
== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
<br>
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Names in ''italics'' are females.
 
{{familytree/start}}
 
{{familytree/start}}
{{familytree| | MIR |~|y|~| FIN |~|y|~| IND | | |FIN=[[Finwë]]|IND=[[Indis]]|MIR=[[Míriel]]}}
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{{familytree| MIR |y| FIN |y| IND | | | | | | | | | | | | | ||MIR=''[[Míriel]]''|FIN=[[Finwë]]|IND=''[[Indis]]''}}
{{familytree| | | | | |!| | | | | |!| | | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree| | | |!| | | |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | | | |}}
{{familytree| | | | | FEA | | | | |)| FDS | | | FDS=[[Findis]]|FEA=[[Fëanor]]}}
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{{familytree| | | FEA | | FDS | | FNG | | IRM | | FRF |y| EAW|FEA=[[Fëanor]]|FDS=''[[Findis]]''|FNG=[[Fingolfin]]|IRM=''[[Írimë]]''|FRF='''FINARFIN'''|EAW=''[[Eärwen]]''}}
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | ||,|-|-|-|v|-|^|-|v|-|-|-|.| |}}
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | |)| FNG | | | |FNG=[[Fingolfin]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | FRD | | ANG | | AEG | |GAL |FRD=[[Finrod]]|ANG=[[Angrod]]|AEG=[[Aegnor]]|GAL=''[[Galadriel]]''}}
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | |)| IRM | |IRM=[[Írimë]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | |`| FRF |~|y|~| EAW | |FRF='''FINARFIN'''|EAW=[[Eärwen]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | |,|-|-|-|v|-|^|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | | | |}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | FRD | | ANG | | AEG | | GAL | | |FRD=[[Finrod]]|ANG=[[Angrod]]|AEG=[[Aegnor]]|GAL=[[Galadriel]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 
 
== Other Versions of the Legendarium ==
 
== Other Versions of the Legendarium ==
 +
 
Finarfin was called [[Finrod]] in earlier versions of the [[legendarium]], and his son was named '''[[Inglor Felagund]]'''. As such he appears in the 1st edition of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' as Finrod. This was changed in later editions, but not all references to '''Inglor''' were removed, since in the later version, it is probably the Sindarin version of '''Ingalaurë'''. (see [[Gildor|Gildor Inglorion]]).
 
Finarfin was called [[Finrod]] in earlier versions of the [[legendarium]], and his son was named '''[[Inglor Felagund]]'''. As such he appears in the 1st edition of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' as Finrod. This was changed in later editions, but not all references to '''Inglor''' were removed, since in the later version, it is probably the Sindarin version of '''Ingalaurë'''. (see [[Gildor|Gildor Inglorion]]).
  
 +
In some early works, his name is spelled "Finarphin".<ref>{{MR|P4}}</ref> An early version of [[Appendix F]], mentions the "royal house of Finarphir" which was corrected in later editions.<ref>The form "Finarphir" has an entry in {{HM|Guide}}</ref>
 
{{sequence
 
{{sequence
 
  |prev=[[Finwë]]
 
  |prev=[[Finwë]]
 
  |next=none; presumably living
 
  |next=none; presumably living
  |list=1st [[High King of the Noldor]]<br>(in Valinor)<br>c. YT 1495 - onwards
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  |list=2nd King of the Noldor<br>(in Valinor)<br>c. YT 1495 - onwards
 
}}
 
}}
{{references}}
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{{references|note}}
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:House of Finwë]]
 
[[Category:House of Finwë]]

Latest revision as of 21:21, 12 November 2014

Līga Kļaviņa - Royal Couple.jpg
Finarfin
Noldo
Biographical Information
Other namesArafinwë (Q,fn),
Ingoldo (Q, mn)
TitlesHigh King of the Noldor
LocationTirion
LanguageQuenya
BirthY.T. 1230
Tirion
RuleY.T. 1495
Family
HouseHouse of Finwë
ParentageFinwë and Indis
SiblingsFëanor, Findis, Fingolfin and Írimë
SpouseEärwen
ChildrenFinrod, Angrod, Aegnor and Galadriel
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorGolden

Finarfin (S, pron. [fiˈnarfin]) was the youngest child and son of Finwë and Indis. After the Flight of the Noldor he remained in Tirion and ruled the Noldor who remained in Aman.[1]

Contents

[edit] History

Finarfin was born in Valinor in Y.T. 1230.[2] He was the youngest of the five children of Finwë, the High King of the Noldor. Finarfin's mother was Indis, Finwë's second wife.[3] Finarfin's full siblings were Findis, Fingolfin, and Írimë while his half-brother was the great Elf Lord Fëanor. Fëanor disapproved of his father's second marriage and had small love for Indis and her children although Finarfin remained far from those disputes.[4]

In Y.T. 1280 Finarfin married Eärwen, daughter of Olwë, King of the Teleri in Valinor.[5] They had four children: Finrod, Angrod, Aegnor and Galadriel.[note 1][6] Finarfin's mother was of the Vanyar, and he inherited her fair hair, which he passed on to his children.[7] The Elves of the House of Finarfin were unique among their kin who had dark hair.

In Y.T. 1495.[8] Melkor destroyed the Two Trees,[9] slaughtered Finarfin's father Finwë, and stole the Silmarils of Fëanor. Enraged, Fëanor came to the city of Tirion upon Túna and convinced many of his kinsmen to leave Valinor for Middle-earth, to recover the Silmarils and defeat Morgoth. Fëanor was a charismatic speaker, but Fingolfin and Finarfin were unmoved. However they too followed their half-brother, more for their children who eagerly accepted his cause.

The Noldor followed Fëanor in groups, and Fingolfin and Finarfin led the last host. As such they did not participate in the First Kinslaying or know its true cause at the time. While they were travelling up the coast of Araman, the Vala Mandos appeared and pronounced the Doom of the Noldor. Finarfin, dismayed by the prophecy and already contemplating return because of the tragedy of the Kinslaying of his wife's people at Alqualondë, returned to Valinor with a small group of his people; his sons, though, would not forsake the sons of Fingolfin and went on.[10]

Maureval - The War of Wrath

Eventually Finarfin came to Middle-earth, leading the Valinorean Noldor in the War of Wrath, near the end of the First Age.[11] The fairest and wisest of the sons of Finwe, he presumably still rules the few remaining Noldor in Valinor from Tirion upon Túna.

[edit] Etymology

Finarfin's father-name was Arafinwë (Q:"Noble [son of] Finwë", pron. N [ˌaraˈfinwe],V [ˌaraˈɸinwe]).[12] His mother-name was Ingoldo, changed from the earlier Ingalaurë ("Inga-gold", pron.[ˌiŋɡaˈla͡ʊre]).[13]

The name Finarfin is the Sindarin version of his father-name.

Finarfin is rare among the High Elves of the Undying Lands who did not leave and fall under the Doom of Mandos, in that he is known primarily by his name in Sindarin, a language indigenous to Middle-earth and not thought to have been known or studied in Aman until after the Exiles were allowed to return at the end of the First Age, save the possibility that Sindarin was learned from the Elves of Beleriand who died and went to sojourn in the Halls of Mandos. Other such Amanya High Elves who stayed behind are primarily known by their Quenya or Telerin names. But both of Finarfin's brothers went into Exile, with the result that both were largely remembered by Sindarin names, and also Finarfin's name is structured very similarly to that of his brother Fingolfin. It is probably unlikely that Fëanor and Amras had the time to learn Sindarin before they died so soon after reaching Beleriand, but they fell under the Doom of Mandos nevertheless, making Finarfin the only known Amanya never under the Doom whose name is primarily known in its Sindarin form.

[edit] Genealogy

Names in italics are females.

Míriel
 
Finwë
 
Indis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fëanor
 
Findis
 
Fingolfin
 
Írimë
 
FINARFIN
 
Eärwen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Finrod
 
Angrod
 
Aegnor
 
Galadriel

[edit] Other Versions of the Legendarium

Finarfin was called Finrod in earlier versions of the legendarium, and his son was named Inglor Felagund. As such he appears in the 1st edition of The Lord of the Rings as Finrod. This was changed in later editions, but not all references to Inglor were removed, since in the later version, it is probably the Sindarin version of Ingalaurë. (see Gildor Inglorion).

In some early works, his name is spelled "Finarphin".[14] An early version of Appendix F, mentions the "royal house of Finarphir" which was corrected in later editions.[15]

Preceded by:
Finwë
2nd King of the Noldor
(in Valinor)
c. YT 1495 - onwards
Followed by:
none; presumably living

Notes

  1. Orodreth appears as one of Finarfin's sons in The Silmarillion. In Tolkien's writings, however, he was clearly marked as Angrod's son. Christopher Tolkien, the editor of The Silmarillion, later admitted the mistake.

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names", Finarfin
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman: Fourth section of the Annals of Aman",p. 92
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman: Fourth section of the Annals of Aman", p. 92
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The parentage of Gil-galad",pp. 349-351
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The case of the Quenya change of Þ to s",p. 336
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman: Fourth section of the Annals of Aman", p. 100
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Darkening of Valinor"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants", p.344
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants", note 30, p. 360
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Four. Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth"
  15. The form "Finarphir" has an entry in Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth