|Other names||Arafinwë (Q, fn),|
Ingalaurë (Q, mn)
|Titles||High King of the Noldor|
|Birth||Y.T. 1230 |
|Rule||From Y.T. 1495|
|House||House of Finwë|
|Parentage||Finwë & Indis|
|Siblings||Fëanor, Findis, Fingolfin and Irimë|
|Children||Finrod, Angrod, Aegnor and Galadriel|
Finarfin (S, pron. [fiˈnarfin]; born in Valinor during the Years of the Trees 1230) was the youngest of the five children of Finwë, High King of the Noldor. Finarfin's mother was Indis, Finwë's second wife. The great Elf Lord Fëanor was his half-brother. His full siblings were Findis, Fingolfin, and Irimë.
Two thousand years before the first rising of the Sun, Finarfin married Eärwen, daughter of Olwë, King of the Teleri in Valinor. They had four children: Finrod, Angrod, Aegnor and Galadriel. Finarfin's mother was of the Vanyar, and he inherited her fair hair, which he passed on to his children. All other Noldor had dark hair. Thus the Elves of the House of Finarfin were unique among their kin.
Centuries later, Melkor destroyed the Two Trees, slaughtered Finarfin's father Finwë, and stole the Silmarils of Fëanor. Enraged, Fëanor came to the city of Tirion upon Túna and convinced many of his kinsmen to leave Valinor for Middle-earth, to recover the Silmarils and defeat Morgoth. Fëanor was a charismatic speaker, but Fingolfin and Finarfin were unmoved. However they too followed their half-brother, more for their children who eagerly accepted his cause.
The Noldor followed Fëanor in groups, and Fingolfin and Finarfin led the last host. As such they did not participate in the First Kinslaying or know its true cause at the time. While they were travelling up the coast of Araman, the Vala Mandos appeared and pronounced the Doom of the Noldor. Finarfin, dismayed by the prophecy and already contemplating return because of the tragedy of the Kinslaying of his wife's people at Alqualonde, returned to Valinor with a small group of his people. He presumably still rules the few remaining Noldor in Valinor from Tirion upon Túna.
The name Finarfin is the Sindarin version of his father-name. It should be mentioned alto that Inglor, an old name used in the early editions of Tolkien's mythology, could be interpreted perhaps as the Sindarin form of Ingalaurë.
Finarfin is rare among the High Elves of the Undying Lands who did not leave and fall under the Doom of Mandos, in that he is known primarily by his name in Sindarin, a language indigenous to Middle-earth and not though to have been known or studied in Aman until after the Exiles were allowed to return at the end of the First Age, save the possibility that Sindarin was learned from the Elves of Beleriand who died and went to sojourn in the Halls of Mandos. Other such Amanya High Elves who stayed behind are primarily known by their Quenya or Telerin names. But both of Finarfin's brothers went into Exile, with the result that both were largely remembered by Sindarin names, and also Finarfin's name is structured very similarly to that of his brother Fingolfin. It is probably unlikely that Fëanor and Amras had the time to learn Sindarin before they died so soon after reaching Beleriand, but they fell under the Doom of Mandos nevertheless, making Finarfin the only known Amanya never under the Doom whose name is primarily known in its Sindarin form.
Other Versions of the Legendarium
Finarfin was called Finrod in earlier versions of the legendarium, and his son was named Inglor Felagund. As such he appears in the 1st edition of The Lord of the Rings as Finrod. This was changed in later editions, but not all references to Inglor were removed, since in the later version, it is probably the Sindarin version of Ingalaurë. (see Gildor Inglorion).
|1st High King of the Noldor
c. YT 1495 - onwards
none; presumably living