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==Timeless Halls==
The '''Firmament''' encompasses the highest spaces of the infinite [[Timeless Halls|abode]] of [[Ilúvatar]] and the [[Ainur]].<ref>{{S|Ainu}}</ref>
The '''Firmament''', in regard to the [[Timeless Halls]], encompasses the highest regions of the infinite [[Timeless Halls|abode]] of [[Ilúvatar]] and the [[Ainur]]<sup>(1)</sup>.
"In the midst of this strife, whereat the [[Timeless Halls|halls]] of [[Ilúvatar]] shook and a tremor ran out into the silences yet unmoved, [[Ilúvatar]] arose a third time, and his face was terrible to behold. Then he raised up both his hands, and in one chord, deeper than the [[Abyss]], higher than the '''Firmament''', piercing as the light of the eye of [[Ilúvatar]], the [[Music of the Ainur|Music]] ceased."
- [[The Silmarillion]], "[[Ainulindalë]]"
The '''Firmament''', in regard to [[Arda]], encompasses all of the regions beyond [[Arda]].  It includes all of the celestial objects but does not include the atmosphere around [[Arda]]<sup>(2)</sup>.
In [[Elvish]] (both [[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]]), the word for the Firmament in regard to Arda is [[Menel|Menel]]<sup>(3)</sup>.
1. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien, J.R.R.]] "[[Ainulindalë]]." [[The Silmarillion]]. Ed. [[Christopher Tolkien]]. 1st ed. Boston: [[Houghton Mifflin]], 1977. 3-6. Print.
2. "The Firmament." The Encyclopedia of [[Arda]]. The Encyclopedia of [[Arda]], 17 July 2013. Web. 26 Oct. 2013.
3. "[[Menel]]." [[Elvish]] Dictionary. [[Elvish]] Dictionary, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2013.

Revision as of 16:54, 27 October 2013

The Firmament encompasses the highest spaces of the infinite abode of Ilúvatar and the Ainur.[1]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Ainulindalë: The Music of the Ainur"
Middle-earth Cosmology
 Constellations  Anarríma · Durin's Crown · Menelmacar · Remmirath · Soronúmë · Telumendil · Valacirca · Wilwarin
Stars  Alcarinquë · Borgil · Carnil · Elemmírë · Helluin · Luinil · Lumbar · Morwinyon · Nénar · Star of Eärendil · Til 
The Airs  Aiwenórë · Fanyamar · Ilmen · Menel · Vaiya · Veil of Arda · Vista
Narsilion  Arien · Moon (Isil, Ithil, Rána) · Sun (Anar, Anor, Vása) · Tilion
See Also  Abyss · Arda · Circles of the World · · Timeless Halls · Two Lamps · Two Trees · Void