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==Timeless Halls==
The '''Firmament''' encompasses the highest spaces of the infinite [[Timeless Halls|abode]] of [[Ilúvatar]] and the [[Ainur]].<ref>{{S|Ainu}}</ref>
== Etymology ==
In both [[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]], the firmament is translated as ''[[Menel]]'', though it has other senses too.<ref>{{PE|17}}, p 24.</ref>
The '''Firmament''', in regard to the [[Timeless Halls]], encompasses the highest regions of the infinite [[Timeless Halls|abode]] of [[Ilúvatar]] and the [[Ainur]]<sup>(1)</sup>.
"In the midst of this strife, whereat the [[Timeless Halls|halls]] of [[Ilúvatar]] shook and a tremor ran out into the silences yet unmoved, [[Ilúvatar]] arose a third time, and his face was terrible to behold. Then he raised up both his hands, and in one chord, deeper than the [[Abyss]], higher than the '''Firmament''', piercing as the light of the eye of [[Ilúvatar]], the [[Music of the Ainur|Music]] ceased."
- [[The Silmarillion]], "[[Ainulindalë]]"
The '''Firmament''', in regard to [[Arda]], encompasses all of the regions beyond [[Arda]].  It includes all of the celestial objects but does not include the atmosphere around [[Arda]]<sup>(2)</sup>.
In [[Elvish]] (both [[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]]), the word for the Firmament in regard to Arda is [[Menel|Menel]]<sup>(2)</sup>.
1. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien, J.R.R.]] "[[Ainulindalë]]." [[The Silmarillion]]. Ed. [[Christopher Tolkien]]. 1st ed. Boston: [[Houghton Mifflin]], 1977. 3-6. Print.
2. Tolkien, J.R.R. "M." Ed. Christopher Tolkien. Parma Eldalamberon - Sindarin Corpus 17 (2007): 24. Print.

Revision as of 18:28, 27 October 2013

The Firmament encompasses the highest spaces of the infinite abode of Ilúvatar and the Ainur.[1]


In both Quenya and Sindarin, the firmament is translated as Menel, though it has other senses too.[2]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Ainulindalë: The Music of the Ainur"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p 24.
Middle-earth Cosmology
 Constellations  Anarríma · Durin's Crown · Menelmacar · Remmirath · Soronúmë · Telumendil · Valacirca · Wilwarin
Stars  Alcarinquë · Borgil · Carnil · Elemmírë · Helluin · Luinil · Lumbar · Morwinyon · Nénar · Star of Eärendil · Til 
The Airs  Aiwenórë · Fanyamar · Ilmen · Menel · Vaiya · Veil of Arda · Vista
Narsilion  Arien · Moon (Isil, Ithil, Rána) · Sun (Anar, Anor, Vása) · Tilion
See Also  Abyss · Arda · Circles of the World · · Timeless Halls · Two Lamps · Two Trees · Void