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Formen

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'''''formen''''' is a noun meaning "north" in [[Quenya]]. Compare with ''[[forod]]'' in [[Sindarin]].
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'''''formen''''' is a noun meaning "north" in [[Quenya]].<ref name="Names">{{App|Letters}}, Note, ''The names of the letters''</ref>
  
[[Image:Formen.gif]]''Formen'' is also the name of the tenth letter of the [[Tengwar]] alphabet.
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[[Image:Formen.gif|left]]''Formen'' is also the name in Quenya of the tenth letter of the [[Tengwar]] alphabet.<ref name="Names"/>  It is the second letter of the third grade or [[Tyellë]], which contains "voiceless spirants" and it is the third letter in the labial or ''p''-series of consonants, the ''[[Parmatéma]]''.  In all modes ''Formen'' represents '''F'''.<ref>{{App|Letters}}</ref>  It was one of the most widely known and used of all the Tengwar since it indicated "north" even in languages that used a very different term.<ref name="Names"/>  The Westron name for this letter is '''''Fí'''''.<ref>See [[Westron Tengwar]]</ref>
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==Etymology==
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In the West-lands of [[Middle-earth]] the four cardinal directions were ''[[Númen]], [[Hyarmen]], [[Rómen]],'' and ''Formen'', and they were named in this order, beginning with (and facing) west.  ''Hyarmen'' meant a left-hand region and ''Formen'' meant a right-hand region.<ref name="Names"/>  Thus the word for "north" derives from the [[Primitive Quendian]] [[Sundocarme|root]] [[PHOR]], meaning "right hand", plus [[MEN]] indicating direction.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, PHOR-</ref>
  
 
==Examples==
 
==Examples==
 
 
* [[Formenos]] = "Northern Fortress"
 
* [[Formenos]] = "Northern Fortress"
  
==See also==
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==See Also ==
 
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* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
*Quenya ''[[hyarmen]]'' ("south")
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{{references}}
 
{{references}}
* ''[[The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth]]'' by [[Ruth S. Noel]]
 
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
 
 
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Quenya adjectives]]
 
[[Category:Quenya adjectives]]

Revision as of 23:11, 27 July 2012

formen is a noun meaning "north" in Quenya.[1]

Formen.gif
Formen is also the name in Quenya of the tenth letter of the Tengwar alphabet.[1] It is the second letter of the third grade or Tyellë, which contains "voiceless spirants" and it is the third letter in the labial or p-series of consonants, the Parmatéma. In all modes Formen represents F.[2] It was one of the most widely known and used of all the Tengwar since it indicated "north" even in languages that used a very different term.[1] The Westron name for this letter is .[3]

Etymology

In the West-lands of Middle-earth the four cardinal directions were Númen, Hyarmen, Rómen, and Formen, and they were named in this order, beginning with (and facing) west. Hyarmen meant a left-hand region and Formen meant a right-hand region.[1] Thus the word for "north" derives from the Primitive Quendian root PHOR, meaning "right hand", plus MEN indicating direction.[4]

Examples

See Also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters", Note, The names of the letters
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters"
  3. See Westron Tengwar
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", PHOR-