Tolkien Gateway

Fornost Erain

(Difference between revisions)
(Portrayal in Adaptations)
(7 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
| image=[[Image:Fornost rotwk.JPG|250px]]
 
| image=[[Image:Fornost rotwk.JPG|250px]]
 
| name=Fornost Erain
 
| name=Fornost Erain
| othernames=Deadman's Dike, Norbury of the Kings
+
| othernames=Deadmen's Dike, Norbury of the Kings
 
| etymology="Northern Fortress (of the) Kings"
 
| etymology="Northern Fortress (of the) Kings"
 
| type=City/Fortress
 
| type=City/Fortress
Line 11: Line 11:
 
| events=[[Fall of Fornost]]
 
| events=[[Fall of Fornost]]
 
| references=
 
| references=
|}}{{Pronounce|Fornost.mp3|Ardamir}}
+
}}{{Pronounce|Fornost.mp3|Ardamir}}
  
{{quote|Deadman's Dike, you say. So it has been called for long years; but its right name, [[Barliman Butterbur|Barliman]], is '''Fornost Erain''', Norbury of the Kings.|[[Gandalf]]<ref name="Bound">{{HM|RK}}, "[[Homeward Bound]]"</ref>}}
+
{{quote|Deadmen's Dike, you say. So it has been called for long years; but its right name, [[Barliman Butterbur|Barliman]], is '''Fornost Erain''', Norbury of the Kings.|[[Gandalf]]<ref name="Bound">{{RK|VI7}}</ref>}}
'''Fornost Erain''' was the capital of [[Arthedain]]. It was located at the south end of the North Downs, about 100 [[Númenóreans|Númenórean]] miles north of [[Bree]].  
+
 
 +
'''Fornost Erain''' was the capital of [[Arthedain]]. It was located at the south end of the North Downs, about 100 [[Númenóreans|Númenórean]] miles north of [[Bree]], at the northern terminus of the [[North-South Road]].<ref>{{FR|Map}}</ref>
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Early history===
 
===Early history===
It is not known when Fornost was founded or when the kings of [[Arnor]] moved there from [[Annúminas]], but it is known that the kings moved to Fornost some time before [[Third Age 861|T.A. 861]], when King [[Eärendur (King of Arnor)|Eärendur]] died, and Arnor was divided into three kingdoms with Fornost the capital of the greatest kingdom, Arthedain.<ref name="AA"/>
+
It is not known when Fornost was founded, although this most probably occurred after the establishment of the realm of [[Arnor]] in {{SA|3320}}<ref>{{App|SA}}</ref> since there is no record of the Númenóreans penetrating so far north before the Downfall of Númenor.  The city did exist at the beginning of the [[Third Age]] for after the fall of [[Sauron]] the Army of Arnor marched west through the [[Fords of Isen]] and continued north to Fornost.<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
It is also unknown exactly when the kings of [[Arnor]] moved there from [[Annúminas]].  In {{TA|861}}, when King [[Eärendur (King of Arnor)|Eärendur]] died, Arnor was divided into three kingdoms.<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>  The capital of the new realm of [[Arthedain]] may have been moved immediately to Fornost, but may have lingered for some time in [[Annuminas]].  In {{TA|1409|n}}, when the [[Witch-king]] of [[Angmar]] took the [[Tower of Amon Sûl]], the ''[[Amon Sûl-stone|palantír]]'' was saved and carried back to Fornost.<ref name="Eriador">{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
  
 
===Fall===
 
===Fall===
 
:''Main article: [[Fall of Fornost]]
 
:''Main article: [[Fall of Fornost]]
In [[Third Age 1974|T.A. 1974]], Arthedain was overrun by the forces of [[Angmar]]. Fornost was captured, and King [[Arvedui]] fled into the northern wastes and was lost in the [[Icebay of Forochel]] with the two palantirs he had saved from the forces of [[Angmar]]. In the following year, a fleet of ships from [[Gondor]], led by [[Eärnur]], landed at [[Mithlond]]. The Elves of [[Lindon]], led by [[Círdan]], joined the forces of [[Gondor]], the remaining [[Dúnedain of the North]] came, and so did a few archers from the Shire. Eärnur fought the [[Witch-king]] of [[Angmar]] in the plains west of Fornost and defeated the armies of Angmar, but the Witch-king himself escaped.<ref name="AA">{{HM|AA}}</ref>
+
In {{TA|1974}}, Arthedain was overrun by the forces of [[Angmar]]. Fornost was captured, and King [[Arvedui]] fled into the northern wastes and was lost in the [[Icebay of Forochel]] with the two palantirs he had saved from the forces of [[Angmar]]. In the following year, a fleet of ships from [[Gondor]], led by [[Eärnur]], landed at [[Mithlond]]. The Elves of [[Lindon]], led by [[Círdan]], joined the forces of [[Gondor]], the remaining [[Dúnedain of the North]] came, and so did a few archers from the Shire. Eärnur fought the [[Witch-king]] of [[Angmar]] in the plains west of Fornost and defeated the armies of Angmar, but the Witch-king himself escaped.<ref name="Eriador"/>
  
===Deadman's Dike===
+
===Deadmen's Dike===
After Fornost Erain was abandoned, the inhabitants of the nearest settlement, [[Bree]], referred to it as '''Deadman's Dike''', and did not come there. Only [[Dúnedain of the North|Rangers]] came there from time to time, but no-one knew what they did there.<ref>{{HM|FR}}, "[[Strider (chapter)|Strider]]"</ref>  
+
After Fornost Erain was abandoned, the inhabitants of the nearest settlement, [[Bree]], referred to it as '''Deadmen's Dike''', and did not come there. Only [[Dúnedain of the North|Rangers]] came there from time to time, but no-one knew what they did there.<ref>{{FR|I10}}</ref>  
  
 
After [[Aragorn|King Elessar]] reunited [[Reunited Kingdom|the kingdoms of Gondor and Arnor]], he had the city rebuilt and made a great city where Men dwelt once again.<ref name="Bound"/>
 
After [[Aragorn|King Elessar]] reunited [[Reunited Kingdom|the kingdoms of Gondor and Arnor]], he had the city rebuilt and made a great city where Men dwelt once again.<ref name="Bound"/>
Line 32: Line 35:
 
Fornost Erain is [[Sindarin]]. It means "Northern Fortress (of the) Kings";  from ''forn'' "north"  and ''[[ost]]'' "fortress", and ''erain'' is the plural of ''[[aran]]''. The ''Fornost'' component is a direct cognate to [[Quenya]] ''[[Formenos]]''.
 
Fornost Erain is [[Sindarin]]. It means "Northern Fortress (of the) Kings";  from ''forn'' "north"  and ''[[ost]]'' "fortress", and ''erain'' is the plural of ''[[aran]]''. The ''Fornost'' component is a direct cognate to [[Quenya]] ''[[Formenos]]''.
  
It was translated as "[[Norbury]] of the Kings" (from supposedly [[Old English]] ''norð-burg''<ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 774 (entry ''Norbury'')</ref>), which represents it's [[Westron]] name.
+
It was translated as "Norbury of the Kings" (from supposedly [[Old English]] ''norð-burg''<ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 774 (entry ''Norbury'')</ref>), which represents its [[Westron]] name.
  
 
== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
 
== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
Line 44: Line 47:
 
}}
 
}}
 
'''2006: ''[[The Battle for Middle-earth II: The Rise of the Witch-king]]'':'''
 
'''2006: ''[[The Battle for Middle-earth II: The Rise of the Witch-king]]'':'''
:In the expansion pack, ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II: The Rise of the Witch-king|The Rise of the Witch-king]]'', Fornost is besieged by the forces of the Witch-king. [[Arvedui]] survives the Fall, only to be destroyed later.
+
:In the expansion pack, ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II: The Rise of the Witch-king|The Rise of the Witch-king]]'', Fornost is besieged by the forces of the Witch-king.
 +
 
 
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
 
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
 
:Fornost Erain is simply called Fornost and is located in the northern end of the [[North Downs]]. It is populated with wights, orcs and wargs.
 
:Fornost Erain is simply called Fornost and is located in the northern end of the [[North Downs]]. It is populated with wights, orcs and wargs.
:Fornost is also a name for one of the two Russian servers, unlike [[Mirkwood#Portrayal in Adaptations|Mirkwood]] this server is focused on Role-Playing. Fornost is created and maintained by [[IT Territory]].<ref>{{webcite|author=William Dobson|articleurl=http://massively.joystiq.com/2009/04/23/lord-of-the-rings-online-launches-in-korea-and-russia/|articlename=Lord of the Rings Online launches in Korea and Russia|dated=23 April 2009|website=Massively|accessed=2 January 2012}}</ref>
+
 
 +
'''2011: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]]'':'''
 +
:The first chapter of the game is centered around Fornost. Agandaûr has assembled an army of [[Orcs of the Misty Mountains]] in Fornost, and prepared to attack the [[Free Peoples]].<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], ''Prologue''</ref> [[Eradan (video game character)|Eradan]], [[Andriel]] and [[Farin (video game character)|Farin]] infiltrate Fornost on [[Aragorn]]'s orders. They free the captured [[Eagles|Eagle]], [[Belarum]],<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], Chapter 1: Fornost, ''Main Gate''</ref> and work together with [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]] to stop Agandaûr.<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], Chapter 1: Fornost, ''Inner Wards''</ref> Agandaûr flees and [[Tharzog]] - leader of the [[Orcs]] - is killed. After which the Orcs remain leaderless and inter factional fighting starts, hereby preventing an attack.<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], Chapter 1: Fornost, ''Citadel Tower''</ref>
 +
:Visitable locations are the Main Gate, the Battlements, the Inner and Outer wards and the Citadel.<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], Chapter 1: Fornost</ref>
  
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
[[Category:Arnor]]
 
[[Category:Arnor]]
[[Category:Cities, Towns and Villages]]
 
 
[[Category:Fortresses]]
 
[[Category:Fortresses]]
[[Category:Sindarin Locations]]
+
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 +
[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]
 +
 
 
[[de:Fornost]]
 
[[de:Fornost]]
 
[[fi:Fornost Erain]]
 
[[fi:Fornost Erain]]

Revision as of 09:00, 14 November 2012

Fornost rotwk.JPG
Fornost Erain
Physical Description
TypeCity/Fortress
LocationNorth Downs
RealmsArnor
Arthedain
Reunited Kingdom
InhabitantsDúnedain
General Information
Other namesDeadmen's Dike, Norbury of the Kings
Etymology"Northern Fortress (of the) Kings"
EventsFall of Fornost
"Deadmen's Dike, you say. So it has been called for long years; but its right name, Barliman, is Fornost Erain, Norbury of the Kings."
Gandalf[1]

Fornost Erain was the capital of Arthedain. It was located at the south end of the North Downs, about 100 Númenórean miles north of Bree, at the northern terminus of the North-South Road.[2]

Contents

History

Early history

It is not known when Fornost was founded, although this most probably occurred after the establishment of the realm of Arnor in S.A. 3320[3] since there is no record of the Númenóreans penetrating so far north before the Downfall of Númenor. The city did exist at the beginning of the Third Age for after the fall of Sauron the Army of Arnor marched west through the Fords of Isen and continued north to Fornost.[4]

It is also unknown exactly when the kings of Arnor moved there from Annúminas. In T.A. 861, when King Eärendur died, Arnor was divided into three kingdoms.[5] The capital of the new realm of Arthedain may have been moved immediately to Fornost, but may have lingered for some time in Annuminas. In 1409, when the Witch-king of Angmar took the Tower of Amon Sûl, the palantír was saved and carried back to Fornost.[6]

Fall

Main article: Fall of Fornost

In T.A. 1974, Arthedain was overrun by the forces of Angmar. Fornost was captured, and King Arvedui fled into the northern wastes and was lost in the Icebay of Forochel with the two palantirs he had saved from the forces of Angmar. In the following year, a fleet of ships from Gondor, led by Eärnur, landed at Mithlond. The Elves of Lindon, led by Círdan, joined the forces of Gondor, the remaining Dúnedain of the North came, and so did a few archers from the Shire. Eärnur fought the Witch-king of Angmar in the plains west of Fornost and defeated the armies of Angmar, but the Witch-king himself escaped.[6]

Deadmen's Dike

After Fornost Erain was abandoned, the inhabitants of the nearest settlement, Bree, referred to it as Deadmen's Dike, and did not come there. Only Rangers came there from time to time, but no-one knew what they did there.[7]

After King Elessar reunited the kingdoms of Gondor and Arnor, he had the city rebuilt and made a great city where Men dwelt once again.[1]

Etymology

Fornost Erain is Sindarin. It means "Northern Fortress (of the) Kings"; from forn "north" and ost "fortress", and erain is the plural of aran. The Fornost component is a direct cognate to Quenya Formenos.

It was translated as "Norbury of the Kings" (from supposedly Old English norð-burg[8]), which represents its Westron name.

Portrayal in Adaptations

Pictures of adaptations of Fornost

2006: The Battle for Middle-earth II: The Rise of the Witch-king:

In the expansion pack, The Rise of the Witch-king, Fornost is besieged by the forces of the Witch-king.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Fornost Erain is simply called Fornost and is located in the northern end of the North Downs. It is populated with wights, orcs and wargs.

2011: The Lord of the Rings: War in the North:

The first chapter of the game is centered around Fornost. Agandaûr has assembled an army of Orcs of the Misty Mountains in Fornost, and prepared to attack the Free Peoples.[9] Eradan, Andriel and Farin infiltrate Fornost on Aragorn's orders. They free the captured Eagle, Belarum,[10] and work together with Elladan and Elrohir to stop Agandaûr.[11] Agandaûr flees and Tharzog - leader of the Orcs - is killed. After which the Orcs remain leaderless and inter factional fighting starts, hereby preventing an attack.[12]
Visitable locations are the Main Gate, the Battlements, the Inner and Outer wards and the Citadel.[13]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Homeward Bound"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Strider"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 774 (entry Norbury)
  9. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Prologue
  10. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Chapter 1: Fornost, Main Gate
  11. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Chapter 1: Fornost, Inner Wards
  12. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Chapter 1: Fornost, Citadel Tower
  13. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Chapter 1: Fornost