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Fornost Erain

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'''Fornost Erain''' ([[Sindarin]] 'Northern-fortress of the Kings' from ''for(n)'' (north) + ''ost'' (fortress); "Norbury of the Kings" in [[Westron]]) was a city of [[Eriador]] in the north of [[Middle-earth]].  It was located at the south end of the North Downs, about 100 [[Númenórean]] miles north of [[Bree]]; after Fornost Erain was abandoned, the site became known as '''Deadman's Dike''', visited only by Rangers. At the time when ''The Lord of The Rings'' is set, Fornost had been abandoned for "nearly a thousand years, and even the ruins of Kings' Norbury were covered with grass".
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{{location
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| image=[[Image:Fornost rotwk.JPG|250px]]
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| name=Fornost Erain
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| othernames=Deadmen's Dike, Norbury of the Kings
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| etymology="Northern Fortress (of the) Kings"
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| type=City/Fortress
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| location=[[North Downs]]
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| inhabitants=[[Dúnedain]]
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| realms=[[Arthedain]]
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| description=
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| events=[[Fall of Fornost]]
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| references=
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|}}
  
It is not known when Fornost was founded or when the kings of [[Arnor]] moved there from [[Annúminas]], but it is known that the kings moved to Fornost some time before [[Third Age|T.A.]] 861, when King [[Eärendur]] died, and Arnor was divided into three kingdoms with Fornost the capital of the greatest kingdom, [[Arthedain]].
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<center>{{quote|Deadman's Dike, you say. So it has been called for long years; but its right name, [[Barliman Butterbur|Barliman]], is '''Fornost Erain''', Norbury of the Kings.|[[Gandalf]], ''[[Homeward Bound]]''}}</center>
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'''Fornost Erain''' was the capital of [[Arthedain]]. It was located at the south end of the North Downs, about 100 [[Númenórean]] miles north of [[Bree]].  
  
In T.A. 1974, Arthedain was overrun by the forces of [[Angmar]], they captured Fornost, and King [[Arvedui]] fled into the northern wastes and was lost in the Ice Bay of [[Forochel]]. In the following year, a fleet from [[Gondor]] led by [[Eärnur]] landed at [[Mithlond]], fought the [[Witch-king of Angmar]] in the plains west of Fornost, and defeated him and his armies, although the Witch-king himself escaped.
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==Early history==
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It is not known when Fornost was founded or when the kings of [[Arnor]] moved there from [[Annúminas]], but it is known that the kings moved to Fornost some time before [[Third Age 861|T.A. 861]], when King [[Eärendur]] died, and Arnor was divided into three kingdoms with Fornost the capital of the greatest kingdom, Arthedain.
  
After King Elessar reunited the kingdoms of Gondor and Arnor, he had the city rebuilt and made a great city where Men dwelt once again.
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==Fall==
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:''Main article: [[Fall of Fornost]]
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In [[Third Age 1974|T.A. 1974]], Arthedain was overrun by the forces of [[Angmar]]. Fornost was captured, and King [[Arvedui]] fled into the northern wastes and was lost in the [[Icebay of Forochel]]. In the following year, a fleet of ships from [[Gondor]], led by [[Eärnur]], landed at [[Mithlond]]. Eärnur fought the [[Witch-king of Angmar]] in the plains west of Fornost and defeated the armies of Angmar, but the Witch-king himself escaped.
  
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==Deadman's Dike==
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After Fornost Erain was abandoned, the inhabitants of the nearest settlement, [[Bree]], referred to it as '''Deadman's Dike''', and did not come there. Only [[Dúnedain of the North|Rangers]] came there from time to time, but no-one knew what they did there.
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After [[Aragorn II|King Elessar]] reunited [[Reunited Kingdom|the kingdoms of Gondor and Arnor]], he had the city rebuilt and made a great city where Men dwelt once again.
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==Etymology==
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Fornost Erain is [[Sindarin]]. It means "Northern Fortress (of the) Kings";  from ''forn'' "north"  and ''[[ost]]'' "fortress", and ''erain'' is the plural of ''[[aran]]''. It was called "Norbury of the Kings" in [[Westron]], a fitting translation.
 
[[Category:Cities in Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Cities in Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Arnor]]
 
[[Category:Arnor]]

Revision as of 15:09, 11 July 2008

Fornost rotwk.JPG
Fornost Erain
Physical Description
TypeCity/Fortress
LocationNorth Downs
RealmsArthedain
InhabitantsDúnedain
General Information
Other namesDeadmen's Dike, Norbury of the Kings
Etymology"Northern Fortress (of the) Kings"
EventsFall of Fornost
"Deadman's Dike, you say. So it has been called for long years; but its right name, Barliman, is Fornost Erain, Norbury of the Kings."
Gandalf, Homeward Bound

Fornost Erain was the capital of Arthedain. It was located at the south end of the North Downs, about 100 Númenórean miles north of Bree.

Contents

Early history

It is not known when Fornost was founded or when the kings of Arnor moved there from Annúminas, but it is known that the kings moved to Fornost some time before T.A. 861, when King Eärendur died, and Arnor was divided into three kingdoms with Fornost the capital of the greatest kingdom, Arthedain.

Fall

Main article: Fall of Fornost

In T.A. 1974, Arthedain was overrun by the forces of Angmar. Fornost was captured, and King Arvedui fled into the northern wastes and was lost in the Icebay of Forochel. In the following year, a fleet of ships from Gondor, led by Eärnur, landed at Mithlond. Eärnur fought the Witch-king of Angmar in the plains west of Fornost and defeated the armies of Angmar, but the Witch-king himself escaped.

Deadman's Dike

After Fornost Erain was abandoned, the inhabitants of the nearest settlement, Bree, referred to it as Deadman's Dike, and did not come there. Only Rangers came there from time to time, but no-one knew what they did there.

After King Elessar reunited the kingdoms of Gondor and Arnor, he had the city rebuilt and made a great city where Men dwelt once again.

Etymology

Fornost Erain is Sindarin. It means "Northern Fortress (of the) Kings"; from forn "north" and ost "fortress", and erain is the plural of aran. It was called "Norbury of the Kings" in Westron, a fitting translation.