Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a 19th-century German philosopher and classical philologist. He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony and aphorism.
Although both J.R.R. Tolkien and Nietzsche were philologists, it is unknown if Tolkien ever read any work of Nietzsche, and few comparative studies have appeared. One study, however, is the article "Überhobbits: Tolkien, Nietzsche, and the Will to Power", written by Douglas K. Blount and published in The Lord of the Rings and Philosophy: One Book to Rule Them All. Yet another article (first presented as a paper at the Tolkien conference at Exeter College, Oxford, in August 2006), the more lenghty "Frodo or Zarathustra: Beyond Nihilism in Tolkien and Nietzsche" by Peter M. Candler, Jr., was published in Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings: Sources of Inspiration. The latter "explores the intricate relationships between philology, creativity, creation, myths, the return to the past and the recurrence of things as discussed by Nietzsche and Tolkien".
- Friedrich Nietzsche at Wikipedia
- “’’Über’’hobbits: Tolkien, Nietzsche, and the Will to Power” (online version at docstoc)
- "Tolkien or Nietzsche, Philology and Nihilism", a working paper by Peter M. Candler, Jr. (downloadable Word document at The Centre for Philosophy and Theology)
- Nietzsche and Tolkien: reviewing the Will to Power, part 1, continues as part 2, part 3, part 4, and part 5