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Gaffer Gamgee

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[[Image:Stephen Hickman - Gaffer Gamgee and the Black Rider.jpg|thumb|250px|''Gaffer Gamgee and the [[Black Riders|Black Rider]]'' by [[Stephen Hickman]].]]
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{{hobbit infobox
'''Gaffer Gamgee''' was a common nickname for the father of [[Samwise Gamgee]], who was more properly called '[[Hamfast Gamgee|Hamfast]]'. He presumably acquired the name '[[Gaffer]]' later in his life, because it implies a person of advanced years. This was certainly true of Hamfast, who was old enough to remember [[Bilbo]]'s return from [[Erebor]], and was no less than ninety-two years old when his son Sam left the [[Shire]] with [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]].
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| image=[[Image:Stephen Hickman - Gaffer Gamgee and the Black Rider.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Hamfast Gamgee
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| othernames=Gaffer, Old Gamgee, [[Ranugad]] [[Galbasi]]
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| titles=
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| position=Gardener
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| location=[[Hobbiton]]
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| affiliation=
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| language=
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| birth={{SR|1326}}
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| birthlocation=
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| rule=
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| death={{SR|1428}}<ref group=note>''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]'' gives {{FoA|8}}</ref>
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| deathlocation=
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| age=102
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| family=[[Gamgee Family|Gamgee]]
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| parentage=[[Hobson|Hobson Gamgee]]
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| siblings=[[Andwise Roper|Andy]], [[May (hobbit)|May]] and [[Halfred of Overhill|Halfred]]
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| spouse=
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| children=[[Hamson Gamgee|Hamson]], [[Halfred Gamgee|Halfred]], [[Daisy Gamgee|Daisy]], [[May Gamgee|May]], [[Samwise Gamgee|Samwise]] and [[Marigold Gamgee|Marigold]]
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| gender=Male
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| height=
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| hair=In later life, grey
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| eyes=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}
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<center>{{quote|You can say what you like, Gaffer, but Bag End's a queer place, and its folk are queerer.|[[Sandyman]]<ref name="Party">{{FR|Party}}</ref>|center}}</center> 
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'''Hamfast Gamgee''', better known as '''the Gaffer''', was a [[Hobbits|Hobbit]] of [[the Shire]], and the father of [[Samwise Gamgee]].
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==History==
  
'Gaffer' has another meaning, too, which is no doubt also relevant. In British slang, a 'gaffer' is a foreman, a person who supervises a job. At the time of [[Birthday Party|Bilbo's Birthday Party]], we're told that Hamfast, who was then seventy-five, oversaw the gardening at [[Bag End]], but was helped by his son Sam. In that sense, then, Gaffer Gamgee actually was a 'gaffer'.
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Hamfast was born in 2926, the third son of [[Hobson|Hobson Gamgee]], who was a roper by trade.<ref name="Gamgee">{{App|Gamgee}}</ref>
  
The name may have been inspired by Joseph Gamgee, the inventor of "Gamgee Tissue" (better known as cotton wool) who was known to have lived opposite [[Tolkien]] on Stirling Road, [[Birmingham]], England.
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He entered the service of his relative, [[Holman Greenhand]], and became a gardener. One of his first jobs was tending the garden of [[Bag End]]. On [[22 June]], {{TA|2942}}, he and Holman tried frantically to keep the garden in order during the auction of the presumed-dead [[Bilbo Baggins]].<ref name="Party"/> It is likely that at this time he already lived at Number 3, [[Bagshot Row]].
  
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Hamfast became a gardener in his own right in about {{TA|2960}}<ref>{{HM|Guide}}, p. 187</ref>, and a local expert on [[potatoes]].<ref name="Party"/> He married [[Bell Gamgee|Bell Goodchild]], and they had six children: [[Hamson Gamgee|Hamson]], [[Halfred Gamgee|Halfred]], [[Daisy Gamgee|Daisy]], [[May Gamgee|May]], Samwise and [[Marigold Gamgee|Marigold]].<ref name="Gamgee"/> Sam became Hamfast's apprentice.
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Sam took over most of his father's work, who had become too old for the laborous work. He became known as the "Gaffer", a name Sam uses more often than "Hamfast".
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In the wake of the [[Bilbo's Farewell Party|Farewell Party]], the Gaffer entertained a crowd at the [[Ivy Bush]]. Always a man of loquacity and knowledge, he argued with [[Sandyman]], [[Old Noakes]] and Ham's neighbor [[Daddy Twofoot]] about the [[Baggins Family|Bagginses]] and the [[Sackville-Baggins Family|Sackville-Bagginses]].<ref name="Party"/>
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On [[22 September]], {{TA|3018}}, the night of the departure of [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] and Sam from the Shire, [[Khamûl]], one of the [[Nazgûl]] rode up the lane, and asked the elderly hobbit about "[[Baggins Family|Baggins]]". A week later, he was visited by [[Gandalf]] who also informed about Frodo's whereabouts.<ref>{{FR|Meetings}}</ref>
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When [[Lotho Sackville-Baggins|Lotho]] and eventually [[Sharkey]] took over the Shire, the Gaffer was evicted from Bagshot Row.<ref>{{RK|Scouring}}</ref> After the [[Battle of Bywater]], in which he only had a marginal role, he moved back into the newly restored [[New Row]], while Sam moved into Bag End. He was looked after by the [[Widow Rumble]], and died in [[Fourth Age 7]].<ref>{{RK|Havens}}</ref>
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His son, Sam, named his seventh child [[Hamfast Gardner|Hamfast]] after his father.<ref name="Gamgee"/>
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==Etymology==
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The name ''Hamfast'' means "Stay-at-home", or literally, "Home-fast". It is a translation of his [[Westron]] name, [[Ranugad]] [[Galbasi]].<ref>{{App|F2}}</ref> In the [[King's Letter]], the name (referring to [[Hamfast Gardner]], not the Gaffer) is translated into [[Sindarin]] as [[Baravorn]].<ref>{{SD|Epilogue}}</ref>
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"Gaffer" is a word for "foreman".<ref>Etymonline, "[http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=gaffer Gaffer]", accessed November 29, 2010</ref>
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==Inspiration==
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In [[Letter 257]], [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] recounts a holiday to Lamorna Cave in the early 1930's. To amuse his sons, he named a local Gaffer Gamgee. This "curious local character" was "an old man who used to go about swapping gossip and weather-fashion and such like". The surname was chosen because it alliterated with Gaffer.
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Tolkien had several encounters with actual Gamgees, however. [[wikipedia:Gamgee Tissue|Gamgee Tissue]], a word young Ronald considered comical, was named after [[wikipedia:Sampson Gamgee|J. Sampson Gamgee]] (1828-1886), a famous [[Birmingham]] surgeon.<ref>{{L|72}}</ref> The Gamgees were notorious surgeons - years later, Dr. Leonard Gamgee tended those war-wounded, including Lieutenant Tolkien.{{fact}}
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==Portrayal in Adaptations==
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'''1981: [[The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (1981 radio series)]]:'''
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:[[John Church]] plays Gaffer Gamgee. He used a thick peasant accent for the role.
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'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
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:Gaffer appears in the {{fotree}}, where he is played by [[Norman Forsey]]. The conversation in the Ivy Bush is moved to the [[Green Dragon Inn]], though the dialogue remains much the same. He does not appear at Sam's marriage in ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King|The Return of the King]]''.
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'''2002: [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (video game)]]:'''
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:Gaffer appears twice; at first, he drinks at the Green Dragon, but during the night, he informs Frodo of the Ringwraith that stalks the Shire. He was voiced by an uncredited [[Jim Piddock]].
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==Notes==
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<references group=note/>
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Lord of the Rings]]
 
[[Category:Hobbits]]
 
[[Category:Hobbits]]
 
[[Category:Gamgee]]
 
[[Category:Gamgee]]
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[[de:Hamfast Gamdschie (Sohn von Hobsen)]]
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[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hobbits/gamegie/hamfast_gamegie_1]]
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[[fi:Hamfast Gamgi (Ukko Gamgi)]]

Revision as of 06:38, 3 May 2013

Stephen Hickman - Gaffer Gamgee and the Black Rider.jpg
Hamfast Gamgee
Hobbit
Biographical Information
Other namesGaffer, Old Gamgee, Ranugad Galbasi
PositionGardener
LocationHobbiton
BirthS.R. 1326
DeathS.R. 1428[note 1] (aged 102)
Family
FamilyGamgee
ParentageHobson Gamgee
SiblingsAndy, May and Halfred
ChildrenHamson, Halfred, Daisy, May, Samwise and Marigold
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorIn later life, grey
"You can say what you like, Gaffer, but Bag End's a queer place, and its folk are queerer."
Sandyman[1]

Hamfast Gamgee, better known as the Gaffer, was a Hobbit of the Shire, and the father of Samwise Gamgee.

Contents

History

Hamfast was born in 2926, the third son of Hobson Gamgee, who was a roper by trade.[2]

He entered the service of his relative, Holman Greenhand, and became a gardener. One of his first jobs was tending the garden of Bag End. On 22 June, T.A. 2942, he and Holman tried frantically to keep the garden in order during the auction of the presumed-dead Bilbo Baggins.[1] It is likely that at this time he already lived at Number 3, Bagshot Row.

Hamfast became a gardener in his own right in about T.A. 2960[3], and a local expert on potatoes.[1] He married Bell Goodchild, and they had six children: Hamson, Halfred, Daisy, May, Samwise and Marigold.[2] Sam became Hamfast's apprentice.

Sam took over most of his father's work, who had become too old for the laborous work. He became known as the "Gaffer", a name Sam uses more often than "Hamfast".

In the wake of the Farewell Party, the Gaffer entertained a crowd at the Ivy Bush. Always a man of loquacity and knowledge, he argued with Sandyman, Old Noakes and Ham's neighbor Daddy Twofoot about the Bagginses and the Sackville-Bagginses.[1]

On 22 September, T.A. 3018, the night of the departure of Frodo and Sam from the Shire, Khamûl, one of the Nazgûl rode up the lane, and asked the elderly hobbit about "Baggins". A week later, he was visited by Gandalf who also informed about Frodo's whereabouts.[4]

When Lotho and eventually Sharkey took over the Shire, the Gaffer was evicted from Bagshot Row.[5] After the Battle of Bywater, in which he only had a marginal role, he moved back into the newly restored New Row, while Sam moved into Bag End. He was looked after by the Widow Rumble, and died in Fourth Age 7.[6]

His son, Sam, named his seventh child Hamfast after his father.[2]

Etymology

The name Hamfast means "Stay-at-home", or literally, "Home-fast". It is a translation of his Westron name, Ranugad Galbasi.[7] In the King's Letter, the name (referring to Hamfast Gardner, not the Gaffer) is translated into Sindarin as Baravorn.[8]

"Gaffer" is a word for "foreman".[9]

Inspiration

In Letter 257, J.R.R. Tolkien recounts a holiday to Lamorna Cave in the early 1930's. To amuse his sons, he named a local Gaffer Gamgee. This "curious local character" was "an old man who used to go about swapping gossip and weather-fashion and such like". The surname was chosen because it alliterated with Gaffer.

Tolkien had several encounters with actual Gamgees, however. Gamgee Tissue, a word young Ronald considered comical, was named after J. Sampson Gamgee (1828-1886), a famous Birmingham surgeon.[10] The Gamgees were notorious surgeons - years later, Dr. Leonard Gamgee tended those war-wounded, including Lieutenant Tolkien.[source?]

Portrayal in Adaptations

1981: The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series):

John Church plays Gaffer Gamgee. He used a thick peasant accent for the role.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Gaffer appears in the The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (Extended Edition)

, where he is played by Norman Forsey. The conversation in the Ivy Bush is moved to the Green Dragon Inn, though the dialogue remains much the same. He does not appear at Sam's marriage in The Return of the King.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Gaffer appears twice; at first, he drinks at the Green Dragon, but during the night, he informs Frodo of the Ringwraith that stalks the Shire. He was voiced by an uncredited Jim Piddock.

Notes

  1. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth gives Fo.A. 8

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Long-expected Party"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix C, "The Longfather-tree of Master Samwise"
  3. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, p. 187
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Many Meetings"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Scouring of the Shire"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Grey Havens"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, "Part One: The End of the Third Age: XI. The Epilogue"
  9. Etymonline, "Gaffer", accessed November 29, 2010
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 72, (dated 31 May 1944)