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Galad

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==Sindarin==
 
==Sindarin==
'''''galad''''' is a [[Sindarin]] word for "radiance", "glittering", or "reflection", usually connected to water, gems, or a smooth surface.
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'''''galad''''' is a [[Sindarin]] word for "radiance", "glittering", or "reflection", usually connected to water, gems, or a smooth surface.<ref name=PM>{{PM|XI}}, "The names of Finwë's descendants" (section 5), p. 347</ref>
 
===Etymology===
 
===Etymology===
 
Tolkien experimented with several possible etymologies of ''galad'':
 
Tolkien experimented with several possible etymologies of ''galad'':
 
#''galad'' deriving from [[Primitive Elvish]] ''galatā'' ("radiance, radiate"),  from [[Sundocarme|root]] [[KAL]].<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 50</ref>
 
#''galad'' deriving from [[Primitive Elvish]] ''galatā'' ("radiance, radiate"),  from [[Sundocarme|root]] [[KAL]].<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 50</ref>
#''galad'' deriving from [[Primitive Elvish]] ''ñaladā'', from [[Sundocarme|root]] [[ÑGAL]] ("gleam, sheen").<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 59</ref>
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#''galad'' deriving from [[Primitive Elvish]] ''ñaladā'', from [[Sundocarme|root]] [[ÑAL|ÑGAL]] ("gleam, sheen").<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 59</ref>
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#''galad'' deriving from [[Common Eldarin]] ''ñalatā'' ("radiance, glittering reflection"), from [[Sundocarme|root]] [[ÑAL]] ("shine by reflection").<ref name=PM/>
 
===Examples===
 
===Examples===
*''[[Gil-galad]]''
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*''[[Gil-galad#Etymology|Gil-galad]]''
*''[[Galadriel]]''
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*''[[Galadriel#Etymology|Galadriel]]''
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===Cognates===
 
===Cognates===
 
*[[Quenya]] ''[[ñalta]]''
 
*[[Quenya]] ''[[ñalta]]''
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==Noldorin==
 
==Noldorin==
  
''galad'' is a [[Noldorin]] word meaning "light".<ref name=VT45>{{VT|45a}}, p. 13</ref>
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'''''galad''''' is a [[Noldorin]] word meaning "light".<ref name=VT45>{{VT|45a}}, p. 13</ref>
  
 
===Etymology===
 
===Etymology===
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*[[Sindarin]] ''[[galadh]]'' ("tree")
 
*[[Sindarin]] ''[[galadh]]'' ("tree")
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
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{{title|lowercase}}
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
 
[[Category:Nandorin words]]
 
[[Category:Nandorin words]]
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[[Category:Noldorin nouns]]

Latest revision as of 21:27, 8 November 2012

Contents

[edit] Sindarin

galad is a Sindarin word for "radiance", "glittering", or "reflection", usually connected to water, gems, or a smooth surface.[1]

[edit] Etymology

Tolkien experimented with several possible etymologies of galad:

  1. galad deriving from Primitive Elvish galatā ("radiance, radiate"), from root KAL.[2]
  2. galad deriving from Primitive Elvish ñaladā, from root ÑGAL ("gleam, sheen").[3]
  3. galad deriving from Common Eldarin ñalatā ("radiance, glittering reflection"), from root ÑAL ("shine by reflection").[1]

[edit] Examples

[edit] Cognates

[edit] Silvan

galad is a Silvan Elvish word for "tree".[4]

[edit] Noldorin

galad is a Noldorin word meaning "light".[5]

[edit] Etymology

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants" (section 5), p. 347
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 50
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 59
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (I) The First Phase: 5. Of Eldanor and the Princes of the Eldalië", p. 182 (commentary to §42)
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003, p. 13