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Gnomish

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'''Goldogrin''' also called '''I-Lam na-Ngoldathon''' "The language of the Noldoli" or '''Gnomish''' was the language of the [[Gnomes]] spoken in the [[Great Lands]].
 
  
This language was the first incarnation of the [[Celtic]]-like [[Elvish]] language invented by [[Tolkien]] during the first drafts of his [[Legendarium]] during [[1917]] and later. The language would evolve into the language known as [[Noldorin]] around [[1930]] and finally envisioned as [[Sindarin|the language of the Sindar]].
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'''Gnomish''', also called '''Goldogrin''' or '''I-Lam na-Ngoldathon''' ("The language of the Noldoli"), was the language of the [[Gnomes]] spoken in the [[Great Lands]].
  
Unlike Sindarin, and like Quenya, Goldogrin was an inflected language with a full case system; For example the genitive plural "of the Gnomes" is ''Ngoldathon'' as seen above. The ending ''-on'' is also known from later [[Quenya]]. It is also seen in later names such as [[Caras Galadhon]] (said to be [[Silvan Elvish]]) and perhaps [[Dorthonion]].
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This language was the first incarnation of the [[Celtic]]-like [[Elvish]] language invented by [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] during the first drafts of his [[Legendarium]] during [[1917]] and later. The language would evolve into the language known as [[Noldorin]] around [[1930]] and finally envisioned as [[Sindarin|the language of the Sindar]] during the writing of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
  
Goldogrin is notable for being one of the very few languages by Tolkien about which he proceeded into assembling a definite [[Gnomish Lexicon|lexicon]] and grammar notes (published in [[Parma Eldalamberon 11]]).
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Unlike [[Sindarin]], and like [[Quenya]], Goldogrin was an inflected language with a full case system; For example, the genitive plural "of the Gnomes" is ''Ngoldathon'' as seen above. The ending ''-on'' is also known from later Quenya. It is also seen in later names such as [[Caras Galadhon]] (said to be [[Silvan Elvish]]) and perhaps [[Dorthonion]].
  
Since Sindarin is a continuous revision of Gnomish, it kept its Celticish phonology, some common grammar elements (like the ''[[-in]]'' plural ending and Welsh style mutations) and much of the vocabulary (eg. ''[[lam]]'' "language", ''[[mab]]'' "hand", ''[[gloss]]'' "white").  
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Gnomish is notable for being one of the very few languages by Tolkien about which he proceeded into assembling a definite [[Gnomish Lexicon|lexicon]] and grammar notes (published in [[Parma Eldalamberon 11|''Parma Eldalamberon'', issue 11]]).
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Since Sindarin is a continuous revision of Gnomish, it kept its Celtic phonology, some common grammar elements (like the ''[[-in]]'' plural ending and Welsh style mutations) and much of the vocabulary (eg. ''[[lam]]'' "language", ''[[mab]]'' "hand", ''[[gloss]]'' "white").  
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Several Gnomish words seem like they would derive from [[Sundocarme|roots]] known from the ''[[Etymologies]]'' or that they would belong to a dialect of Sindarin; for example the word ''gweg'' "man" could have been a Sindarin word derived from [[WEG]] (see [[Denweg]]).
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==See also==
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*[[:Category:Gnomish words|Category: Gnomish words]]
  
Several Gnomish words seem like they would derive from [[root]]s known from the ''[[Etymologies]]'' or that they would belong to a dialect of Sindarin; for example the word ''gweg'' "man" could have been a Sindarin word derived from [[WEG]].
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/goldogrin/grammar.html Goldogrin grammar] by [[Thorsten Renk]]
 
*[http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/goldogrin/grammar.html Goldogrin grammar] by [[Thorsten Renk]]
[[Category:Sindarin]]
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*[http://www.sindanoorie.net/art/Gold_phon.html Historical Phonology of Goldogrin] by [[Roman Rausch]]
[[Category:Languages]]
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[[Category:Gnomish]]

Latest revision as of 14:58, 24 February 2013

"...there is much else that may be told." — Glóin
This article or section is a stub. Please help Tolkien Gateway by expanding it.


Gnomish, also called Goldogrin or I-Lam na-Ngoldathon ("The language of the Noldoli"), was the language of the Gnomes spoken in the Great Lands.

This language was the first incarnation of the Celtic-like Elvish language invented by Tolkien during the first drafts of his Legendarium during 1917 and later. The language would evolve into the language known as Noldorin around 1930 and finally envisioned as the language of the Sindar during the writing of The Lord of the Rings.

Unlike Sindarin, and like Quenya, Goldogrin was an inflected language with a full case system; For example, the genitive plural "of the Gnomes" is Ngoldathon as seen above. The ending -on is also known from later Quenya. It is also seen in later names such as Caras Galadhon (said to be Silvan Elvish) and perhaps Dorthonion.

Gnomish is notable for being one of the very few languages by Tolkien about which he proceeded into assembling a definite lexicon and grammar notes (published in Parma Eldalamberon, issue 11).

Since Sindarin is a continuous revision of Gnomish, it kept its Celtic phonology, some common grammar elements (like the -in plural ending and Welsh style mutations) and much of the vocabulary (eg. lam "language", mab "hand", gloss "white").

Several Gnomish words seem like they would derive from roots known from the Etymologies or that they would belong to a dialect of Sindarin; for example the word gweg "man" could have been a Sindarin word derived from WEG (see Denweg).

[edit] See also

[edit] External links