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Gondorian Military Forces

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[[Image:ME-Gondor.png|thumb|right|Gondorian military banner]]{{rewrite}}
  
The '''Gondorian Military Forces''' were the most powerful defense forces in Middle-earth from the late Second Age into the the Fourth Age.  From the [[War of the Last Alliance]] to the [[War of the Ring]], they formed the core of several campaigns against [[Sauron]] and his allies, like the [[Witch-king of Angmar]] and [[Saruman]]. They were made up of three main constituents-- the infantry, the calvary, and the navy.[[Image:ME-Gondor.png|thumb|right|Gondorian military banner]]
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The '''military of Gondor''' was arguably the strongest force in Middle-earth that opposed [[Sauron]] in the [[Second Age|late Second]] and [[Third Age]].
  
 
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== Infantry ==
== Infantry of Gondor ==
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=== In The [[War of the Last Alliance]] ===
 
=== In The [[War of the Last Alliance]] ===
  
Within a century of Gondor's founding, her armed forces were put to a severe test during the [[War of the Last Alliance]]. In alliance with [[Arnor]] and Elven forces from [[Lindon]] and [[Rhovanion]], Gondor fought a series of battle with the forces of [[Sauron]].  Sauron's ground forces were completely infantry based, and the allies were predominately infantry as well. This was a result of having brought few horses with them after the Downfall of Númenor. The War was a long struggle of attrition involving hundreds of thousands of troops on each side, and Gondor's casualties were serious while Arnor's were crippling. In this great conflict, Gondor's troops fought in close, well ordered regiments, with infantry in front and archers behind.  Archers were also used as mobile reserves, with companies of them moved from on weak spot in the battle line to another.{{ref|1}}
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Within a century of Gondor's founding, it was put to a severe test during the [[War of the Last Alliance]]. In an alliance with [[Arnor]] and Elven forces from [[Lindon]] and [[Rhovanion]], Gondor fought a series of battles against the forces of [[Sauron]].  Sauron's ground forces were completely infantry-based, and the allies were predominantly-infantry as well. This was a result of having brought few horses with them after the Downfall of Númenor. The War was a long struggle of attrition involving hundreds of thousands of troops on each side, and Gondor's casualties were serious while Arnor's were crippling. In this great conflict, Gondor's troops fought in close, well-ordered regiments, with infantry in front and archers behind.  Archers were also used as mobile reserves, with companies of them moving from one weak spot in the battle line to another.<ref>[[Chris Smith]], ''[[The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare]]'', "The Last Alliance of Elves and Men", pp. 5-6</ref>
  
Gondor's infantrymen were well-armored, carrying large, broad [[shields]]. They were made of multi-layered wood, and edged in metal.  They always bore the device of the tree of Gondor, in metal. Infantrymen wore heavy armor, so they definitely considered heavy infantry.  Above their tunics, they wore a layer of chain mail extending down to their knees and elbows.  This ended with heavy gauntlets on the forearms, and heavy knee boots.  Soldiers also wore plate armor, with a heavy embossed [[breastplate]] and [[backplate]].  Steel greaves extended downwards from the breastplate to the knees for added protection.  All of this was topped off with a large steel [[helmet]], with cheek plates, and a curved neck piece to protect the next from enemy blows.  Decorative wings were usually attached, and the helmet was often edged in bronze.{{ref|2}} 
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Gondor's infantrymen were well-armoured, carrying large, broad shields. They were made of multi-layered wood, and edged in metal.  They always bore the device of the tree of Gondor, in metal. The infantry wore heavy armour.  Above their tunics, they wore a layer of chain mail extending down to their knees and elbows.  This ended with heavy gauntlets on the forearms, and heavy boots.  Soldiers also wore plate armour, with a heavy embossed breastplate and backplate.  Steel greaves extended downwards from the breastplate to the knees for added protection.  All of this was topped off with a large steel helmet, with cheek plates, and a curved neck piece to protect the neck from enemy blows.  Decorative wings were usually attached, and the helmet was often edged in bronze. <ref name="WaW2527">[[Chris Smith]], ''[[The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare]]'', "Númenóreans", pp. 25-27</ref>
  
The weapons used by the infantry included [[spears]], swords, axes, and bows.  Gondorian spears were very long, around nine feet.  The point was made of steel, and often two feet long.  It was designed to be used as a thrusting weapons, as opposed to elven spears, which were often thrown.  Swords were usually of medium length-- longer than a short sword, but shorter than a broadsword.  They were heavy blades usually pointed and designed to be used one-handed, either thrusting or chopping at an opponent.  While the pommel was polished wood, the sword guard was usually made of bronze.  In close hand-to-hand action, axes would sometimes be used.  These were usually single-edged, and about three feet in length.{{ref|3}}
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The weapons used by the infantry included [[spears]], [[swords]], [[axes]], and [[bows]].  Gondorian spears were very long, about nine feet in length.  The point was made of steel, and often two feet long.  It was designed to be used in a thrusting motion, as opposed to elven spears, which were often thrown.  Swords were usually of medium length longer than a short sword, but shorter than a broadsword.  They were heavy blades usually pointed and designed to be used one-handed, either through thrusting or chopping at an opponent.  While the pommel was polished wood, the sword guard was usually made of bronze.  In close hand-to-hand action, axes would sometimes be used.  These were usually single-edged, and about three feet in length.<ref name="WaW2527"/>
  
 
=== The Third Age ===   
 
=== The Third Age ===   
  
During the [[Third Age]], Gondor's land forces were called on to perform a number of tasks, including maintaining a watch over [[Mordor]].  They suffered during Gondor's civil war, when they were divided over [[Castamir|Castamir's]] rule.
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During the [[Third Age]], Gondor's military prowess eventually declined. The soldiers used two different types of armour and shields.  The first one was the same as the ones used in the [[War of the Last Alliance]] and were still used when Gondor was ruled by the Kings; however when Gondor was ruled by the Stewards instead of Kings (this was during the second half of the Third Age), this caused their armour and shields to change: the shields that they carried changed and were only about half the height of their users which were made of metal. Their armour was affected as well, for it was made out of a thin-layered strip of metal that would block against a few attacks, unlike the one used in the Second Age which could block many attacks.  The weapons were the same (ex. spear, sword, bow and arrows) throughout the Third AgeAnother major difference was the Gondorian soldiers themselves: although the soldiers would have proudly fought to the last man, they were never as strong as the warriors of the past especially by the second half of the Third Age.  After the Great Plague and the [[Kin-strife]], which left Gondor very weakened, the Gondorian troops mostly consisted of regular soldiers for the rest of the Third Age.  Many Númenóreans of pure blood had perished during those troublesome times.
For centuries, these forces battled the [[Easterlings]] to the east, and the [[Haradrim]] to the southFinally, during the [[War of the Ring]], during the [[Battle of Pelennor Fields]] and the [[Battle of the Morannon]], these two great enemies were at last vanquished as Sauron's realm collapsed.
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== Gondorian Knights and Cavalry Forces ==
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== Cavalry of Gondor ==
  
Traditionally, Gondor had a small cavalry force. In the last quarter of the Third Age, it's close ally [[Rohan]] often supplied its main cavalry component.  This was true during the [[Wainrider/Balchoth War]], and well as during the [[War of the Ring]]. Before the [[Battle of Pelennor Fields]], a mixed force of infantry and cavalry retreated from the [[Causeway Forts]] and [[Osgiliath]] to the citadel of [[Minas Tirith]]. Pursued by Orcs on the ground, and Nazgûl from the sky, these forces were in great peril. [[Denethor|Lord Denethor]], Steward of Gondor, finally released a mounted counterattack against them, which drove them back. Leading this attack was the [[Imrahil|Prince Imrahil]] of [[Dol Amroth]], and his mounted swan-knights.  These men represented the elite cavalry force of Gondor.{{ref|4}}
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Traditionally, Gondor had a small cavalry force. In the last quarter of the Third Age, its close ally [[Rohan]] often supplied the bulk of its cavalry forces.  This was true during the [[Wainrider/Balchoth War]] as well as during the [[War of the Ring]]. Before the [[Battle of the Pelennor Fields|Battle of Pelennor Fields]], a mixed force of infantry and cavalry retreated from the [[Causeway Forts]] and [[Osgiliath]] to the citadel of [[Minas Tirith]]. Pursued by Orcs on the ground and Nazgûl from the sky, these forces were in great peril. [[Denethor|Lord Denethor]], Steward of Gondor, finally released a mounted counter-attack against them, which drove them back. Leading this attack was the [[Imrahil|Prince Imrahil]] of [[Dol Amroth]] and his mounted swan-knights.  These men represented the elite cavalry force of Gondor.<ref>{{HM|RK}}, [[The Siege of Gondor]]</ref>
  
 
== Gondorian Naval Forces ==
 
== Gondorian Naval Forces ==
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[[Image:ME-DolAmroth.png|thumb|right|Dol Amroth's ensign shows its sea theme]]The '''Gondorian Navy''' constituted the sea-going defense forces of the Southern kingdom of [[Gondor]].  They were often in action against opposition naval forces from [[Pelargir]] or [[Umbar]], renegade fiefs of Gondor.
 
[[Image:ME-DolAmroth.png|thumb|right|Dol Amroth's ensign shows its sea theme]]The '''Gondorian Navy''' constituted the sea-going defense forces of the Southern kingdom of [[Gondor]].  They were often in action against opposition naval forces from [[Pelargir]] or [[Umbar]], renegade fiefs of Gondor.
  
Before the Downfall of [[Númenor]], it had been known as a mighty sea power, the greatest that ever existed in Middle Earth.  Previously they had sent great fleets, under [[Minastir]], to the aid of [[Gil-galad]] against Sauron in the middle of the Third Age.  [[Elendil]] and his sons, who founded [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], were all great mariners; therefore, there was a long distinguished tradition of shipbuilding, sea exploration, and seapower projection.  By [[Third Age 830|T.A. 830]], Falastur was engaged in heavy fleet building, and became know as the first of the [[Ship-kings]] of Gondor.{{ref|5}} These fleets were usually based at Pelargir, and sometimes Umbar.  After the [[Kinslaying]] in Gondor, the defeated rebels took refuge in [[Umbar]], where they long troubled Gondor.  Late in the Third Age, [[Thorongil]] (Aragorn II) led a Gondorian naval task force in a raid known as the [[Surprise Attack on Umbar]].  This was a successful raid that neutralized the [[Corsairs of Umbar|Corsairs']] naval power for decades, and reduced the southern pressure on Gondor at a time when its power was waning.
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Before the Downfall of [[Númenor]], it had been known as a mighty sea power, the greatest that ever existed in Middle Earth.  Previously they had sent great fleets, under [[Minastir]], to the aid of [[Gil-galad]] against Sauron in the middle of the Third Age.  [[Elendil]] and his sons, who founded [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], were all great mariners; therefore, there was a long distinguished tradition of shipbuilding, sea exploration, and sea-power projection.  By {{TA|830}}, Falastur was engaged in heavy fleet building, and became know as the first of the [[Ship-kings]] of Gondor.<ref>{{HM|AA}}</ref> These fleets were usually based at Pelargir, and sometimes Umbar.  After the [[Kin-strife]] in Gondor, the defeated rebels took refuge in [[Umbar]], where they long troubled Gondor.  Late in the Third Age, [[Thorongil]] (Aragorn II) led a Gondorian naval task force in a raid known as the [[Surprise Attack on Umbar]].  This was a successful raid that neutralized the [[Corsairs of Umbar|Corsairs']] naval power for decades, and reduced the southern pressure on Gondor at a time when its power was waning.
  
 
== Gondorian Special Forces ==
 
== Gondorian Special Forces ==
  
'''Gondorian Special Forces''' were armed men operating often behind enemy lines. Late in the Third Age, and the power of [[Mordor]] grew, Gondor withdrew most of its conventional forces from east of the Anduin, including North and South [[Ithilien]].  They did not abandon the area completely, however, and maintained a guerrilla presence there, the [[Rangers of Ithilien]].  During the [[War of the Ring]], this force was commanded by Faramir, son of Denethor II.  They acted as a reconnaissance force, and often harassed Sauron's forces, like the [[Southrons]].
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Several groups were armed men operating often behind enemy lines. Late in the Third Age, and the power of [[Mordor]] grew, Gondor withdrew most of its conventional forces from east of the Anduin, including North and South [[Ithilien]].  They did not abandon the area completely, however, and maintained a guerilla presence there, the [[Rangers of Ithilien]].  During the [[War of the Ring]], this force was commanded by [[Faramir|Faramir, son of Denethor II]].  They acted as a reconnaissance force, and often harassed Sauron's forces.
  
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{{references}}
 
[[Category: Gondorians]]
 
[[Category: Gondorians]]
 
[[Category: Organizations]]
 
[[Category: Organizations]]
 
== References ==
 
 
# {{note|1}} ''[[The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare]]'', [[The Last Alliance of Elves and Men]], pp. 5-6.
 
# {{note|2}} ''[[The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare]]'', [[Númenóreans]], p. 27.
 
# {{note|3}} ''[[The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare]]'', [[Númenóreans]], pp. 25-27.
 
# {{note|4}} ''[[The Return of the King]]'', [[The Siege of Gondor]], pp. 801-802.
 
# {{note|5}} ''[[The Return of the King]]'', [[Appendix A]], p. 1060.
 

Revision as of 18:29, 4 October 2013

File:ME-Gondor.png
Gondorian military banner
"The wise will stay here and hope to rebuild our town..." — Master of Lake-town
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The military of Gondor was arguably the strongest force in Middle-earth that opposed Sauron in the late Second and Third Age.

Contents

Infantry

In The War of the Last Alliance

Within a century of Gondor's founding, it was put to a severe test during the War of the Last Alliance. In an alliance with Arnor and Elven forces from Lindon and Rhovanion, Gondor fought a series of battles against the forces of Sauron. Sauron's ground forces were completely infantry-based, and the allies were predominantly-infantry as well. This was a result of having brought few horses with them after the Downfall of Númenor. The War was a long struggle of attrition involving hundreds of thousands of troops on each side, and Gondor's casualties were serious while Arnor's were crippling. In this great conflict, Gondor's troops fought in close, well-ordered regiments, with infantry in front and archers behind. Archers were also used as mobile reserves, with companies of them moving from one weak spot in the battle line to another.[1]

Gondor's infantrymen were well-armoured, carrying large, broad shields. They were made of multi-layered wood, and edged in metal. They always bore the device of the tree of Gondor, in metal. The infantry wore heavy armour. Above their tunics, they wore a layer of chain mail extending down to their knees and elbows. This ended with heavy gauntlets on the forearms, and heavy boots. Soldiers also wore plate armour, with a heavy embossed breastplate and backplate. Steel greaves extended downwards from the breastplate to the knees for added protection. All of this was topped off with a large steel helmet, with cheek plates, and a curved neck piece to protect the neck from enemy blows. Decorative wings were usually attached, and the helmet was often edged in bronze. [2]

The weapons used by the infantry included spears, swords, axes, and bows. Gondorian spears were very long, about nine feet in length. The point was made of steel, and often two feet long. It was designed to be used in a thrusting motion, as opposed to elven spears, which were often thrown. Swords were usually of medium length — longer than a short sword, but shorter than a broadsword. They were heavy blades usually pointed and designed to be used one-handed, either through thrusting or chopping at an opponent. While the pommel was polished wood, the sword guard was usually made of bronze. In close hand-to-hand action, axes would sometimes be used. These were usually single-edged, and about three feet in length.[2]

The Third Age

During the Third Age, Gondor's military prowess eventually declined. The soldiers used two different types of armour and shields. The first one was the same as the ones used in the War of the Last Alliance and were still used when Gondor was ruled by the Kings; however when Gondor was ruled by the Stewards instead of Kings (this was during the second half of the Third Age), this caused their armour and shields to change: the shields that they carried changed and were only about half the height of their users which were made of metal. Their armour was affected as well, for it was made out of a thin-layered strip of metal that would block against a few attacks, unlike the one used in the Second Age which could block many attacks. The weapons were the same (ex. spear, sword, bow and arrows) throughout the Third Age. Another major difference was the Gondorian soldiers themselves: although the soldiers would have proudly fought to the last man, they were never as strong as the warriors of the past especially by the second half of the Third Age. After the Great Plague and the Kin-strife, which left Gondor very weakened, the Gondorian troops mostly consisted of regular soldiers for the rest of the Third Age. Many Númenóreans of pure blood had perished during those troublesome times.

Cavalry of Gondor

Traditionally, Gondor had a small cavalry force. In the last quarter of the Third Age, its close ally Rohan often supplied the bulk of its cavalry forces. This was true during the Wainrider/Balchoth War as well as during the War of the Ring. Before the Battle of Pelennor Fields, a mixed force of infantry and cavalry retreated from the Causeway Forts and Osgiliath to the citadel of Minas Tirith. Pursued by Orcs on the ground and Nazgûl from the sky, these forces were in great peril. Lord Denethor, Steward of Gondor, finally released a mounted counter-attack against them, which drove them back. Leading this attack was the Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth and his mounted swan-knights. These men represented the elite cavalry force of Gondor.[3]

Gondorian Naval Forces

File:ME-DolAmroth.png
Dol Amroth's ensign shows its sea theme
The Gondorian Navy constituted the sea-going defense forces of the Southern kingdom of Gondor. They were often in action against opposition naval forces from Pelargir or Umbar, renegade fiefs of Gondor.

Before the Downfall of Númenor, it had been known as a mighty sea power, the greatest that ever existed in Middle Earth. Previously they had sent great fleets, under Minastir, to the aid of Gil-galad against Sauron in the middle of the Third Age. Elendil and his sons, who founded Arnor and Gondor, were all great mariners; therefore, there was a long distinguished tradition of shipbuilding, sea exploration, and sea-power projection. By T.A. 830, Falastur was engaged in heavy fleet building, and became know as the first of the Ship-kings of Gondor.[4] These fleets were usually based at Pelargir, and sometimes Umbar. After the Kin-strife in Gondor, the defeated rebels took refuge in Umbar, where they long troubled Gondor. Late in the Third Age, Thorongil (Aragorn II) led a Gondorian naval task force in a raid known as the Surprise Attack on Umbar. This was a successful raid that neutralized the Corsairs' naval power for decades, and reduced the southern pressure on Gondor at a time when its power was waning.

Gondorian Special Forces

Several groups were armed men operating often behind enemy lines. Late in the Third Age, and the power of Mordor grew, Gondor withdrew most of its conventional forces from east of the Anduin, including North and South Ithilien. They did not abandon the area completely, however, and maintained a guerilla presence there, the Rangers of Ithilien. During the War of the Ring, this force was commanded by Faramir, son of Denethor II. They acted as a reconnaissance force, and often harassed Sauron's forces.

References

  1. Chris Smith, The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare, "The Last Alliance of Elves and Men", pp. 5-6
  2. 2.0 2.1 Chris Smith, The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare, "Númenóreans", pp. 25-27
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, The Siege of Gondor
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A