Tolkien Gateway

Gothic

(Difference between revisions)
m (Added {{references}})
(9 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
'''Gothic''' was the language of the Goths; the oldest known Germanic language, it is now extinct and left no descendants. As a Germanic language, Gothic was related to [[Old English]] and [[Old Norse]].
 
'''Gothic''' was the language of the Goths; the oldest known Germanic language, it is now extinct and left no descendants. As a Germanic language, Gothic was related to [[Old English]] and [[Old Norse]].
  
Gothic was the first language that [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] studied for his own pleasure, and it may have given an impulsion in the first development of [[Qenya]]. Tolkien even attempted to reconstruct some parts of the language and such elements survived in [[Taliska]], the language he created for the [[Edain]] of the [[First Age]]. He also composed a full poem, ''[[Bagme Bloma]]'' "The Flower of the Trees" in Gothic.
+
Gothic was the first language that [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] studied for his own pleasure, and it may have given an impulsion in the first development of [[Qenya]]. Tolkien even attempted to reconstruct some parts of the language and such elements survived in [[Taliska]], the language he created for the [[Edain]] of the [[First Age]]. He also composed a full poem, ''[[Bagmē Blōma|Bagme Bloma]]'' "The Flower of the Trees" in Gothic.
  
Since in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' Old English represents [[Rohirric]], Tolkien used Gothic to represent the earlier language of the [[Northmen]] of [[Rhovanion]] in order to show the relationship between these languages. However, in reality Gothic had no descendants, so Old English is not directly related to it; therefore this simulation does not reflect exactly the relationship between Northern and Rohirric.
+
According to [[Lisa Star]], Tolkien also devised a [[tengwar]] mode for Gothic which is known to exist, but remain unpublished to date.<ref>{{webcite|author=Lisa Star|articleurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20091027110101/http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/9902/unpub.html|articlename=A List of Tolkien's Unpublished and Slightly Published Manuscripts|dated=August 2002|website=[http://web.archive.org/web/20091027074431/http://geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/9902/ Tyalie Tyelellieva website (archived)]|accessed=2 January 2012}}</ref>
  
Names like ''[[Vidumavi]]'' or ''[[Vidugavia]]'' are of Gothic etymology.
+
==Gothic names in Tolkien's legendarium==
 +
Since in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' Old English represents [[Rohirric]], Tolkien used Gothic to represent the earlier language of the [[Northmen]] of [[Rhovanion (region)|Rhovanion]] in accordance to the similarity between these languages.  
  
According to [[Lisa Star]], Tolkien also devised a [[tengwar]] mode for Gothic is known to exist, but remain unpublished to date [http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/9902/unpub.html]
+
*[[Vidugavia]]
 +
*[[Vidumavi]]
 +
*[[Vinitharya]]
 +
*[[Marhwini]]
 +
*[[Marhari]]
 +
*[[Forthwini]]
  
[[category:Real-world]]
+
However, in reality Old English was not directly related to Gothic as the way Rohirric was to Northern; therefore Tolkien's simulation does not reflect exactly the relationship between these languages but rather their similarity.
 +
 
 +
==External links==
 +
*{{WP|Gothic language}}
 +
{{references}}
 +
[[Category:Languages (real-world)]]

Revision as of 23:16, 2 January 2012

Gothic was the language of the Goths; the oldest known Germanic language, it is now extinct and left no descendants. As a Germanic language, Gothic was related to Old English and Old Norse.

Gothic was the first language that J.R.R. Tolkien studied for his own pleasure, and it may have given an impulsion in the first development of Qenya. Tolkien even attempted to reconstruct some parts of the language and such elements survived in Taliska, the language he created for the Edain of the First Age. He also composed a full poem, Bagme Bloma "The Flower of the Trees" in Gothic.

According to Lisa Star, Tolkien also devised a tengwar mode for Gothic which is known to exist, but remain unpublished to date.[1]

Gothic names in Tolkien's legendarium

Since in The Lord of the Rings Old English represents Rohirric, Tolkien used Gothic to represent the earlier language of the Northmen of Rhovanion in accordance to the similarity between these languages.

However, in reality Old English was not directly related to Gothic as the way Rohirric was to Northern; therefore Tolkien's simulation does not reflect exactly the relationship between these languages but rather their similarity.

External links

References

  1. Lisa Star, "A List of Tolkien's Unpublished and Slightly Published Manuscripts" dated 1 August 2002, Tyalie Tyelellieva website (archived) (accessed 2 January 2012)