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Gothmog (balrog)

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| destroyed=[[First Age 510|F.A. 510]], [[Fall of Gondolin]]
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| destroyed={{FA|510}}, [[Fall of Gondolin]]
 
| realm=[[Angband]]
 
| realm=[[Angband]]
 
| gender=Male
 
| gender=Male
 
| race=[[Balrogs]] ([[Maiar]])
 
| race=[[Balrogs]] ([[Maiar]])
 
| appearance=Possibly twice man-height, bearing black axe and whip
 
| appearance=Possibly twice man-height, bearing black axe and whip
| accomplishments=Slew two [[High King of the Noldor|High Kings of the Noldor]], victorious in the [[Nírnaeth Arnoediad]]
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| accomplishments=Slew two [[High King of the Noldor|High Kings of the Noldor]], victorious in the [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]]
|}}
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{{pronounce|Quenya - Osombauko.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
 
{{pronounce|Quenya - Osombauko.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
 
{{pronounce|Sindarin - Gothmog.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
 
{{pronounce|Sindarin - Gothmog.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
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'''Gothmog''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈɡoθmoɡ]}}) was the Lord of [[Balrogs]] and the [[High-captain of Angband]], one of the chief servants of the Dark Lord [[Morgoth]] with a rank equal to that of [[Sauron]]. While he was not as powerful as the Dark Lords, he surpassed them in brute strength and possibly strategy.
 
'''Gothmog''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈɡoθmoɡ]}}) was the Lord of [[Balrogs]] and the [[High-captain of Angband]], one of the chief servants of the Dark Lord [[Morgoth]] with a rank equal to that of [[Sauron]]. While he was not as powerful as the Dark Lords, he surpassed them in brute strength and possibly strategy.
  
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==History==
 
==History==
Gothmog was apparently one of the [[Maiar]] that followed [[Melkor]] to exile, and because of either his brilliant mind or because of his ability to assume an immensely powerful physical form, he was made the Lord of Balrogs.
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Gothmog was apparently one of the [[Maiar]] that followed [[Morgoth|Melkor]] to exile, and because of either his brilliant mind or because of his ability to assume an immensely powerful physical form, he was made the Lord of Balrogs.
 
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At the [[Dagor-nuin-Giliath]] he mortally wounded [[Fëanor]], but called a retreat upon the approach of the [[Sons of Fëanor]] with a sizable force.  He next appears in the texts at the [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]], where he is also named high-captain of [[Angband]], again inferring his power and status as essentially Morgoth's right-hand Balrog ([[Sauron]], another spirit, playing a more domestic than front-line role for his master).  There at the Nirnaeth he slew [[Fingon]], thus allowing him to boast of having slain two of the five [[High Kings of the Noldor]].  He also captured [[Húrin Thalion]] there.
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He was again displayed as Morgoth's front-line commander as he played an active role in the [[Fall of Gondolin]].  According to the (albeit uncanonical) text, he piled his iron siege equipment against the [[North Gate of Gondolin|gate]] until it broke from sheer pressure.  According to the same text he also took a front-line position against [[Rog]], turning the tide in that part of the battle.  More confirmed canonically, he beat down [[Tuor]] in single combat, but the elf-lord [[Ecthelion of the Fountain]], who was badly wounded, rose and stood over him.  Ecthelion stood no chance against the Lord of Balrogs, and lost his sword in the brief struggle.  But then Ecthelion leaped forward, and stabbed Gothmog in the breast with the spike atop his helm.  They both fell into the [[Fountain of the King]], where Gothmog, if not already killed by the spike, drowned with his opponent.{{Pronounce|Gothmog.mp3|Ardamir}}
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==Other versions of the Legendarium==
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In the earliest version of his mythology (''[[The Book of Lost Tales]]''), Tolkien describes Gothmog as a son of Morgoth and the ogress Fluithuin, but the idea of the children of [[Valar]] was abandoned in later writings.
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In one of Tolkien's early Middle-earth writings, ''[[Lay of the Children of Húrin]]'', "Lungorthin, Lord of Balrogs" is mentioned. It is not, however, certain if it was another name for Gothmog, or it simply meant "a Balrog lord". According to [[Christopher Tolkien]], the latter is more probable, as the name Gothmog was mentioned in the earliest Middle-earth writings, as well as the final version of Tolkien's mythology.
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At the [[Dagor-nuin-Giliath]] he mortally wounded [[Fëanor]], but called a retreat upon the approach of the [[Sons of Fëanor]] with a sizable force.<ref>{{S|Flight}}</ref>  He next appeared at the [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]], where he was also named high-captain of [[Angband]], again inferring his power and status as essentially Morgoth's right-hand Balrog ([[Sauron]], another spirit, played a more domestic than front-line role for his master). There at the Nirnaeth he slew [[Fingon]], thus allowing him to boast of having slain two of the five [[High Kings of the Noldor]].<ref>{{S|Fifth}}</ref>  He also captured [[Húrin|Húrin Thalion]] in this battle, despite Húrin slaughter of many of Gothmog's troll-guard.<ref>{{CH|2}}, p. 59</ref>
  
==Noun inflection==
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He was again deployed as Morgoth's front-line commander in the [[Fall of Gondolin]], where he was slain by [[Ecthelion of the Fountain|Ecthelion]].<ref>{{S|Gondolin}}</ref>  According to the (albeit uncanonical) text, Gothmog piled his iron siege equipment against the [[North Gate of Gondolin]] until it broke from sheer pressure.<ref>{{LT2|III}}, p. 176</ref>  The same text states that he also took a front-line position against [[Rog]], turning the tide in that part of the battle.<ref>{{LT2|III}}, p. 179</ref>  More confirmed canonically, he beat down [[Tuor]] in single combat, but the elf-lord [[Ecthelion|Ecthelion of the Fountain]], who was badly wounded, rose and stood over him.  Ecthelion stood no chance against the Lord of Balrogs, and lost his sword in the brief struggle. But then Ecthelion leaped forward, and stabbed Gothmog in the breast with the spike atop his helm. They both fell into the [[Fountain of the King]], where Gothmog, if not already killed by the spike, drowned with his opponent.<ref>{{LT2|III}}, pp. 183-184</ref>
{|
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{{Pronounce|Gothmog.mp3|Ardamir}}
|-
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|valign="top"|{{qya-decl-o|num=sg|Osombauk}}
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|valign="top"|{{sjn-noun-g|num=sing|O|o|thmog}}
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|}
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==References==
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<small>
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#[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]], ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', ''[[Quenta Silmarillion]]'', "[[Of the Flight of the Noldor]]"
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#[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]], ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', ''[[Quenta Silmarillion]]'', "[[Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad]]"
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#[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]], ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', ''[[Quenta Silmarillion]]'', "[[Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin]]"
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#[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]], ''[[The Book of Lost Tales Part 2]]'', "The Fall of Gondolin"
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#[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]], ''[[The Children of Húrin]]'', "[[The Battle of Unnumbered Tears]]"
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==Other versions of the legendarium==
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In the character list appended to ''[[The Fall of Gondolin]]'' Gothmog was described as "a son of Morgoth and the ogress [[Fluithuin]]",<ref>{{LT2|IIIn}}, p. 216</ref> but the idea of the children of [[Valar]] was abandoned in later writings.
  
{{maiar}}
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In one of Tolkien's early Middle-earth writings, ''[[Lay of the Children of Húrin]]'', "Lungorthin, Lord of Balrogs" is mentioned.<ref>{{LB|1e}}</ref> It is not, however, certain if it was another name for Gothmog, or it simply meant "a Balrog lord". According to [[Christopher Tolkien]], the latter is more probable, as the name Gothmog was mentioned in the earliest Middle-earth writings, as well as the final version of Tolkien's mythology.<ref>{{LB|1e}}, Commentary on Part I of the second version</ref>
  
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{{References}}
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{{Ainur}}
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{{title}}
 
[[Category:Balrogs]]
 
[[Category:Balrogs]]
[[Category:Maiar]]
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
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[[Category:Evil]]
 
[[de:Gothmog (Balrog)]]
 
[[de:Gothmog (Balrog)]]
 
[[fi:Gothmog (balrog)]]
 
[[fi:Gothmog (balrog)]]

Revision as of 21:59, 19 October 2012

This article is about the Balrog of the First Age. For the the Lieutenant of Morgul, see Gothmog (Lieutenant of Morgul).
Ted Nasmith - Fingon and Gothmog.jpg
Gothmog
Biographical Information
Other namesLord of Balrogs
High-captain of Angband
Created/bornBefore the Music of the Ainur
DestroyedF.A. 510, Fall of Gondolin
RealmAngband
Physical Description
RaceBalrogs (Maiar)
GenderMale
AppearancePossibly twice man-height, bearing black axe and whip
AccomplishmentsSlew two High Kings of the Noldor, victorious in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad

Gothmog (S, pron. [ˈɡoθmoɡ]) was the Lord of Balrogs and the High-captain of Angband, one of the chief servants of the Dark Lord Morgoth with a rank equal to that of Sauron. While he was not as powerful as the Dark Lords, he surpassed them in brute strength and possibly strategy.

Gothmog's Quenya name was Oþombauko ([ˌoθomˈbaʊko]) or later Noldorin Osombauko ([ˌosomˈbaʊko]).

History

Gothmog was apparently one of the Maiar that followed Melkor to exile, and because of either his brilliant mind or because of his ability to assume an immensely powerful physical form, he was made the Lord of Balrogs.

At the Dagor-nuin-Giliath he mortally wounded Fëanor, but called a retreat upon the approach of the Sons of Fëanor with a sizable force.[1] He next appeared at the Nirnaeth Arnoediad, where he was also named high-captain of Angband, again inferring his power and status as essentially Morgoth's right-hand Balrog (Sauron, another spirit, played a more domestic than front-line role for his master). There at the Nirnaeth he slew Fingon, thus allowing him to boast of having slain two of the five High Kings of the Noldor.[2] He also captured Húrin Thalion in this battle, despite Húrin slaughter of many of Gothmog's troll-guard.[3]

He was again deployed as Morgoth's front-line commander in the Fall of Gondolin, where he was slain by Ecthelion.[4] According to the (albeit uncanonical) text, Gothmog piled his iron siege equipment against the North Gate of Gondolin until it broke from sheer pressure.[5] The same text states that he also took a front-line position against Rog, turning the tide in that part of the battle.[6] More confirmed canonically, he beat down Tuor in single combat, but the elf-lord Ecthelion of the Fountain, who was badly wounded, rose and stood over him. Ecthelion stood no chance against the Lord of Balrogs, and lost his sword in the brief struggle. But then Ecthelion leaped forward, and stabbed Gothmog in the breast with the spike atop his helm. They both fell into the Fountain of the King, where Gothmog, if not already killed by the spike, drowned with his opponent.[7]

Other versions of the legendarium

In the character list appended to The Fall of Gondolin Gothmog was described as "a son of Morgoth and the ogress Fluithuin",[8] but the idea of the children of Valar was abandoned in later writings.

In one of Tolkien's early Middle-earth writings, Lay of the Children of Húrin, "Lungorthin, Lord of Balrogs" is mentioned.[9] It is not, however, certain if it was another name for Gothmog, or it simply meant "a Balrog lord". According to Christopher Tolkien, the latter is more probable, as the name Gothmog was mentioned in the earliest Middle-earth writings, as well as the final version of Tolkien's mythology.[10]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "The Battle of Unnumbered Tears", p. 59
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin" , p. 176
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin" , p. 179
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin" , pp. 183-184
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin": "Notes and Commentary" , p. 216
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "I. The Lay of the Children of Húrin, Second Version of the Lay: I. (Húrin and Morgoth)"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "I. The Lay of the Children of Húrin, Second Version of the Lay: I. (Húrin and Morgoth)", Commentary on Part I of the second version


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