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Gothmog (balrog)

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[[Image:Ted Nasmith - Fingon and Gothmog.jpg |thumb|''Fingon and Gothmog'' by [[Ted Nasmith]].]]
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{{disambig-two|the Balrog of the First Age|the Lieutenant of Morgul|[[Gothmog (Lieutenant of Morgul)]]}}
''(See also [[Gothmog, Lieutenant of Morgul]])''
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{{evil infobox
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| image=[[Image:Ted Nasmith - Fingon and Gothmog.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Gothmog
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| othernames=Lord of [[Balrogs]] <br> [[High-captain of Angband]]
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| created=Before the [[Music of the Ainur]]
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| years=
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| age=
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| destroyed={{FA|510}}, [[Fall of Gondolin]]
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| realm=[[Angband]]
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| gender=Male
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| race=[[Balrogs]] ([[Maiar]])
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| appearance=Possibly twice man-height, bearing black axe and whip
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| accomplishments=Slew two [[High King of the Noldor|High Kings of the Noldor]], victorious in the [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]]
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}}
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{{pronounce|Quenya - Osombauko.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
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{{pronounce|Sindarin - Gothmog.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
  
Gothmog is (a demon of might)a Maia spirit of the race of balrogs, no doubt the most powerful to walk Middle-earth being that he was Lord of all Balrogs in the first age answerable only to Morgoth The Dark Enemy, his master.  
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'''Gothmog''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈɡoθmoɡ]}}) was the Lord of [[Balrogs]] and the [[High-captain of Angband]], one of the chief servants of the Dark Lord [[Morgoth]] with a rank equal to that of [[Sauron]]. While he was not as powerful as the Dark Lords, he surpassed them in brute strength and possibly strategy.
  
Gothmog was a spirit of might standing around 12feet high and weilding a mighty black axe and whip of flame. Truely Morgoth's greatest servant he held the titles of Lord of balrogs, high captain of Angbad and Marshall of the hosts. Morgoth was truely a great warrior commanding many of Morgoth's armies in many battles for example the crushing of the Noldor elves at the battlefields of Beleriand he also commanded at other battles, including Dragor-Nuin-Gilliath where he ambushes Fëanor and mortally wounds him.  
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Gothmog's [[Quenya]] name was '''Oþombauko''' ({{IPA|[ˌoθomˈbaʊko]}}) or later [[Noldorin]] '''Osombauko''' ({{IPA|[ˌosomˈbaʊko]}}).
  
Gothmog commands again at the battle of Nirnaeth Arnoediad, with a host of Orcs, Balrogs and Dragons at his side he slays Fingon, high king of the Noldor and he captures Húrin of Dol-lómin who had just slain his personal bodyguard of Battle Trolls and takes him to Angbad to his master.  
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==History==
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Gothmog was apparently one of the [[Maiar]] that followed [[Morgoth|Melkor]] to exile, and because of either his brilliant mind or because of his ability to assume an immensely powerful physical form, he was made the Lord of Balrogs.
  
He then commands (as his Title of Marshal of the hosts suggests) at the storming of Gondolin and near kills Tuor when an elf lord Ecthelion of the Fountain intervines, and Gothmog finally meets his doom as he slays Ecthelion in single combat but he himself is slain by the Elven Lord finally the Champion of Morgoth meets his demise.  
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At the [[Dagor-nuin-Giliath]] he mortally wounded [[Fëanor]], but called a retreat upon the approach of the [[Sons of Fëanor]] with a sizable force.<ref>{{S|Flight}}</ref>  He next appeared at the [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]], where he was also named high-captain of [[Angband]], again inferring his power and status as essentially Morgoth's right-hand Balrog ([[Sauron]], another spirit, played a more domestic than front-line role for his master).  There at the Nirnaeth he slew [[Fingon]], thus allowing him to boast of having slain two of the five [[High Kings of the Noldor]].<ref>{{S|Fifth}}</ref>  He also captured [[Húrin|Húrin Thalion]] in this battle, despite Húrin slaughter of many of Gothmog's troll-guard.<ref>{{CH|2}}, p. 59</ref>
  
                                  By Jordan Yates
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He was again deployed as Morgoth's front-line commander in the [[Fall of Gondolin]], where he was slain by [[Ecthelion of the Fountain|Ecthelion]].<ref>{{S|Gondolin}}</ref>  According to the (albeit uncanonical) text, Gothmog piled his iron siege equipment against the [[North Gate of Gondolin]] until it broke from sheer pressure.<ref>{{LT2|III}}, p. 176</ref>  The same text states that he also took a front-line position against [[Rog]], turning the tide in that part of the battle.<ref>{{LT2|III}}, p. 179</ref>  More confirmed canonically, he beat down [[Tuor]] in single combat, but the elf-lord [[Ecthelion|Ecthelion of the Fountain]], who was badly wounded, rose and stood over him.  Ecthelion stood no chance against the Lord of Balrogs, and lost his sword in the brief struggle.  But then Ecthelion leaped forward, and stabbed Gothmog in the breast with the spike atop his helm.  They both fell into the [[Fountain of the King]], where Gothmog, if not already killed by the spike, drowned with his opponent.<ref>{{LT2|III}}, pp. 183-184</ref>
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{{Pronounce|Gothmog.mp3|Ardamir}}
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==Other versions of the legendarium==
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In the character list appended to ''[[The Fall of Gondolin]]'' Gothmog was described as "a son of Morgoth and the ogress [[Fluithuin]]",<ref>{{LT2|IIIn}}, p. 216</ref> but the idea of the children of [[Valar]] was abandoned in later writings.
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In one of Tolkien's early Middle-earth writings, ''[[Lay of the Children of Húrin]]'', "Lungorthin, Lord of Balrogs" is mentioned.<ref>{{LB|1e}}</ref> It is not, however, certain if it was another name for Gothmog, or it simply meant "a Balrog lord". According to [[Christopher Tolkien]], the latter is more probable, as the name Gothmog was mentioned in the earliest Middle-earth writings, as well as the final version of Tolkien's mythology.<ref>{{LB|1e}}, Commentary on Part I of the second version</ref>
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==See also==
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*[[Kalimbo]]
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{{references}}
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{{Ainur}}
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{{title}}
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[[Category:Balrogs]]
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
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[[Category:Evil]]
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[[de:Gothmog (Balrog)]]
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[[fi:Gothmog (balrog)]]

Revision as of 14:36, 24 March 2013

This article is about the Balrog of the First Age. For the the Lieutenant of Morgul, see Gothmog (Lieutenant of Morgul).
Ted Nasmith - Fingon and Gothmog.jpg
Gothmog
Biographical Information
Other namesLord of Balrogs
High-captain of Angband
Created/bornBefore the Music of the Ainur
DestroyedF.A. 510, Fall of Gondolin
RealmAngband
Physical Description
RaceBalrogs (Maiar)
GenderMale
AppearancePossibly twice man-height, bearing black axe and whip
AccomplishmentsSlew two High Kings of the Noldor, victorious in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad

Gothmog (S, pron. [ˈɡoθmoɡ]) was the Lord of Balrogs and the High-captain of Angband, one of the chief servants of the Dark Lord Morgoth with a rank equal to that of Sauron. While he was not as powerful as the Dark Lords, he surpassed them in brute strength and possibly strategy.

Gothmog's Quenya name was Oþombauko ([ˌoθomˈbaʊko]) or later Noldorin Osombauko ([ˌosomˈbaʊko]).

Contents

History

Gothmog was apparently one of the Maiar that followed Melkor to exile, and because of either his brilliant mind or because of his ability to assume an immensely powerful physical form, he was made the Lord of Balrogs.

At the Dagor-nuin-Giliath he mortally wounded Fëanor, but called a retreat upon the approach of the Sons of Fëanor with a sizable force.[1] He next appeared at the Nirnaeth Arnoediad, where he was also named high-captain of Angband, again inferring his power and status as essentially Morgoth's right-hand Balrog (Sauron, another spirit, played a more domestic than front-line role for his master). There at the Nirnaeth he slew Fingon, thus allowing him to boast of having slain two of the five High Kings of the Noldor.[2] He also captured Húrin Thalion in this battle, despite Húrin slaughter of many of Gothmog's troll-guard.[3]

He was again deployed as Morgoth's front-line commander in the Fall of Gondolin, where he was slain by Ecthelion.[4] According to the (albeit uncanonical) text, Gothmog piled his iron siege equipment against the North Gate of Gondolin until it broke from sheer pressure.[5] The same text states that he also took a front-line position against Rog, turning the tide in that part of the battle.[6] More confirmed canonically, he beat down Tuor in single combat, but the elf-lord Ecthelion of the Fountain, who was badly wounded, rose and stood over him. Ecthelion stood no chance against the Lord of Balrogs, and lost his sword in the brief struggle. But then Ecthelion leaped forward, and stabbed Gothmog in the breast with the spike atop his helm. They both fell into the Fountain of the King, where Gothmog, if not already killed by the spike, drowned with his opponent.[7]

Other versions of the legendarium

In the character list appended to The Fall of Gondolin Gothmog was described as "a son of Morgoth and the ogress Fluithuin",[8] but the idea of the children of Valar was abandoned in later writings.

In one of Tolkien's early Middle-earth writings, Lay of the Children of Húrin, "Lungorthin, Lord of Balrogs" is mentioned.[9] It is not, however, certain if it was another name for Gothmog, or it simply meant "a Balrog lord". According to Christopher Tolkien, the latter is more probable, as the name Gothmog was mentioned in the earliest Middle-earth writings, as well as the final version of Tolkien's mythology.[10]

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "The Battle of Unnumbered Tears", p. 59
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin" , p. 176
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin" , p. 179
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin" , pp. 183-184
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin": "Notes and Commentary" , p. 216
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "I. The Lay of the Children of Húrin, Second Version of the Lay: I. (Húrin and Morgoth)"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "I. The Lay of the Children of Húrin, Second Version of the Lay: I. (Húrin and Morgoth)", Commentary on Part I of the second version


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