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Grey Mountains

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{{disambig-two|a mountain chain|[[Middle-earth Role Playing|MERP]] supplement|[[The Grey Mountains]]}}
 
{{location
 
{{location
| image=
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| image=[[Image:Matěj Čadil - Ered Mithrin.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Grey Mountains
 
| name=Grey Mountains
| othernames=[[S.]] ''[[Ered Mithrin]]''
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| othernames=[[Sindarin|S.]] ''[[Ered Mithrin]]''
 
| etymology=
 
| etymology=
 
| type=Mountain range
 
| type=Mountain range
| location=Northwest of [[Erebor]], north of [[Mirkwood]]
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| location=Northwest of [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]], north of [[Mirkwood]]
 
| inhabitants=[[Durin's Folk]], [[Dragons]], and [[Orcs]]
 
| inhabitants=[[Durin's Folk]], [[Dragons]], and [[Orcs]]
| realms=Capital of [[Durin's folk]] at one time, Orc tribes, Dragon hoards.
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| realms=Capital of [[Durin's folk]] for a time, Orc tribes, Dragon hoards.
 
| description=A rich mountain range of many ores, it has since ancient times been considered by Durin's folk as part of their territory
 
| description=A rich mountain range of many ores, it has since ancient times been considered by Durin's folk as part of their territory
 
| events= [[War of the Dwarves and Dragons]], slaying of [[Scatha]] the Worm
 
| events= [[War of the Dwarves and Dragons]], slaying of [[Scatha]] the Worm
| references=''[[Appendix A]],  [[The Hobbit]], [[Peoples of Middle-earth]]
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| references=''[[Appendix A]],  [[The Hobbit]], [[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]''
 
|}}
 
|}}
 
 
The '''Grey Mountains''' (or '''Ered Mithrin''' in [[Sindarin]]) was a large mountain range to the north of [[Rhovanion (region)|Rhovanion]]. They were the last remnants of the wall of the [[Iron Mountains]], which once stretched all over the north of [[Middle-earth]], but were broken at the end of the [[First Age]].
 
The '''Grey Mountains''' (or '''Ered Mithrin''' in [[Sindarin]]) was a large mountain range to the north of [[Rhovanion (region)|Rhovanion]]. They were the last remnants of the wall of the [[Iron Mountains]], which once stretched all over the north of [[Middle-earth]], but were broken at the end of the [[First Age]].
  
 
==Description, and Geography==
 
==Description, and Geography==
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North of the Grey Mountains lay the [[Northern Waste]].<ref name="UTmap">{{UT|Map}}</ref> This land was known as [[Dor Daedelos]] during the First Age, but most of it was destroyed in the breaking of [[Arda]].
  
North of the Grey Mountains lay the [[Northern Waste]]. This land was known as [[Dor Daedelos]] during the First Age, but most of it was destroyed in the breaking of [[Arda]].
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In the west, where the Grey Mountains met with the [[Misty Mountains]] rose [[Mount Gundabad]], an ancient [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] holy site and later the capital for the [[Orcs]] of the north.  The eastern end of the Grey Mountains was split into two chains, and in between lay the [[Withered Heath]], where [[Dragons]] bred. After that was a wide hilly plain, until the [[Iron Hills]] continued the old line of the Iron Mountains again. [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]], the Lonely Mountain, was not part of either range.<ref name="UTmap"/>
  
Where the Grey Mountains met with the [[Misty Mountains]] lay [[Mount Gundabad]], an ancient [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] holy site and later the capital for the [[Orcs]] of the north. During the [[Third Age]], the branch of the Grey Mountains west of the Misty Mountains were also known as the '''[[Mountains of Angmar]]''', as they were within the [[Angmar|Kingdom of Angmar]].
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From east to west the mountains stretched some 350 Númenórean Miles, and the sources of the Great River [[Anduin]], the river [[Greylin]], and the [[Forest River]] of [[Mirkwood]] arose in this range.<ref name="UTmap"/>
  
The eastern end of the Grey Mountains was split in two branches, and in between lay the [[Withered Heath]], where [[Dragons]] still bred. After that was a long gap, until the [[Iron Hills]] continued the old line of the Iron Mountains again. [[Erebor]], the Lonely Mountain, was not part of either range.
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==History==
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===Years of the Trees through the Second Age===
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Since sometime after the awakening of [[Durin|Durin the Deathless]], the Longbeards had mined and colonized the Grey Mountains as part of their vast mountain territory.  Through the First Age there was peace in the region, and the Dwarves explored and mined without hinderance.  During the Second Age however after the [[War of Wrath]], and the subsequent sinking of [[Beleriand]], hordes of Orcs began to invade and make war against the Longbeards  in the Grey and Misty Mountains as well as Mount Gundabad.<ref>{{PM|Dwarves}}, pp. 302-303</ref>  However the Orcs were eventually subdued for a time, and the Dwarves went back to work.
  
From east to west the mountains stretched some 350 Númenórean Miles, and the sources of the Great River [[Anduin]], the river [[Greylin]], and the [[Forest River]] of [[Mirkwood]] arose in this range.
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===The Third Age===
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In {{TA|1980}} a [[Balrog]] appeared in [[Khazad-dum]] and by the next year the Dwarves fled.<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>  Durin's folk were scattered.  [[Thráin I]] reestablished the [[Kingdom Under the Mountain]] but [[Thorin I]] went to the Grey Mountains where most of the Dwarves gathered.<ref name="Durin">{{App|Durin}}</ref>  Nearly six hundred years later [[Dragons]] began afflicting the Dwarves.  In {{TA|2589|n}} [[Dáin I]] was slain by a Dragon and the Grey Mountain strongholds were abandoned after the [[Wars of the Dwarves and Dragons]].  About {{TA|2480|n}} [[Orcs]] had begun to infest the [[Misty Mountains]]<ref name="TA"/> and spread to the Grey Mountains, such that by {{TA|2941|n}} [[Gandalf]] the Wizard could say that the range was "simply stiff with goblins, hobgoblins, and orcs of the worst description".<ref>{{H|Queer}}</ref>  However, after the [[Battle of Five Armies]] the number of Goblins in the Grey Mountains were greatly reduced (some three parts of them had perished).<ref>{{H|Return}}</ref>
  
==History==
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It seems that some Dwarves still dwelt in the Ered Mithrin during the late [[Third Age]], so it is likely after the [[War of the Ring]], the Dwarves drove whatever Drakes and Orcs were left totally from the mountains, and reclaimed the rest of their halls and mines in the Grey Mountains.
After fleeing Khazad-dum Durin's folk scattered, and later gathered again in the '''Grey Mountains''', but after six hundred years all the Dwarven strongholds had been abandoned or raided during the [[Wars of the Dwarves and Dragons]]. Its sole purpose now seemed to be to divide Forodwaith from [[Wilderland]].  Although it seems that the Orcs started moving into the mountains after the Dwarves fled, and were a large threat until after the [[Battle of Five Armies]].
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It seems that some Dwarves still dwelt in the Ered Mithrin during the late Third Age. So it is likely after the War of the Ring, the Dwarves drove whatever Drakes and Orcs were left totally from the mountains, and reclaimed the rest of their halls and mines in the Grey Mountains.
 
 
== Other Versions of the Legendarium ==
 
== Other Versions of the Legendarium ==
Another line of "[[Grey Mountains (ancient)|Grey Mountains]]" in Middle-earth are seen on the [[Ambarkanta]] map.
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Another line of "[[Grey Mountains (ancient)|Grey Mountains]]" in Middle-earth are seen on the [[Ambarkanta]] map.<ref>{{SM|Ambar}}</ref>
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Rhovanion]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion]]
[[Category:Dwarven Realms]]
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[[Category:Mountain ranges]]
[[Category:Evil Realms]]
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[[Category:Dwarven realms]]
[[Category:Mountain Ranges]]
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[[Category:Evil realms]]
  
 
[[de:Ered Mithrin]]
 
[[de:Ered Mithrin]]

Revision as of 19:43, 26 June 2012

This article is about a mountain chain. For the MERP supplement, see The Grey Mountains.
Matěj Čadil - Ered Mithrin.jpg
Grey Mountains
Physical Description
TypeMountain range
LocationNorthwest of Erebor, north of Mirkwood
RealmsCapital of Durin's folk for a time, Orc tribes, Dragon hoards.
InhabitantsDurin's Folk, Dragons, and Orcs
DescriptionA rich mountain range of many ores, it has since ancient times been considered by Durin's folk as part of their territory
General Information
Other namesS. Ered Mithrin
EventsWar of the Dwarves and Dragons, slaying of Scatha the Worm
ReferencesAppendix A, The Hobbit, The Peoples of Middle-earth

The Grey Mountains (or Ered Mithrin in Sindarin) was a large mountain range to the north of Rhovanion. They were the last remnants of the wall of the Iron Mountains, which once stretched all over the north of Middle-earth, but were broken at the end of the First Age.

Contents

Description, and Geography

North of the Grey Mountains lay the Northern Waste.[1] This land was known as Dor Daedelos during the First Age, but most of it was destroyed in the breaking of Arda.

In the west, where the Grey Mountains met with the Misty Mountains rose Mount Gundabad, an ancient Dwarven holy site and later the capital for the Orcs of the north. The eastern end of the Grey Mountains was split into two chains, and in between lay the Withered Heath, where Dragons bred. After that was a wide hilly plain, until the Iron Hills continued the old line of the Iron Mountains again. Erebor, the Lonely Mountain, was not part of either range.[1]

From east to west the mountains stretched some 350 Númenórean Miles, and the sources of the Great River Anduin, the river Greylin, and the Forest River of Mirkwood arose in this range.[1]

History

Years of the Trees through the Second Age

Since sometime after the awakening of Durin the Deathless, the Longbeards had mined and colonized the Grey Mountains as part of their vast mountain territory. Through the First Age there was peace in the region, and the Dwarves explored and mined without hinderance. During the Second Age however after the War of Wrath, and the subsequent sinking of Beleriand, hordes of Orcs began to invade and make war against the Longbeards in the Grey and Misty Mountains as well as Mount Gundabad.[2] However the Orcs were eventually subdued for a time, and the Dwarves went back to work.

The Third Age

In T.A. 1980 a Balrog appeared in Khazad-dum and by the next year the Dwarves fled.[3] Durin's folk were scattered. Thráin I reestablished the Kingdom Under the Mountain but Thorin I went to the Grey Mountains where most of the Dwarves gathered.[4] Nearly six hundred years later Dragons began afflicting the Dwarves. In 2589 Dáin I was slain by a Dragon and the Grey Mountain strongholds were abandoned after the Wars of the Dwarves and Dragons. About 2480 Orcs had begun to infest the Misty Mountains[3] and spread to the Grey Mountains, such that by 2941 Gandalf the Wizard could say that the range was "simply stiff with goblins, hobgoblins, and orcs of the worst description".[5] However, after the Battle of Five Armies the number of Goblins in the Grey Mountains were greatly reduced (some three parts of them had perished).[6]

It seems that some Dwarves still dwelt in the Ered Mithrin during the late Third Age, so it is likely after the War of the Ring, the Dwarves drove whatever Drakes and Orcs were left totally from the mountains, and reclaimed the rest of their halls and mines in the Grey Mountains.

Other Versions of the Legendarium

Another line of "Grey Mountains" in Middle-earth are seen on the Ambarkanta map.[7]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", pp. 302-303
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Queer Lodgings"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Return Journey"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "V. The Ambarkanta"