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Gundabad

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A mountain in the north of [[Middle-earth]], lying at the meeting point of the [[Misty Mountains|Misty]] and the [[Grey Mountains]]. It was here that the [[Orcs]] of the northern world had their capital.
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{{disambig-two|a mountain in [[Rhovanion]]|[[Middle-earth Role Playing|MERP]] supplement|[[Mount Gundabad (book)]]}}
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{{location
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| image=[[File:Larry Elmore - Mount Gundabad.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Mount Gundabad
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| type=Mountain
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| location=Near the northern [[Misty Mountains]] and west of the [[Grey Mountains]]
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| inhabitants=[[Dwarves]]<br/>[[Orcs]]
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| realms=[[Angmar]]<br/>Orc of the Mountains
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| description=A large mountain, where Durin the Deathless awoke, later capital of the Orcs of the region
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| climate=Cold
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| othernames=
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| etymology=''Gund'', meaning "excavated tunnel"
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| events=Awakening of Durin<br/>[[First Sacking of Gundabad]]<br/>[[Second Sacking of Gundabad]]
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}}
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'''Mount Gundabad''' was a mountain adjacent to the northern reaches of the [[Misty Mountains]]. It was revered by the [[Dwarves]] but usually occupied by [[Orcs]].
  
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==Description==
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From the northern part of the [[Vales of Anduin]], Mount Gundabad appeared to be the northern endpoint of the [[Misty Mountains]] and the western endpoint of the [[Grey Mountains]], although slightly separated from both ranges.<ref>{{H|Wilderland}}</ref> In actuality, the Misty Mountains continued past Mount Gundabad in a northwesterly direction (this extension was known as the [[Mountains of Angmar]]).  In all maps the mountain was shown as having three conjoined peaks. Bordering [[Forodwaith (lands)|Forodwaith]] to the north, the mountain undoubtedly had a cold climate.<ref>{{UT|Map}}</ref>
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==History==
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According to the [[Dwarves]], [[Durin|Durin the Deathless]], eldest of the [[Fathers of the Dwarves]], awoke at Mount Gundabad shortly after the [[Awakening of the Elves]].  From that time forward the mountain was revered by the Dwarves.<ref name="Relations">{{PM|Relations}},p. 301</ref>  However, since Durin awoke alone he did not stay at the mountain; he walked southward until he discovered [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]].<ref>{{FR|II4}}</ref>  In the early ages Mount Gundabad did serve as a place of assembly for delegations of Dwarves, yet there is no mention of any making permanent residence there.<ref name="Relations"/>
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In {{SA|1695}} [[Sauron]] invaded [[Eriador]].  In {{SA|1697|n}} he conquered [[Eregion]]<ref>{{App|SA}}</ref> and would have overwhelmed [[Elrond]], leading refugees northward, but he was attacked in the rear by forces sent from Khazad-dûm.  Sauron drove the Dwarves back but could not breach the [[Doors of Durin]]. Frustrated, he commanded the Orcs to harry the Dwarves wherever they could be found.<ref>{{UT|Concerning}}</ref>  Soon thereafter came the [[First Sacking of Gundabad]], followed by a long occupation by Orcs.<ref name="Relations"/>
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Around the year {{TA|1300}} the realm of [[Angmar]] arose.<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref> Its lands lay on both sides of the Misty Mountains<ref>{{App|Eriador}}</ref> so Mount Gundabad was part of its domains.  Although Angmar was destroyed in {{TA|1975|n}}<ref name="TA"/> and the last remnants of its people east of the mountains were driven away<ref>{{App|Eorl}}</ref> in {{TA|1977|n}},<ref name="TA"/> Gundabad itself remained populated with Orcs.
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After the death of King [[Thrór]] in {{TA|2790|n}} the Dwarves gathered for vengeance.  The [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]] began in {{TA|2793|n}}<ref name="TA"/> and the [[Second Sacking of Gundabad]] occurred.<ref>{{App|Durin}}</ref> Although it is likely that the Dwarves cleared the mountain of all Orcs, afterwards the Orcs returned and Mount Gundabad again served as their capital in the North.<ref name="Burst">{{H|Burst}}</ref>
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In {{TA|2941|n}}<ref name="TA"/> [[Thorin]] [[Oakenshield]], [[Gandalf]], several Dwarves, and [[Bilbo Baggins]] entered the Misty Mountains.  While in the mountains the [[Great Goblin]] was killed and the party escaped.  Furious, the Orcs gathered at Mount Gundabad under the command of [[Bolg]] to seek revenge.  Hearing of the death of [[Smaug]] they marched on the [[Lonely Mountain]].<ref name="Burst"/>  However, the Orcs lost the [[Battle of Five Armies]] and three parts of their numbers.<ref>{{H|Return}}</ref>  Orcs still lived at Mount Gundabad by the end of the [[Third Age]] but in a very reduced state.
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==Etymology==
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''Gundabad'' is said to be a "in origin a [[Khuzdul]] name". Its meaning, however, is unknown.<ref>{{HM|PM}}, p. 301</ref>
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A recogniseable element is Khuzdul ''[[gundu]]'', meaning "underground hall", but it is not known if this word is indeed part of the name ''Gundabad''.<ref>{{webcite|author=[[Helge Fauskanger]]|articleurl=http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/khuzdul.htm|articlename=Khuzdul|website=Arda|accessed=}}</ref>
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Khuzdul words]]
 
[[Category:Mountains]]
 
[[Category:Mountains]]
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[[Category:Dwarven realms]]
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[[Category:Evil realms]]
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[[de:Gundabad]]
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[[fi:Gundabadin Vuori]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/monts_brumeux/mont_gundabad]]

Latest revision as of 19:21, 17 October 2013

This article is about a mountain in Rhovanion. For the MERP supplement, see Mount Gundabad (book).
Larry Elmore - Mount Gundabad.jpg
Mount Gundabad
Physical Description
TypeMountain
LocationNear the northern Misty Mountains and west of the Grey Mountains
RealmsAngmar
Orc of the Mountains
InhabitantsDwarves
Orcs
DescriptionA large mountain, where Durin the Deathless awoke, later capital of the Orcs of the region
ClimateCold
General Information
EtymologyGund, meaning "excavated tunnel"
EventsAwakening of Durin
First Sacking of Gundabad
Second Sacking of Gundabad

Mount Gundabad was a mountain adjacent to the northern reaches of the Misty Mountains. It was revered by the Dwarves but usually occupied by Orcs.

Contents

[edit] Description

From the northern part of the Vales of Anduin, Mount Gundabad appeared to be the northern endpoint of the Misty Mountains and the western endpoint of the Grey Mountains, although slightly separated from both ranges.[1] In actuality, the Misty Mountains continued past Mount Gundabad in a northwesterly direction (this extension was known as the Mountains of Angmar). In all maps the mountain was shown as having three conjoined peaks. Bordering Forodwaith to the north, the mountain undoubtedly had a cold climate.[2]

[edit] History

According to the Dwarves, Durin the Deathless, eldest of the Fathers of the Dwarves, awoke at Mount Gundabad shortly after the Awakening of the Elves. From that time forward the mountain was revered by the Dwarves.[3] However, since Durin awoke alone he did not stay at the mountain; he walked southward until he discovered Khazad-dûm.[4] In the early ages Mount Gundabad did serve as a place of assembly for delegations of Dwarves, yet there is no mention of any making permanent residence there.[3]

In S.A. 1695 Sauron invaded Eriador. In 1697 he conquered Eregion[5] and would have overwhelmed Elrond, leading refugees northward, but he was attacked in the rear by forces sent from Khazad-dûm. Sauron drove the Dwarves back but could not breach the Doors of Durin. Frustrated, he commanded the Orcs to harry the Dwarves wherever they could be found.[6] Soon thereafter came the First Sacking of Gundabad, followed by a long occupation by Orcs.[3]

Around the year T.A. 1300 the realm of Angmar arose.[7] Its lands lay on both sides of the Misty Mountains[8] so Mount Gundabad was part of its domains. Although Angmar was destroyed in 1975[7] and the last remnants of its people east of the mountains were driven away[9] in 1977,[7] Gundabad itself remained populated with Orcs.

After the death of King Thrór in 2790 the Dwarves gathered for vengeance. The War of the Dwarves and Orcs began in 2793[7] and the Second Sacking of Gundabad occurred.[10] Although it is likely that the Dwarves cleared the mountain of all Orcs, afterwards the Orcs returned and Mount Gundabad again served as their capital in the North.[11]

In 2941[7] Thorin Oakenshield, Gandalf, several Dwarves, and Bilbo Baggins entered the Misty Mountains. While in the mountains the Great Goblin was killed and the party escaped. Furious, the Orcs gathered at Mount Gundabad under the command of Bolg to seek revenge. Hearing of the death of Smaug they marched on the Lonely Mountain.[11] However, the Orcs lost the Battle of Five Armies and three parts of their numbers.[12] Orcs still lived at Mount Gundabad by the end of the Third Age but in a very reduced state.

[edit] Etymology

Gundabad is said to be a "in origin a Khuzdul name". Its meaning, however, is unknown.[13]

A recogniseable element is Khuzdul gundu, meaning "underground hall", but it is not known if this word is indeed part of the name Gundabad.[14]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Map of Wilderland"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "Relations of the Longbeard Dwarves and Men",p. 301
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Journey in the Dark"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  11. 11.0 11.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Clouds Burst"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Return Journey"
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, p. 301
  14. Helge Fauskanger, "Khuzdul" , Ardalambion (accessed 29 December 2014)