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{{sources}}{{cleanup}}
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{{eagle infobox
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[[Image:Roger Thomasson - Gwaihir.jpg|thumb|''Gwaihir'' by [[Roger Thomasson]].]]
| name=Gwaihir
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{{Pronounce|Gwaihir.mp3|Ardamir}}
| image=[[Image:Roger Thomasson - Gwaihir.jpg|250px]]
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'''Gwaihir''' was the greatest and the swiftest of the of the [[Eagles]] of [[Middle-earth]] at the time of the [[War of the Ring]].  
| caption="Gwaihir" by [[:Category:Images by Roger Thomasson|Roger Thomasson]]
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| othernames=The Windlord; ''Gwaehir''
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| affiliation=[[Manwë]]
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| language=[[Westron]]
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| notablefor=helping rescue [[Beren]] and [[Lúthien]]; aiding [[Gandalf]] twice
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| house=
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| parentage=Unknown; descendant of [[Thorondor]]
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| siblings=[[Landroval]]
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| spouse=
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| children=
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| gender=Male
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}}
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'''Gwaihir''' was the greatest and the swiftest of the [[Eagles]] of [[Middle-earth]] at the time of the [[War of the Ring]].  
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==History==
 
==History==
A descendant of [[Thorondor]], it is said that Gwaihir was his vassal in the [[First Age]] and, with his brother [[Landroval]], helped rescue [[Beren]] and [[Lúthien]] from [[Angband]].<ref name=P1>{{WJ|P1}} p. 68</ref> In the [[Third Age]] he was the greatest and the swiftest of the Eagles of the North.
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A descendant of [[Thorondor]], it is said that Gwaihir was his vassal in the [[First Age]] and helped him rescue [[Beren]] and [[Lúthien]] from [[Angband]].
  
During the [[War of the Ring]], [[Radagast]] sought help of his old friends. The Eagles set off and gathered news: [[wolves]] and [[Orcs]] gathering and mustering, the movements of the [[Nazgûl|Nine Riders]], and the escape of [[Gollum]] from [[Mirkwood]].
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In the [[Third Age]] he was the greatest and the swiftest of the Eagles of the North.
[[File:Stephen Hickman - Escape from Orthanc.jpg|thumb|left|Stephen Hickman - ''Escape from Orthanc'']]
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As instructed by Gandalf, Radagast sent Gwaihir to bear the news to him at [[Isengard]], but Gandalf was at that time imprisoned at the pinnacle of [[Orthanc]]. On an autumn night, Gandalf saw the Eagle flying towards him and so Gwaihir rescued the Wizard. But Gwaihir couldn't carry him far, so Gwaihir left him at [[Edoras]] in order to find a steed.<ref>{{FR|Council}}</ref>
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Later he was sent by [[Galadriel]] to find Gandalf; he found him on the peak of [[Celebdil]] after the [[Battle of the Peak]], and carried him to [[Lothlórien]].<ref>{{TT|White}}</ref>
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When the Eagles heard about [[Gollum]]'s escape from [[Mirkwood]], Gwaihir was sent to bear the news to [[Isengard]], as they had been told by [[Radagast]].
  
Gwaihir, [[Meneldor]] and [[Landroval]] helped the [[Free peoples]] in the [[Battle of the Morannon]]; in the aftermath, they brought [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] and [[Samwise Gamgee|Sam]] out of [[Mordor]] after [[the One Ring]] was destroyed.<ref>{{RK|Doom}}</ref>
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[[File:Stephen Hickman - Escape from Orthanc.jpg|thumb|Stephen Hickman: Escape from Orthanc]]
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During the [[War of the Ring]], he noticed [[Gandalf]] on the pinnacle of [[Orthanc]] while trapped by [[Saruman]] and carried him to [[Edoras]]<ref>{{FR|Council}}</ref>. Later he was sent by [[Galadriel]] to find Gandalf; he found him on the peak of [[Celebdil]] after the [[Battle of the Peak]], and carried him to [[Lothlórien]]<ref>{{TT|White}}</ref>
  
==Genealogy==
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Gwaihir, [[Meneldor]] and [[Landroval]] helped the [[Free peoples]] in the [[Battle of the Morannon]] during which they brought [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] and [[Samwise Gamgee|Sam]] out of [[Mordor]] after the destruction of [[the One Ring]]<ref>{{RK|Doom}}</ref>.
{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree| | |THO| | | |THO=[[Thorondor]]}}
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{{familytree| | | |:| | | |}}
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{{familytree| | |FAT| | |FAT=Father of Gwaihir}}
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{{familytree| |,|-|^|-|.| | | |}}
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{{familytree|GWA| |LAN| | |GWA='''GWAIHIR'''|LAN=[[Landroval]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
{{Pronounce|Gwaihir.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
 
'''''Gwaihir''''' comes from [[Sindarin]] ''[[gwaew]]'' ("wind")<ref>{{PE|17}}, pp. 33-4</ref> and possibly ''[[hîr]]'' "lord".  His name could thus likely be translated as "Windlord".
 
'''''Gwaihir''''' comes from [[Sindarin]] ''[[gwaew]]'' ("wind")<ref>{{PE|17}}, pp. 33-4</ref> and possibly ''[[hîr]]'' "lord".  His name could thus likely be translated as "Windlord".
  
==Other versions of the legendarium==
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==Other versions==
Eagles named "Gwaihir" and "Landroval" (or, in even earlier texts, "Gwaewar" and "Lhandroval") appeared in early ''[[The Silmarillion|Silmarillion]]'', as vassals of Thorondor who helped to bear [[Beren]] and [[Lúthien]] from [[Angband]]<ref name=P1/>. These references were removed by [[Christopher Tolkien]] to escape the seeming discrepancy with ''The Lord of the Rings'', although later he admitted that he was not sure about his father's intentions.<ref>{{LR|Quenta}} Chs. 12–15, p. 301–3</ref><ref>{{SD|V}}</ref>
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Eagles named "Gwaihir" and "Landroval" (or, in even earlier texts, "Gwaewar" and "Lhandroval") appeared in early ''[[The Silmarillion|Silmarillion]]'', as vassals of Thorondor who helped to bear [[Beren]] and [[Lúthien]] from [[Angband]]<ref>{{WJ|P1}} p. 68</ref>. These references were removed by [[Christopher Tolkien]] to escape the seeming discrepancy with ''The Lord of the Rings'', although later he admitted that he was not sure about his father's intentions.<ref>{{LR|Quenta}} Chs. 12–15, p. 301–3</ref><ref>{{SD|V}}</ref>
  
 
It is generally thought that Gwaihir is the [[Lord of the Eagles]] of ''[[The Hobbit]]'', although [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] never makes a connection nor mentions that Gwaihir was Lord of the Eagles. This notion is also seen in [[Robert Foster]]'s ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]''.
 
It is generally thought that Gwaihir is the [[Lord of the Eagles]] of ''[[The Hobbit]]'', although [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] never makes a connection nor mentions that Gwaihir was Lord of the Eagles. This notion is also seen in [[Robert Foster]]'s ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]''.
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In the whole ''Lord of the Rings'' Gwaihir carries Gandalf twice, and by the end of the book Gandalf says that Gwaihir had carried him twice<ref>{{RK|Cormallen}}</ref>; this implies that Gwaihir never carried him before the timeframe of the book.
 
In the whole ''Lord of the Rings'' Gwaihir carries Gandalf twice, and by the end of the book Gandalf says that Gwaihir had carried him twice<ref>{{RK|Cormallen}}</ref>; this implies that Gwaihir never carried him before the timeframe of the book.
  
==Portrayal in adaptations==
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==Portrayal in Adaptations==
 
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===Films===
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'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
 
'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
:Gandalf whispers "Gwaihir" repeatedly to a [[Moths|moth]] that arrives at [[Isengard]]. Later, Gwaihir rescues [[Gandalf]] from Isengard, and carries him to safety.
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:Gandalf whispers "Gwaihir" repeatedly to a moth that arrives at [[Isengard]]. Later, Gwaihir rescues [[Gandalf]] from Isengard, and carries him to safety.
  
 
'''2003: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King]]'':'''
 
'''2003: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King]]'':'''
 
:Gwaihir and his Eagles come to aid at the [[Battle of the Morannon]]. They attack the Nazgûl and their [[fell beasts]]. After the battle is won and the One Ring destroyed, Gwaihir along with [[Gandalf]] and a second Eagle rescue [[Frodo Baggins]] and [[Samwise Gamgee]] from the rocks of [[Mount Doom]].
 
:Gwaihir and his Eagles come to aid at the [[Battle of the Morannon]]. They attack the Nazgûl and their [[fell beasts]]. After the battle is won and the One Ring destroyed, Gwaihir along with [[Gandalf]] and a second Eagle rescue [[Frodo Baggins]] and [[Samwise Gamgee]] from the rocks of [[Mount Doom]].
  
===Radio series===
 
'''1981: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series)|BBC Radio's The Lord of the Ring]]'':'''
 
:[[Alexander John]] provided the voice of Gwaihir during Gandalf's rescue from Orthanc.
 
 
===Video games===
 
 
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
 
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
:Gwaihir is first mentioned by [[Gandalf]] when the player meets up with him at [[the Prancing Pony]].<ref>{{VGC|SAII}}, Foreword: "Aiding the Order"</ref> The player first sees Gwaihir when entering Galadriel's garden in [[Lothlórien]] for the first time.<ref>{{VGC|MMVI}}, Chapter 9: "The Mirror of Galadriel"</ref> Later, he arrives on the peak of Iorbar in the [[Misty Mountains]] to reclaim a stolen eagle egg taken by a giant. Finally, he arrives at and participates in the [[Battle of the Morannon]] with the other eagles, and saves [[Frodo]] and [[Sam]] from the slopes of [[Mount Doom]].
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:Gwaihir is first mentioned by [[Gandalf]] when the player meets up with him at the  [[Prancing Pony]].<ref>{{VGC|SAII}}, Foreword: "Aiding the Order"</ref> The player first sees Gwaihir when entering Galadriel's garden in [[Lothlórien]] for the first time.<ref>{{VGC|MMVI}}, Chapter 9: "The Mirror of Galadriel"</ref>
 
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:Gwaihir is also the name of a German server. It was originally hosted by [[Codemasters]], but was taken over by [[Turbine]] on [[1 June]] [[2011]].<ref>{{webcite|author=|articleurl=http://www.casualstrolltomordor.com/2011/04/turbines-lotro-service-goes-global/|articlename=Turbine's LOTRO Service Goes Global|dated=24 April 2011|website=A Casual Stroll to Mordor|accessed=2 January 2012}}</ref>
'''2011: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]]'':'''
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:Gwaihir is first mentioned in chapter 1, in which [[Beleram]] tells that he has been sent by Gwaihir to gather news. Later on in the game, he makes a full appearance.<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], Chapter 1: Fornost, ''Main Gate''</ref>
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==See also==
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==See Also==
 
* [[:Category:Images of Gwaihir|Images of Gwaihir]]
 
* [[:Category:Images of Gwaihir|Images of Gwaihir]]
  
{{References}}
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{{references}}
  
{{Eagles}}
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{{ainur}}
  
 
[[Category:Characters in The Lord of the Rings]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Lord of the Rings]]
 
[[Category:Eagles]]
 
[[Category:Eagles]]
[[Category:First Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Third Age characters]]
 
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 
 
[[de:Gwaihir]]
 
[[de:Gwaihir]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:animaux:aigles:gwaihir]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:animaux:aigles:gwaihir]]
 
[[fi:Gwaihir]]
 
[[fi:Gwaihir]]

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