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Half-elven

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'''Half-elven''' ([[Sindarin|Elvish]] singular '''Peredhel''', plural '''Peredhil'''), are the children of the union of [[Elves]] and [[Men]].  Half-elven are not a distinct race ''per se''.
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'''Half-elven''' ([[Sindarin]] singular '''Peredhel''', plural '''Peredhil'''), are the children of the union of [[Elves]] and [[Men]].  Half-elven are not a distinct race ''per se''.
  
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==History==
 
The half-elven were given a choice to be counted as one of the [[Eldar]] (Elves), thus being immortal, or one of the [[Edain]] (Men), thus being mortal. In the list below, those who were counted as Eldar are italicized; those who were counted as Edain are not. Their actual mathematical descent from elves is in a fraction in parentheses.
 
The half-elven were given a choice to be counted as one of the [[Eldar]] (Elves), thus being immortal, or one of the [[Edain]] (Men), thus being mortal. In the list below, those who were counted as Eldar are italicized; those who were counted as Edain are not. Their actual mathematical descent from elves is in a fraction in parentheses.
  
 
The important half-elven were:
 
The important half-elven were:
 
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* ''[[Dior]]'', son of Man [[Beren]] and Elf<ref>Lúthien was considered to be of the Eldar, not the half-elven; however, she was technically half-elven since only her father was an Elf. Her mother, [[Melian]], was one of the [[Maiar]], an angelic holy being. Though she did actually give up her mortality so her husband would be brought back to life, she was still considered one of the Eldar and never of the half-elven or Edain.</ref> [[Lúthien]], grandson of the [[Maia]] [[Melian]]. (1/4)
* ''[[Dior]]'', son of Man [[Beren]] and Elf<sup>1</sup> [[Lúthien]]. (1/4)
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* ''[[Eärendil]]'', son of the Man [[Tuor]] and Elf [[Idril]] (1/2)
* ''[[Eärendil]]'', son of the Man [[Tuor]] and Elf [[Idril]]. (1/2)
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* ''[[Elwing]]'', daughter of Dior and Elf [[Nimloth of Doriath|Nimloth]]. (5/8)
* ''[[Elwing]]'', daughter of Dior and Elf [[Nimloth]]. (5/8)
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* [[Eluréd]] and [[Elurín]]<ref>Eluréd and Elurín were captured by the servants of [[Celegorm]] and abandoned in the forest, thus dying before their decision as to their kindred could be made.</ref>, sons of Dior and Nimloth. (5/8)
* [[Eluréd and Elurín]]<sup>2</sup>, sons of Dior. (5/8)
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* ''[[Elrond]]'', son of Eärendil and Elwing. (9/16)
 
* ''[[Elrond]]'', son of Eärendil and Elwing. (9/16)
 
* [[Elros]], also son of Eärendil and Elwing. (9/16)
 
* [[Elros]], also son of Eärendil and Elwing. (9/16)
 
* [[Arwen]], daughter of Elrond and Elf [[Celebrían]]. (25/32)
 
* [[Arwen]], daughter of Elrond and Elf [[Celebrían]]. (25/32)
* [[Elladan and Elrohir]], sons of Elrond<sup>3</sup>. (25/32)
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* [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]], sons of Elrond<ref>It is uncertain whether Elladan and Elrohir chose to be of the Edain or the Eldar; this information is not given in the books. However, since their choice was expressed by whether they would follow their father to [[Valinor]] at the time of his own departure, and they were described as remaining in [[Rivendell]], they are often said to have chosen the Edain.</ref> and Celebrían. (25/32)
 
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*[[Galador]], son of [[Imrazôr]] and [[Mithrellas]]<ref>This is a less known legend, which explains why the [[Princes of Dol Amroth]] were of Elven descent, but this (and perhaps other unaccounted instances) are less famous and are not usually mentioned among the half-elven.</ref> (1/2)
<sup>1</sup>Lúthien was considered to be of the Eldar, not the half-elven; however, she was technically half-elven since only her father was an Elf. Her mother, [[Melian]], was one of the [[Maiar]], an angelic holy being. Though she did actually give up her mortality so her husband would be brought back to life, she was still considered one of the Eldar and never of the half-elven or Edain.<br><sup>2</sup>Eluréd and Elurín were captured by the servants of [[Celegorm]] and abandoned in the forest, thus dying before their decision as to their kindred could be made.<br><sup>3</sup>We are not sure of whether Elladan and Elrohir chose to be of the Edain or the Eldar; this information is not given in the books. However, since their choice was expressed by whether they would follow their father to [[Valinor]] at the time of his own departure, and they were described as remaining in [[Rivendell]], they are often said to have chosen the Edain.
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*[[Gilmith]], daughter of Imrazôr and Mithrellas. (1/2)
 
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Eärendil would rather have chosen the kindred of Men, but he chose the Elves for his wife Elwing's sake, who chose the Elves. Eärendil's fate was special however: he was not allowed to stay in [[Valinor]], but had to sail the heavens in his ship [[Vingilotë]], the [[Silmaril]] of [[Beren]] and [[Lúthien]] on the prow, as a sign of hope for [[Middle-earth]]. Elwing built a tower in the Shadowy Seas and often met him on his return.
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Eärendil would rather have chosen the kindred of Men, but he chose the Elves for his wife Elwing's sake, who chose the Elves. Eärendil's fate was special however: he was not allowed to stay in [[Valinor]], but had to sail the heavens in his ship [[Vingilótë]], the [[Silmaril]] of Beren and Lúthien on the prow, as a sign of hope for [[Middle-earth]]. Elwing built a tower in the Shadowy Seas and often met him on his return.
  
The heirs of Elrond, including [[Arwen]] Undómiel, also had the free choice of kindred, therefore Arwen could choose to be counted amongst the Edain even though her father had chosen to be counted as Elven. The heirs of Elros were not given this choice, but their lifespan was enhanced many times that of normal Men. In later times the [[Númenor|Númenórean]] Kings, descendants of Elros, regretted their forefather's choice, and this helped lead to the Downfall of Númenor.
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The heirs of Elrond, including Arwen Undómiel, also had the free choice of kindred, therefore Arwen could choose to be counted amongst the Edain even though her father had chosen to be counted as Elven. The heirs of Elros were not given this choice, but their lifespan was enhanced many times that of normal Men. In later times the [[Númenóreans|Númenórean]] Kings, descendants of Elros, regretted their forefather's choice, and this helped lead to the Downfall of Númenor.
  
[[Dior]] was the son of Beren and Lúthien, and he was therefore also counted as Half-elven, as were his children with the Elf [[Nimloth]] of [[Doriath]], Eluréd, Elurín, and [[Elwing]]. [[Eluréd and Elurín]] were killed, but Elwing was given her choice of kindred.
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Dior was the son of Beren and Lúthien, and he was therefore also counted as Half-elven, as were his children with the Elf Nimloth of [[Doriath]], Eluréd, Elurín, and Elwing. Eluréd and Elurín were killed, but Elwing was given her choice of kindred. Dior and his descendants also descend from the angelic beings the [[Maiar]], through Dior's grandmother, and Luthien's mother, Melian.
  
[[Arwen]], daughter of Elrond married [[Aragorn]] heir of Elros, and thus the two Half-elven lines were merged in the [[Fourth Age]]. Their son [[Eldarion]] and their daughters were not counted as Half-elven, but rather as [[Dúnedain]] restored.
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[[Arwen]], daughter of Elrond, married [[Aragorn]], heir of Elros, and thus the two Half-elven lines were merged in the [[Fourth Age]]. Their son [[Eldarion]] and their daughters were not counted as Half-elven, but rather as [[Dúnedain]] restored.
  
It was a tradition in [[Dol Amroth]] that Imrazôr the Númenórean had married an Elf, and therefore the Princes of Dol Amroth were of Elven descent, but they were not counted as Half-elven.
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[[Category:Half-elven]]
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Revision as of 20:51, 11 June 2012

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Half-elven (Sindarin singular Peredhel, plural Peredhil), are the children of the union of Elves and Men. Half-elven are not a distinct race per se.

History

The half-elven were given a choice to be counted as one of the Eldar (Elves), thus being immortal, or one of the Edain (Men), thus being mortal. In the list below, those who were counted as Eldar are italicized; those who were counted as Edain are not. Their actual mathematical descent from elves is in a fraction in parentheses.

The important half-elven were:

Eärendil would rather have chosen the kindred of Men, but he chose the Elves for his wife Elwing's sake, who chose the Elves. Eärendil's fate was special however: he was not allowed to stay in Valinor, but had to sail the heavens in his ship Vingilótë, the Silmaril of Beren and Lúthien on the prow, as a sign of hope for Middle-earth. Elwing built a tower in the Shadowy Seas and often met him on his return.

The heirs of Elrond, including Arwen Undómiel, also had the free choice of kindred, therefore Arwen could choose to be counted amongst the Edain even though her father had chosen to be counted as Elven. The heirs of Elros were not given this choice, but their lifespan was enhanced many times that of normal Men. In later times the Númenórean Kings, descendants of Elros, regretted their forefather's choice, and this helped lead to the Downfall of Númenor.

Dior was the son of Beren and Lúthien, and he was therefore also counted as Half-elven, as were his children with the Elf Nimloth of Doriath, Eluréd, Elurín, and Elwing. Eluréd and Elurín were killed, but Elwing was given her choice of kindred. Dior and his descendants also descend from the angelic beings the Maiar, through Dior's grandmother, and Luthien's mother, Melian.

Arwen, daughter of Elrond, married Aragorn, heir of Elros, and thus the two Half-elven lines were merged in the Fourth Age. Their son Eldarion and their daughters were not counted as Half-elven, but rather as Dúnedain restored.

References

  1. Lúthien was considered to be of the Eldar, not the half-elven; however, she was technically half-elven since only her father was an Elf. Her mother, Melian, was one of the Maiar, an angelic holy being. Though she did actually give up her mortality so her husband would be brought back to life, she was still considered one of the Eldar and never of the half-elven or Edain.
  2. Eluréd and Elurín were captured by the servants of Celegorm and abandoned in the forest, thus dying before their decision as to their kindred could be made.
  3. It is uncertain whether Elladan and Elrohir chose to be of the Edain or the Eldar; this information is not given in the books. However, since their choice was expressed by whether they would follow their father to Valinor at the time of his own departure, and they were described as remaining in Rivendell, they are often said to have chosen the Edain.
  4. This is a less known legend, which explains why the Princes of Dol Amroth were of Elven descent, but this (and perhaps other unaccounted instances) are less famous and are not usually mentioned among the half-elven.