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Haradrim

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[[Image:John Howe - Southrons.jpg|thumb|''Southrons'' by [[John Howe]].]]
 
[[Image:John Howe - Southrons.jpg|thumb|''Southrons'' by [[John Howe]].]]
The '''Haradrim''' or '''Southrons''' are the proud and warlike people of the [[Harad]], in the south of [[Middle-earth]]. The ancient enemies of [[Gondor]], they allied with [[Sauron]] during the [[War of the Ring]]. [[J.R.R.  Tolkien|Tolkien]] provides a description of one of their dead in [[the Lord of the Rings]]:
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The '''Haradrim''' or '''Southrons''' were the proud and warlike people of the [[Harad]], in the south of [[Middle-earth]].  
{{quote|...a man fell, crashing through the slender trees, nearly on top of them [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] and [[Sam]]. He came to rest in the fern a few feet away, face downward, green arrow-feathers sticking from his neck below a golden collar.  His scarlet robes were tattered, his corslet of overlapping brazen plates was rent and hewn, his black plaits of hair braided with gold were drenched with blood.  His brown hand still clutched the hilt of a broken sword...|''[[The Two Towers]]''}}
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The lands of the Haradrim lie to the south of [[Gondor]] past the river [[Harnen]]. The Haradrim are said to be skilled archers and horsemen, and to have swarthy skin.
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==History==
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Ancient enemies of [[Gondor]], they allied with [[Sauron]] during the [[War of the Ring]].  
  
During the [[Second Age]] the Men of [[Númenor]] built a great city in the firth of [[Haven of Umbar|Umbar]], a vast natural harbour on the southern shores of the [[Bay of Belfalas]], eventually turning the city into a fortified citadel from whose gates the Men of Númenor could levy great tributes upon the tribes of Harad.
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During the [[Second Age]] the Men of [[Númenor]] built a great city in the firth of [[Umbar]], a vast natural harbour on the southern shores of the [[Bay of Belfalas]], eventually turning the city into a fortified citadel from whose gates the Men of Númenor could levy great tributes upon the tribes of Harad.
  
In order to maintain their rule over the lands of Harad, the lords of Umbar installed client kings, chieftains who had submitted to their will. Any chieftain who opposed their rule was quickly slain. In order to facilitate their rule, the lords of Umbar established the order of the [[Hásharii]].
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At the time of the [[War of the Ring]], the Southrons were in league with [[Sauron]] and fought alongside his [[Orcs|Orc]] army. In the [[Battle of the Pelennor Fields]], they deployed cavalry and gigantic, [[Elephants|elephant]]-like [[Mûmakil]]. King [[Théoden]] of [[Rohan]] killed their leader, who bore the standard of the [[Black Serpent]], during the battle.
  
At the time of the [[War of the Ring]], the Southrons were in league with [[Sauron]] and fought alongside his [[Orcs|Orc]] army. In the [[Battle of the Pelennor Fields]], they deployed cavalry and gigantic, elephant-like [[Mûmakil]].  King [[Théoden]] of [[Rohan]] killed their leader, who bore the standard of the [[Black Serpent]], during the battle.
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Once Sauron was destroyed, the Southrons submitted to the rule of King [[Aragorn|Elessar]].
  
Once Sauron was destroyed, the Southrons submitted to the rule of King [[Aragorn II|Elessar]].
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==Appearance==
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[[J.R.R. Tolkien]] provided a description of one of their dead in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'':
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{{quote|He came to rest in the fern a few feet away, face downward, green arrow-feathers sticking from his neck below a golden collar.  His scarlet robes were tattered, his corslet of overlapping brazen plates was rent and hewn, his black plaits of hair braided with gold were drenched with blood.  His brown hand still clutched the hilt of a broken sword.|"[[Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit]]"}}
  
= Movie Depiction =
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==Etymology==
[[Image:Haradrim.jpg|thumb|225px|''Haradrim'' from [[Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings]]]]
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In [[Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings]], the Haradrim appear briefly in [[Peter Jackson's The Two Towers|The Two Towers]] when [[Frodo]] and [[Sam]] witness a raid on one of their columns by [[Faramir|Faramir's]] rangers.  They are featured more prominently in [[Peter Jackson's The Return of the King|The Return of the King]], in which the battle between the [[Rohirrim]] and the [[Mûmakil]] is a major action sequence.
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While the [[The Return of the King|book]] depicts the Southron army as primarily cavalry armed with scimitars, we see no horsemen in the movie: the Haradrim fight almost exclusively from platforms mounted on the backs of their monstrous [[oliphaunts]].  They have also adorned the animals' tusks with spikes and shafts that crush and impale numerous enemy horsemen.
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''Haradrim'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of the elements ''[[harad]]'' ("south") + ''[[rim]]'' ("host").<ref>{{L|144}}, p. 178</ref>
  
The costumes of the Haradrim in the movie are Middle Eastern in style and dark brown or black in color, while the Haradrim wore red livery in the book.
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==Other versions of the Legendarium==
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Early variant names for this people were the ''Haradwaith'' (from the name of their land) and ''Haradrians''.<ref>{{HM|SD}}, pp. 16-7</ref>
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==Portrayal in Adaptations==
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[[Image:Haradrim.jpg|thumb|225px|''Haradrim'' from [[The Lord of the Rings (film series)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (film series)]]]]
  
[[Category:Haradrim]]
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'''2001-03: [[The Lord of the Rings (film series)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (film series)]]:'''
[[Category:Men]]
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:The Haradrim appear briefly in [[The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers|The Two Towers]] when Frodo and [[Samwise Gamgee|Sam]] witness a raid on one of their columns by [[Faramir|Faramir's]] rangers.  They are featured more prominently in [[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King|The Return of the King]], in which the battle between the [[Rohirrim]] and the [[Mûmakil]] is a major action sequence.
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 +
:While the [[The Return of the King|book]] depicts the Southron army as primarily cavalry armed with scimitars, we see no horsemen in the movie: the Haradrim fight almost exclusively from platforms mounted on the backs of their monstrous [[oliphaunts]].  They have also adorned the animals' tusks with spikes and shafts that crush and impale numerous enemy horsemen.
 +
 
 +
:The costumes of the Haradrim in the movie are Middle Eastern in style and dark brown or black in color, while the Haradrim wore red livery in the book.
 +
 
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==See also==
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* [[:Category:Images of Haradrim|Images of Haradrim]]
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Haradrim| ]]
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[[Category:Sindarin names]]
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[[de:Haradrim]]
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[[fr:encyclo/peuples/hommes/haradrim]]
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[[fi:Haradrim]]

Revision as of 10:15, 6 April 2013

Southrons by John Howe.

The Haradrim or Southrons were the proud and warlike people of the Harad, in the south of Middle-earth.

Contents

History

Ancient enemies of Gondor, they allied with Sauron during the War of the Ring.

During the Second Age the Men of Númenor built a great city in the firth of Umbar, a vast natural harbour on the southern shores of the Bay of Belfalas, eventually turning the city into a fortified citadel from whose gates the Men of Númenor could levy great tributes upon the tribes of Harad.

At the time of the War of the Ring, the Southrons were in league with Sauron and fought alongside his Orc army. In the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, they deployed cavalry and gigantic, elephant-like Mûmakil. King Théoden of Rohan killed their leader, who bore the standard of the Black Serpent, during the battle.

Once Sauron was destroyed, the Southrons submitted to the rule of King Elessar.

Appearance

J.R.R. Tolkien provided a description of one of their dead in The Lord of the Rings:

"He came to rest in the fern a few feet away, face downward, green arrow-feathers sticking from his neck below a golden collar. His scarlet robes were tattered, his corslet of overlapping brazen plates was rent and hewn, his black plaits of hair braided with gold were drenched with blood. His brown hand still clutched the hilt of a broken sword."
― "Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit"

Etymology

Haradrim is a Sindarin name, consisting of the elements harad ("south") + rim ("host").[1]

Other versions of the Legendarium

Early variant names for this people were the Haradwaith (from the name of their land) and Haradrians.[2]

Portrayal in Adaptations

2001-03: The Lord of the Rings (film series):

The Haradrim appear briefly in The Two Towers when Frodo and Sam witness a raid on one of their columns by Faramir's rangers. They are featured more prominently in The Return of the King, in which the battle between the Rohirrim and the Mûmakil is a major action sequence.
While the book depicts the Southron army as primarily cavalry armed with scimitars, we see no horsemen in the movie: the Haradrim fight almost exclusively from platforms mounted on the backs of their monstrous oliphaunts. They have also adorned the animals' tusks with spikes and shafts that crush and impale numerous enemy horsemen.
The costumes of the Haradrim in the movie are Middle Eastern in style and dark brown or black in color, while the Haradrim wore red livery in the book.

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 144, (dated 25 April 1954), p. 178
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, pp. 16-7