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Harma

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'''''harma''''' is a noun meaning "treasure" in [[Quenya]].
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'''''harma''''' is a noun meaning "treasure" in [[Quenya]].<ref name="Names">{{App|Letters}}, Note, ''The names of the letters''</ref>
==Etymology==
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[[PQ]] *''k<sup>h</sup>armâ'' from [[Sundocarmë|Root]] [[KHAR]]. In the [[First Age]] it was pronounced ''charma''.
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== Tengwar ==
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[[Image:Harma.gif|left]]''Harma'' (the ''h'' was pronounced as ''ch'') was also the name in Quenya of the eleventh letter of the [[Tengwar]] alphabet.<ref name="Names"/>  It is the third letter of the third grade or [[Tyellë]], which contains "voiceless spirants" and it is the third letter in the third series of consonants.
[[Image:Harma.gif|right]]
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Charma was the original name of the eleventh letter of the [[Tengwar]] alphabet and had the value of "ch".  
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Over time [[Quenya]] lost the "ch" sound in the beginning of words, which became soft ''h'' and was written with [[Halla]] or [[Hyarmen]]; the letter itself was renamed ''[[acha]]'' and was now used only medially.
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For written Quenya, the third series is used for the ''k''-series, the ''[[Calmatéma]]''.<ref name="Letters">{{App|Letters}}</ref>  Originally ''Harma'' represented spirant '''CH''' in all positions.  While it retains this value in medial positions, over time the sound softened into breath '''H''' at the beginning of words and the letter was then called ''[[Aha]]''.  For breath '''H''' Quenya originally used a letter called ''[[Halla]]'', which was simply a raised stem (''[[telco]]'') without any bow (''[[lúva]]'').<ref>{{App|Letters}}, Note, ''The names of the letters'', footnote 1</ref>  In [[Sindarin]] this letter represents '''CH'''.
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In [[Westron]], the third series is used for a variety of consonantal sounds and this letter represents '''SH'''.<ref name="Letters"/>  The Westron name for this letter is '''''Shé'''''.<ref>See [[Westron Tengwar]]</ref>
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==Etymology==
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The word derives from the [[Primitive Quendian]] [[Sundocarme|root]] [[ƷAR]].<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, ƷAR-</ref>
  
== References ==
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==See Also ==
* ''[[The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth]]'' by [[Ruth S. Noel]]
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* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
 
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
  
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
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[[Category:Tengwar letters]]

Revision as of 23:15, 27 July 2012

harma is a noun meaning "treasure" in Quenya.[1]

Harma.gif
Harma (the h was pronounced as ch) was also the name in Quenya of the eleventh letter of the Tengwar alphabet.[1] It is the third letter of the third grade or Tyellë, which contains "voiceless spirants" and it is the third letter in the third series of consonants.

For written Quenya, the third series is used for the k-series, the Calmatéma.[2] Originally Harma represented spirant CH in all positions. While it retains this value in medial positions, over time the sound softened into breath H at the beginning of words and the letter was then called Aha. For breath H Quenya originally used a letter called Halla, which was simply a raised stem (telco) without any bow (lúva).[3] In Sindarin this letter represents CH.

In Westron, the third series is used for a variety of consonantal sounds and this letter represents SH.[2] The Westron name for this letter is Shé.[4]

Etymology

The word derives from the Primitive Quendian root ƷAR.[5]

See Also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters", Note, The names of the letters
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters", Note, The names of the letters, footnote 1
  4. See Westron Tengwar
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", ƷAR-