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Helm

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'''Helm Hammerhand''' ([[Third Age]] 2691 – 2759, aged 68 years) was the ninth [[King of Rohan]] and last King of the first line.  
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{{rohirrim infobox
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| name=Helm
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| image=[[File:Turner Mohan - Helm Hammerhand.jpg|250px]]
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| caption="Helm Hammerhand" by Turner Mohan
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| pronun=
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| othernames=Helm Hammerhand
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| titles=[[King of Rohan]]
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| position=
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| location=[[Rohan]]
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| affiliation=
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| language=[[Rohirric]] and [[Westron]]
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| birth={{TA|2691}}
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| birthlocation=
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| rule={{TA|2741}} - {{TA|2759|n}}
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| death={{TA|2759}}
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| deathlocation=[[Helm's Dike]] during [[Long Winter]]
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| age=68
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| notablefor=
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| house=House of Eorl
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| parentage=[[Gram]]
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| siblings=[[Hild]]
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| spouse=
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| children=Unnamed daughter, [[Haleth (son of Helm)|Haleth]] and [[Háma (son of Helm)|Háma]]
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| gender=Male
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| height=
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| hair=
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| eyes=
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| clothing=White
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| weapons=None
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| steed=
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| gallery=Helm Hammerhand
 +
}}
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'''Helm Hammerhand''' ([[Third Age]] {{TA|2691|n}} {{TA|2759|n}}, aged 68 years) was the ninth [[King of Rohan]] and last King of the first line.<ref>{{App|Mark}}</ref>
  
He became King at the death of his father [[Gram, King of Rohan|Gram]], during a time of crisis. His father had already fought open warfare with the [[Dunlendings]], who operated from the captured fortress of [[Isengard]].
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==History==
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Helm became King at the death of his father [[Gram]], during a time of crisis. His father had already fought open warfare with the [[Dunlendings]], who operated from the captured fortress of [[Isengard]].
  
Later in his reign a man named [[Freca]] appeared, a Dunlending with Rohirric blood. Freca held lands at either side of the river [[Adorn]], the border of Rohan, and claimed to be a descendant of King [[Fréawine]] of Rohan. He planned to let his son, [[Wulf]], marry the daughter of Helm. Freca marched to [[Edoras]] with a great force of men, planning to threathen the King to comply with his demands, but Helm Hammerhand smote him with his fist. Enraged, the men of Freca left Edoras, returning with a great force of Dunlendings. Under the leadership of Wulf they overran Rohan, but Helm withdrew in the Hornburg at [[Helm's Deep]] (which was later thus renamed in his honor), and there endured a long siege.
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In {{TA|2754}} a man named [[Freca]], a Dunlending with Rohirric blood planned to have his son, [[Wulf]], marry the daughter of Helm. Freca rode to [[Edoras]] with a great force of men, planning to threaten the King to comply with his demands, but Helm Hammerhand smote him with his fist and Freca died soon thereafter. Because of his great strength Helm was known as '''Hammerhand'''.
  
The Hornburg held a large war-horn, and whenever it was blown Helm would break through the Dunlending ranks, slaying many of their men. It is believed that many of the men he killed he did so with his bare hands. This led to a belief under the Dunlendings that the wraith of Helm Hammerhand still wandered through Rohan, and defended the Hornburg. However, at the end of the war Helm Hammerhand and his sons [[Haleth son of Helm|Haleth]] and [[Háma son of Helm|Hama]]] were slain. Once Helm died, his body was discovered frozen in the snow still standing, his eyes open, ready to fight.
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The men of Freca left Edoras, but in {{TA|2758|n}} they returned with a great force of Dunlendings, reinforced by enemies of [[Gondor]] who had landed in the south. Under the leadership of Wulf they overran Rohan; Helm fought them at the [[Crossings of Isen]] but lost and withdrew into the [[Hornburg|Suthburg]] and there endured a long siege.
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Helm held the fortress during the [[Long Winter]]. He blew his great war-horn, and broke through the Dunlending ranks, clad in white, stalking men like a [[snow-trolls|snow-troll]] slaying them with his bare hands. However, his sons [[Haleth (son of Helm)|Haleth]] and [[Háma (son of Helm)|Háma]] were slain and Helm grew gaunt because of grief and famine; still his horn would fill the Dunlendings with fear each time it was heard. During one of his night sorties Helm died, apparently from famine and cold; his body was discovered frozen in the snow still standing and ready to fight.
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He was succeeded by his nephew [[Fréaláf|Fréaláf Hildeson]], who defeated the Dunlendings.
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 +
There was a belief that his horn was sometimes heard in the Deep and that his [[wraith]] still wandered through Rohan, and defended the keep that would be renamed the Hornburg.<ref>{{App|Eorl}}</ref>
  
He was succeeded by his nephew [[Fréaláf Hildeson]], who defeated the Dunlendings.
 
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
Helm in [[Old English]] means "protection"
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Helm in [[Old English]] means "protection". The word is seen also in the names [[Elfhelm]] and [[Dernhelm]].
{{sequence
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|prev=[[Gram, King of Rohan|Gram]]
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|next=[[Fréaláf]]
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|list=9th [[King of Rohan]]<br><code>III</code> 2741 – 2759
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}}
+
  
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==Genealogy==
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | DEO | | |DEO=[[Déor]]<br/><small>''{{TA|2644|n}} - {{TA|2718|n}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | |}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | GRA | | |GRA=[[Gram]]<br/><small>''{{TA|2668|n}} - {{TA|2741|n}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | |,|-|^|-|.| |}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | HEL | | HIL |HEL='''HELM HAMMERHAND'''<br/><small>''{{TA|2691|n}} - {{TA|2759|n}}''†</small>|HIL=[[Hild]]<br/><small>''unknown''</small>}}
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{{familytree | |,|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|(| | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree | HAL | | HAM | | DAU | | FRE |HAL=[[Haleth (son of Helm)|Haleth]]<br/><small>''d. {{TA|2758|n}}''†</small>|HAM=[[Háma (son of Helm)|Háma]]<br/><small>''d. {{TA|2759|n}}''†</small>|DAU=''daughter''<br/><small>''unknown''</small>|FRE=[[Fréaláf|Fréaláf Hildeson]]<br/><small>''{{TA|2726|n}} - {{TA|2798|n}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | BRY |BRY=[[Brytta|Brytta Léofa]]<br/><small>''{{TA|2752|n}} - {{TA|2842|n}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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==Portrayal in adaptations==
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[[File:The Lord of the Rings - The Two Towers - Helm Hammerhand.png|200px|thumb|right|Helm in ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers]]''.]]
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'''2002: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers]]'':'''
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:As part of the decorations of the [[Hornburg]], two statues were erected. One was destroyed beyond recognition, but the other was one of Helm. The warrior holds a hammer in his hand.
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==See also==
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*[[:Category:Images of Helm Hammerhand|Images of Helm Hammerhand]]
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{{references}}
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{{seq-start}}
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{{seq-head
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| race=rohirrim
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| house=House of Eorl
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| born={{TA|2691}}
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| died={{TA|2759}}
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}}
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{{seq
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| prev=[[Gram]]
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| list=9th [[King of Rohan]]
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| dates={{TA|2741}} – {{TA|2759|n}}
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| next=[[Fréaláf]]
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}}
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{{seq-end}}
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{{rohankings}}
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[[Category:Old English names]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Rohan]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Rohan]]
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[[Category:Third Age characters]]
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[[de:Helm]]
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[[fi:Helm Vasarakoura]]
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[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hommes/3a/hommes_du_nord/rohirrim/helm]]

Latest revision as of 14:08, 18 February 2018

Helm
Rohir
Turner Mohan - Helm Hammerhand.jpg
"Helm Hammerhand" by Turner Mohan
Biographical Information
Other namesHelm Hammerhand
TitlesKing of Rohan
LocationRohan
LanguageRohirric and Westron
BirthT.A. 2691
RuleT.A. 2741 - 2759
DeathT.A. 2759 (aged 68)
Helm's Dike during Long Winter
Family
HouseHouse of Eorl
ParentageGram
SiblingsHild
ChildrenUnnamed daughter, Haleth and Háma
Physical Description
GenderMale
ClothingWhite
WeaponryNone
GalleryImages of Helm Hammerhand

Helm Hammerhand (Third Age 26912759, aged 68 years) was the ninth King of Rohan and last King of the first line.[1]

Contents

[edit] History

Helm became King at the death of his father Gram, during a time of crisis. His father had already fought open warfare with the Dunlendings, who operated from the captured fortress of Isengard.

In T.A. 2754 a man named Freca, a Dunlending with Rohirric blood planned to have his son, Wulf, marry the daughter of Helm. Freca rode to Edoras with a great force of men, planning to threaten the King to comply with his demands, but Helm Hammerhand smote him with his fist and Freca died soon thereafter. Because of his great strength Helm was known as Hammerhand.

The men of Freca left Edoras, but in 2758 they returned with a great force of Dunlendings, reinforced by enemies of Gondor who had landed in the south. Under the leadership of Wulf they overran Rohan; Helm fought them at the Crossings of Isen but lost and withdrew into the Suthburg and there endured a long siege.

Helm held the fortress during the Long Winter. He blew his great war-horn, and broke through the Dunlending ranks, clad in white, stalking men like a snow-troll slaying them with his bare hands. However, his sons Haleth and Háma were slain and Helm grew gaunt because of grief and famine; still his horn would fill the Dunlendings with fear each time it was heard. During one of his night sorties Helm died, apparently from famine and cold; his body was discovered frozen in the snow still standing and ready to fight.

He was succeeded by his nephew Fréaláf Hildeson, who defeated the Dunlendings.

There was a belief that his horn was sometimes heard in the Deep and that his wraith still wandered through Rohan, and defended the keep that would be renamed the Hornburg.[2]

[edit] Etymology

Helm in Old English means "protection". The word is seen also in the names Elfhelm and Dernhelm.

[edit] Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Déor
2644 - 2718
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gram
2668 - 2741
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
HELM HAMMERHAND
2691 - 2759
 
Hild
unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Haleth
d. 2758
 
Háma
d. 2759
 
daughter
unknown
 
Fréaláf Hildeson
2726 - 2798
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brytta Léofa
2752 - 2842


[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers:

As part of the decorations of the Hornburg, two statues were erected. One was destroyed beyond recognition, but the other was one of Helm. The warrior holds a hammer in his hand.

[edit] See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl", "The Kings of the Mark"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
Helm
House of Eorl
Born: T.A. 2691 Died: T.A. 2759
Preceded by:
Gram
9th King of Rohan
T.A. 27412759
Followed by:
Fréaláf

Kings of Rohan
First Line: Eorl the Young (T.A. 2510 - 2545) · Brego (2545 - 2570) · Aldor the Old (2570 - 2645) · Fréa (2645 - 2659) · Fréawine (2659 - 2680) · Goldwine (2680 - 2699) · Déor (2699 - 2718) · Gram (2718 - 2741) · Helm Hammerhand (2741 - 2759)
Second Line: Fréaláf Hildeson (2759 - 2798) · Brytta Léofa (2798 - 2842) · Walda (2842 - 2851) · Folca the Hunter (2851 - 2864) · Folcwine (2864 - 2903) · Fengel (2903 - 2953) · Thengel (2953 - 2980) · Théoden Ednew (2980 - 3019)
Third Line: Éomer Éadig (T.A. 3019 - Fo.A. 63) · Elfwine the Fair (63 - unknown)