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Hithlum

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| location = Northwestern [[Beleriand]]
 
| location = Northwestern [[Beleriand]]
 
| populace= [[Noldor|Ñoldor]]
 
| populace= [[Noldor|Ñoldor]]
| established = 1497 Years of Trees
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| established = {{YT|1497}}
| dissolved = 472 First Age
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| dissolved = {{FA|472}}
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{Pronounce|Hithlum.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
''Hithlum'' is a [[North Sindarin]] word,<ref name=PE17/> meaning "Mist-shadow" (''[[hith]]'' + ''[[lum]]''); its [[Quenya]] counterpart is '''''Hisilómë''''' (pron. {{IPA|[ˌhisiˈloːme]}}, stem ''Hisilómi-'').{{fact}} Its [[Sindarin]] name is said to be '''''Hithlũ'''''.<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}} p. 133</ref>
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''Hithlum'' is a [[North Sindarin]] word,<ref name=PE17/> meaning "Mist-shadow" (''[[hith]]'' + ''[[lum]]''); its [[Quenya]] counterpart is '''''Hísilómë''''' (pron. {{IPA|[ˌhisiˈloːme]}}, stem ''Hisilómi-'').<ref>{{S|Index}}, ''Hísilómë''</ref> Its [[Sindarin]] name is said to be '''''Hithlũ'''''.<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}} p. 133</ref>  In the days of [[Túrin]] the region was called ''Aryador'' in the language of [[Men]].<ref>{{LB|1b}}</ref>
  
 
[[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] initially marked the word as [[Noldorin]]; its second element was cognate to Quenya ''[[lumbe]]''.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, entry LUM- p. 370</ref>
 
[[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] initially marked the word as [[Noldorin]]; its second element was cognate to Quenya ''[[lumbe]]''.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, entry LUM- p. 370</ref>

Latest revision as of 05:59, 15 March 2013

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Hithlum-map.jpg
Hithlum
Political information
Etymology"Mist Shadow"
GovernmentMonarchy
Societal information
CapitalBarad Eithel
LanguageQuenya/Sindarin
LocationNorthwestern Beleriand
PopulaceÑoldor
Historical information
EstablishmentY.T. 1497
DissolutionF.A. 472

Hithlum (S, pron. [ˈhiθlum]) was a region north of Beleriand near the Helcaraxë.

Contents

[edit] Description

Hithlum was separated from Beleriand proper by the Ered Wethrin mountain chain, and was named after the sea mists which formed there at times.[1] The Ered Wethrin ("Mountains of Shadow") formed the southern and eastern wall, and had only a few passes; as such they formed a natural defensive line. The western wall was formed by the Ered Lómin or "Echoing Mountains", which curved north-westward to Helcaraxë. The land of Lammoth lay west of the Ered Wethrin and was not part of Beleriand or Hithlum, and the land of Nevrast was separated from Hithlum by the southern part of the Ered Lómin.[2] Hithlum was cold and rainy, but quite fertile.[1]

[edit] History

The Ñoldor entered Hithlum via the Firth of Drengist and first camped at the shores of Lake Mithrim.[3] Hithlum was subdivided in Mithrim, where the High Kings of the Noldor had their halls,[1] and Dor-lómin, which later became a fief of the House of Hador.[4]

Later in the First Age, Hithlum was continually under attack by Morgoth, finally being lost after the Nirnaeth Arnoediad. The Hadorians were scattered, killed, or enslaved, the Noldor were enslaved in Morgoth's mines if they could not flee in time, and Morgoth trapped the Easterlings there.[5]

Hithlum was completely destroyed during the War of Wrath.[6]

[edit] Etymology

Hithlum is a North Sindarin word,[7] meaning "Mist-shadow" (hith + lum); its Quenya counterpart is Hísilómë (pron. [ˌhisiˈloːme], stem Hisilómi-).[8] Its Sindarin name is said to be Hithlũ.[7] In the days of Túrin the region was called Aryador in the language of Men.[9]

Tolkien initially marked the word as Noldorin; its second element was cognate to Quenya lumbe.[10]

Hithlum
Helcaraxë Angband
Lammoth WindRose3.pngAnfauglith, Dorthonion
Nevrast Nargothrond Doriath

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of Men into the West"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson) p. 133
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names", Hísilómë
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "I. The Lay of the Children of Húrin: I. Túrin's Fostering"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", entry LUM- p. 370