Tolkien Gateway

Hithlum

(Difference between revisions)
m (Added reference)
 
(22 intermediate revisions by 9 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{sources}}{{expansion}}
+
{{expansion}}
 
+
 
{{kingdom
 
{{kingdom
| image = [[Image:Hithlum-map.jpg|300px]]
+
| image = [[Image:Hithlum-map.jpg|250px]]
 
| name = Hithlum
 
| name = Hithlum
 
| meaning = "Mist Shadow"
 
| meaning = "Mist Shadow"
Line 13: Line 12:
 
| language = [[Quenya]]/[[Sindarin]]
 
| language = [[Quenya]]/[[Sindarin]]
 
| location = Northwestern [[Beleriand]]
 
| location = Northwestern [[Beleriand]]
| populace= [[Ñoldor]]
+
| populace= [[Noldor|Ñoldor]]
| established = 1497 Years of Trees
+
| established = {{YT|1497}}
| dissolved = 472 First Age
+
| dissolved = {{FA|472}}
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{Pronounce|Hithlum.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
{{Pronounce|Hithlum.mp3|Ardamir}}
'''Hithlum''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈhiθlum]}}) is the region north of [[Beleriand]] near the [[Helcaraxë]].
+
'''Hithlum''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈhiθlum]}}) was a region north of [[Beleriand]] near the [[Helcaraxë]].
  
Hithlum was separated from Beleriand proper by the [[Ered Wethrin]] mountain chain, and was named after the sea mists which formed there at times: ''Hithlum'' is [[North Sindarin]] for "Mist-shadow"; its [[Quenya]] counterpart is '''Hisilómë''' (pron. {{IPA|[ˌhisiˈloːme]}}, stem ''Hisilómi-''), and its [[Sindarin]] name was either '''Hithlaw''' or '''Hithlû'''.
+
==Description==
 +
Hithlum was separated from Beleriand proper by the [[Ered Wethrin]] mountain chain, and was named after the sea mists which formed there at times.<ref name="Bel">{{S|Beleriand}}</ref>  The [[Ered Wethrin]] ("Mountains of Shadow") formed the southern and eastern wall, and had only a few passes; as such they formed a natural defensive line. The western wall was formed by the [[Ered Lómin]] or "Echoing Mountains", which curved north-westward to [[Helcaraxë]]. The land of [[Lammoth]] lay west of the Ered Wethrin and was not part of Beleriand or Hithlum, and the land of [[Nevrast]] was separated from Hithlum by the southern part of the Ered Lómin.<ref name="Map">{{S|Map}}</ref>  Hithlum was cold and rainy, but quite fertile.<ref name="Bel"/>
  
Hithlum was subdivided in [[Mithrim]], where the High Kings of the [[Noldor]] had their halls, and [[Dor-lómin]], which later became a fief of the [[House of Hador]].
+
==History==
 +
The Ñoldor entered Hithlum via the ''Firth of Drengist'' and first camped at the shores of [[Lake Mithrim]].<ref>{{S|Return}}</ref>  Hithlum was subdivided in [[Mithrim]], where the High Kings of the [[Noldor]] had their halls,<ref name="Bel"/> and [[Dor-lómin]], which later became a fief of the [[House of Hador]].<ref>{{S|West}}</ref>
  
The [[Ered Wethrin]] ("Mountains of Shadow") formed the southern and western wall, and had only a few passes; as such they formed a natural defensive line. The eastern wall was formed by the [[Ered Lómin]] or "Echoing Mountains", which curved north-westward to [[Helcaraxë]].
+
Later in the [[First Age]], Hithlum was continually under attack by [[Morgoth]], finally being lost after the [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]]. The Hadorians were scattered, killed, or enslaved, the Noldor were enslaved in Morgoth's mines if they could not flee in time, and Morgoth trapped the [[Easterlings]] there.<ref>{{S|Fifth}}</ref>
  
The land of Lammoth lay east of the Ered Wethrin and was not part of Beleriand or Hithlum, and the land of [[Nevrast]] was separated from Hithlum by the southern part of the Ered Lómin. Nevrast was usually seen as part of Hithlum, but its climate was that of Beleriand.
+
Hithlum was completely destroyed during the [[War of Wrath]].<ref>{{S|Earendil}}</ref>
  
Hithlum was cold and rainy, but quite fertile. The Ñoldor landed here in the ''Firth of Drengist'' and first camped at the shores of [[Lake Mithrim]].
+
==Etymology==
 
+
''Hithlum'' is a [[North Sindarin]] word,<ref name=PE17/> meaning "Mist-shadow" (''[[hith]]'' + ''[[lum]]''); its [[Quenya]] counterpart is '''''Hísilómë''''' (pron. {{IPA|[ˌhisiˈloːme]}}, stem ''Hisilómi-'').<ref>{{S|Index}}, ''Hísilómë''</ref> Its [[Sindarin]] name is said to be '''''Hithlũ'''''.<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}} p. 133</ref>  In the days of [[Túrin]] the region was called ''Aryador'' in the language of [[Men]].<ref>{{LB|1b}}</ref>
Later in the [[First Age]], Hithlum was continually under attack by [[Morgoth]], finally being lost after the [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]]. The Hadorians were scattered, killed, or enslaved, the Noldor were enslaved in Morgoth's mines if they could not flee in time, and Morgoth trapped the [[Easterlings]] there.
+
 
+
Hithlum was completely destroyed during the [[War of Wrath]].
+
  
 +
[[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] initially marked the word as [[Noldorin]]; its second element was cognate to Quenya ''[[lumbe]]''.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, entry LUM- p. 370</ref>
 
{{navigation
 
{{navigation
 
| title= Hithlum
 
| title= Hithlum
Line 44: Line 43:
 
| south= [[Nargothrond]]
 
| south= [[Nargothrond]]
 
| south-east= [[Doriath]]
 
| south-east= [[Doriath]]
|}}
+
}}
 
+
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
+
[[Category:Beleriand]]
[[Category:Elven Realms]]
+
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
[[Category:Northwest Beleriand]]
+
[[Category:Elven realms]]
[[Category:Realms]]
+
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
+
[[de:Hithlum]]
 +
[[fi:Hithlum]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/regions/beleriand/hithlum]]

Latest revision as of 05:59, 15 March 2013

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
This article or section needs expansion and/or modification. Please help the wiki by expanding it.
Hithlum-map.jpg
Hithlum
Political information
Etymology"Mist Shadow"
GovernmentMonarchy
Societal information
CapitalBarad Eithel
LanguageQuenya/Sindarin
LocationNorthwestern Beleriand
PopulaceÑoldor
Historical information
EstablishmentY.T. 1497
DissolutionF.A. 472

Hithlum (S, pron. [ˈhiθlum]) was a region north of Beleriand near the Helcaraxë.

Contents

[edit] Description

Hithlum was separated from Beleriand proper by the Ered Wethrin mountain chain, and was named after the sea mists which formed there at times.[1] The Ered Wethrin ("Mountains of Shadow") formed the southern and eastern wall, and had only a few passes; as such they formed a natural defensive line. The western wall was formed by the Ered Lómin or "Echoing Mountains", which curved north-westward to Helcaraxë. The land of Lammoth lay west of the Ered Wethrin and was not part of Beleriand or Hithlum, and the land of Nevrast was separated from Hithlum by the southern part of the Ered Lómin.[2] Hithlum was cold and rainy, but quite fertile.[1]

[edit] History

The Ñoldor entered Hithlum via the Firth of Drengist and first camped at the shores of Lake Mithrim.[3] Hithlum was subdivided in Mithrim, where the High Kings of the Noldor had their halls,[1] and Dor-lómin, which later became a fief of the House of Hador.[4]

Later in the First Age, Hithlum was continually under attack by Morgoth, finally being lost after the Nirnaeth Arnoediad. The Hadorians were scattered, killed, or enslaved, the Noldor were enslaved in Morgoth's mines if they could not flee in time, and Morgoth trapped the Easterlings there.[5]

Hithlum was completely destroyed during the War of Wrath.[6]

[edit] Etymology

Hithlum is a North Sindarin word,[7] meaning "Mist-shadow" (hith + lum); its Quenya counterpart is Hísilómë (pron. [ˌhisiˈloːme], stem Hisilómi-).[8] Its Sindarin name is said to be Hithlũ.[7] In the days of Túrin the region was called Aryador in the language of Men.[9]

Tolkien initially marked the word as Noldorin; its second element was cognate to Quenya lumbe.[10]

Hithlum
Helcaraxë Angband
Lammoth WindRose3.pngAnfauglith, Dorthonion
Nevrast Nargothrond Doriath

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of Men into the West"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson) p. 133
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names", Hísilómë
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "I. The Lay of the Children of Húrin: I. Túrin's Fostering"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", entry LUM- p. 370