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"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Helm's Deep by Jeremy Bennett

The Hornburg (originally Súthburg) was a great Gondorian fortress built on a rock, connected to the Deeping Wall. It guarded a deep valley nestled in the northeastern White Mountains.

In later years whole regions of Gondor, such as Calenardhon, were depopulated or evacuated. Therefore it came into the possession of Rohan and the master of Westfold dwelt there.

During the Dunlendings' occupation and Wulf's usurpation, Helm Hammerhand sought refuge there. It was renamed Hornburg because a horn shouted from its tower, could be heard in the whole Deep.

During the War of the Ring it was commanded by Gamling the Old, and defended off a large-scale attack from Isengard during the Battle of the Hornburg. It was said among the Rohirrim that "no enemy has yet taken the Hornburg", and it was considered the strongest point in Rohan, stronger than Edoras and Dunharrow.