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I

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For example:
 
For example:
 
*''[[Perhael]], '''i''' [[sennui]] "[[Panthael]]" [[esta]]thar [[aen]]'' "[[Samwise Gamgee|Samwise]], '''who''' ought to be called 'Fullwise'"<ref>{{HM|SD}}, [[King's Letter]]</ref>
 
*''[[Perhael]], '''i''' [[sennui]] "[[Panthael]]" [[esta]]thar [[aen]]'' "[[Samwise Gamgee|Samwise]], '''who''' ought to be called 'Fullwise'"<ref>{{HM|SD}}, [[King's Letter]]</ref>
*''[[Eru]] '''i''' [[or]] [[ilya|ilye]] [[mahalma]]r [[ea (verb)|ea]]'' "the One, '''who''' is above all thrones"
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*''[[Ilúvatar|Eru]] '''i''' [[or]] [[ilya|ilye]] [[mahalma]]r [[ea (verb)|ea]]'' "the One, '''who''' is above all thrones"
  
 
In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun:
 
In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun:

Revision as of 18:02, 26 November 2011

i (plural in in Sindarin) is the Quenya and Sindarin article "the" and relative pronoun "who".

Etymology

It is possible that the article begun as a relative pronoun, whose Primitive Quendian Root was YA.

Sindarin

Mutations

In Sindarin, the singular form causes lenition to the following word. For example tâl "foot" > i dâl "the foot".[1]

The plural form causes nasal mutation, and the final -n is assimilated. For example Periain "Halflings" > in+Periain > i-Pheriain "the Halflings".[2]

(The affection is usually noted with a hyphen or a dot between article and word.)

Related forms

These Sindarin prepositions contain the suffixed article -in:

The above combined articles when before a word, cause a peculiar phenomenon of lenition different from the above.[3]

As a relative pronoun

In both Quenya and Sindarin, i is used for the relative pronoun "who" or a conjunction "that", introducing a secondary phrase. In Quenya it is usually the plural form of ya/ye but can also be used in the Singular.

For example:

In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun:

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings p. 298
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Field of Cormallen"
  3. http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/sindarin.htm#mixed
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, King's Letter
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, p. 21